Law, Ethics, and Professionalism
Card Set Information
Law, Ethics, and Professionalism
Pharmacology Pharmacy Tech
what agencies oversee Pharmacy Practice?
FDA, DEA, CPSC, and State Boards of Pharmacy
Where might you find Pharmacies?
Hospitals, Community, institutional, Clincs, Education, Insurance and HMO's, and Publication
What are the duties and responsibilities of pharmacy technicians?
Dispensing, record keeping, pricing, preparing doses of medications, preparing compounded medications, and transportation of medications
What is the PTCB
Pharmacy Technician Certification Board
How many members are on the State Board of Pharmacy? Who are those members?
9 members; 6 pharmacist, 1 pharmacy technician, 2 public members
Who are the members of the Board of Pharmacy appointed by, and how long of a term can the serve?
Appointed by the governor, and they serve a 5 year term
Can a prescription be filled if it is from Mexico or Canada?
yes, as long as it is written by a medical practitioner licensed by the appropriate board of Mexico or Canada
What does PIC stand for?
Pharmacist in Charge
What is the Generic Drug Formulary?
if physician prescribes a brand name med, and does not indicate DAW, the pharmacist may fill with a generic.
Who is in charge of the Hospital pharmacy?
the director of Pharmacy
In the absence of a pharmacist, what happens?
Arrangements shall be made by the director for authorized medical personnel to have access to night cabinets or access to the pharmacy in emergency situations only
What is Common Drug law?
law derved from the history of decisions made by courts individual cases
What is Statutory Drug Law?
law created by the actions of legislature
What is Regulatory Drug Law?
law created by the agencies empowered by the states or federal government
What is the DEA?
Drug Enforcement Administration, agency who regulate the dispensing, packaging, and manufacturing of controlled substances in the U.S
What is the CPSC and what did they do for Pharmacies?
Consumer Product Safety Comission, regulate the use of child proof caps to guarantee safety
What is the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1938?
Created the FDA, requires that the manufactures frove drug safety for human use.
What is the Durham- Humphrey Amendment of 1951?
Created the OTC drugs, requires RX must state Federal law prohibits the dispensing of this medication without a prescription, also authorized taking verbal prescriptions by a pharmacist
What is the Kefauver- Harris Amendment of 1962?
requires manufactures submit efficacy data to FDA and NDA before starting clinical trials
What is the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970?
established the 5 schedules of controlled stbstances, created the DEA, requires label to read "federal law prohibits transfer of this drug to anyone other than the person for whom it was prescribed
Poision Prevention Packaging Act of 1970
requires that certian household substances, including prescriptions have a child-resistant packaging.
Drug Act of 1972
created the NDC system
Orphan Drug Act of 1983
orphan drugs are those that will be used by few but are costly to develop, this act allows for a tax break on research to increase their development
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (ORRA90)
requires pharmacist to counsel all patients of medicare and medicaid who recieve new prescriptions
What is the Orange Book?
approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations
what is the Red Book
Mationally recognized average wholesale prices, direct prices, and federal upper limit prices for prescription drugs, NDC numbers for all FDA- approved drugs
What is Consequentialism
see right and wrong of an action in terms of the consequence this action may bring
What is the systematic formulation of the traits of character that make human behavior praisworthy or blameworthy?
What is the branch of ethics dealing with duty, moral obligation, and the right action?
Who in the healthcare system does not have direct patient care but shape the system
What is the Primary Provider of the Healthcare System?
those with direct patient care in the office or health institution
Who provide payment for services and set the amounts to be paid?
Who is the patient in Healthcare system?
end consumer of the healthcare system with very little input into their own care