archaeology final

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archaeology final
2011-08-04 17:01:48
archaeology anthropology

fordham summer class archaeology final questions
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  1. what does NAGPRA stand for?
    Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
  2. define reflexive. what came out of reflexivism?
    when you look inward and question yourself. post-processionalism. arch are beginning to be reflexsive, and looking inward, what role do we play in society
  3. African Burial Ground summary
  4. our recent ancestors in order
    homo habilis, homo ergaster, homo neanderthalensis, homo florensiensis, modern homo sapiens
  5. what is the name of the major ice bridge between russia and alaska
  6. when was the last glacial maximum
    18,000 years ago
  7. what are some of the new methods proposed instead of the clovis method? and who did the clovis method?
    channel hopping - erlandson, solutrean - dennis stanford,
  8. historical particularism
    everything is particular to its own society
  9. where does american archaeology come from and what perspective does it hold?
    stems from anthropology and it is etic
  10. where does european archaeology come from and what perspective does it hold?
    stems from history and its emic
  11. what is solutrean?
    the idea that clovis people came originally from the solutrean peoples in europe around 15,000-20,000 years ago Stanford says that they did it by bringing their boats along the ice edge which stretched across the ocean at the time. walrus jaw found in the nearby Chesapeake helps make this conclusion.
  12. final exam format
    4 pages, 2 pages are questions, all either short answer and then 2 short essays, short answer - 1 or 2 words not interpretive thing, on the other 2 pages top sheet - arial view in C2 or from a table of an archaeological site, sorted data and how do you interpret it. 2nd page is an excel chart where each box gets its own column, gives more detail. what happens when multiple lines of evidence converge. and the essay topics are about major topics. starting with methodology on. think about final topic of paper. thinks of types of evidence, and go into each type, and think of keywords that apply to each type.
  13. what your final paper should be about
    post processionalism and importance of multi vocality - issues including women and africans in america and african american ideas about that and how arch is no longer strictly in hands of arch's, imperial finds and evidence,
  14. native americans as example of current anthro debates, heard idea of manipulation of the past to represent the present, nationalist agenda to co-opt the native american past, and think of nationalism and present is married to the past, debate over NAGPRA over kenniwick man
    reason why natives were not hip to letting us co-opt there past, led to debates about peopling of the new world. how modern anthro is happening. changes in theoredical paradime. changes in legislations about remains, changes in origin theories, and histories that are created, post processionalist paradym in guppie in what responsibilities arch's have for the past "stuward"
  15. who is kenniwick man?
    dude found near alaska dating around the time of the biringia bridge, natives and arch's fighting over him, arch's get him since they cannot trade dna back to the natives
  16. what is a steward
    care taker, one who protects, an overseer. no one owns the past but they have a responsibility to guard it when they imperically create it. they own the public more, shouldnt the public care more and understand the validity of native groups about their past more.
  17. public opinion article - guppie
    they are trying to get the people to work with them. just hasnt been done in the united states, survey for 5 main areas - how much do people really know about archaeology,
  18. what is cultural resource management / heritage management?
    a process by which the protection and management of the multitudinous but scarce elements of cultural heritage are given some consideration in a modern world with an expanding population and changing needs
  19. two issues where CRM work was the culprate?
    nagpra and african burial group
  20. ethnoarchaeology
    studying living peoples, with special attention to the relationship of behavior and the material remains
  21. functionalism
    society is an organism with different parts that benefit specific people, try to understand what importance they hold
  22. emic
    we live, who, what, we are. inside perspective. your own world
  23. etic
    outside of our own perspective, nonstructural and objective. what others consider normal
  24. analogy
    resemblance of the function between organisms that have different evolutionary origin. present is an analogy for the past
  25. ethnocentrism
    evaluating other peoples and cultures according to the standard of your own culture
  26. cultural ecology
    study of relationship btw humans and environment
  27. midden
    dumpster for domestic waste
  28. datum point
    permanent spot at site that never moves
  29. lithics
  30. methods of absolute dating
    ice core dating ( light/dark bands = diff years) or by pollen in ice, tree-ring dating (rings = diff years), c14 dating (date by the decay of carbon 14),
  31. paleoethno botony
    study of plants
  32. what happens after death
    decompostion, post mortem transport, burial, compaction, chemicals, biologic activity, physical activity, how animals interact with it
  33. bog bodies
    tulland man
  34. before death
  35. during death
  36. after death
  37. holes in skull
  38. 2 types of burials
    primary, secondary
  39. ways to be buried
    flexed, semi-flexed, extended,