italian - nouns, pronouns, propositions, adverbs

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ryanknock
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96260
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italian - nouns, pronouns, propositions, adverbs
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2011-09-28 14:23:03
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italian nouns pronouns propositions adverbs
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italian - nouns, pronouns, propositions, adverbs
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  1. with
    con
  2. a
    un, una
  3. the
    la, il, l' (feminie, masculine, before vowel)
  4. the, plural
    le, i, le, gli (feminine, masculine, feminine before vowel, masculine before vowel)
  5. common noun endings
    • masculine: -o, -e, ore
    • feminine: -a, -e, ione

    • plural: -a becomes -e
    • -o becomes -i
    • -e becomes -e
  6. a+il conjunctions
    a = to a place, at a place, by a place

    • a+il = al
    • a+la = alla
    • a+l' = all'
    • a+i = ai
    • a+le = ale
    • a+gli = agli
  7. da + il conjuctions
    di + il conjuctions
    • di= of; aka, "niece of" or "from madrid"
    • =thant; piu giovanne di lei = younger than her
    • da = from, aka, I"m coming from the station (Vengo dalla stazione)
    • = at a palce, aka, nonna va dal dottore, perche non passata da noi?
    • = how much time has passed

    • da+il = dal
    • da+la = dalla
    • da+l' = dall'
    • da+i = dai
    • da+le=dalle
    • da+gli = dagli
  8. in versus a
    • in = talking about where something is located, aka, Sono in Mazzinin, numero settantanove
    • a= talking about where you are going, aka, to a taxi driver

    • in = a country
    • a = a city

    • in = type of place you work
    • a= which company who work for

    • in = what type of transport you are using
    • a = by foot, a pied
  9. in +il
    • in+il = nel
    • in+la = nella
    • in+l' = nell'
    • in+lo = nello
    • in+i = nei
    • in+le = nelle
    • in+gli = negli
  10. possesive pronouns
    mas. singular, mas. plural, fem singular, fem plural

    • my:mio, miei, mia, mie
    • your (fam)tuo, tuoi, tua, tue
    • your (form) suo, suoi, sua, sue
    • his/her: suo, suoi, sua, sue
    • our: nostro, nostri, nostra, nostre
    • your (pl): vostro, vostri, vostra, vostre
    • their: loro
  11. se
    if
  12. oppure
    otherwise, or
  13. prima di
    before
  14. indirect pronouns
    • to me: mi
    • to you: ti
    • to you: le
    • to him: gil
    • to her: le
    • to us: ci
    • to you: vi
    • to them: gli
  15. niente
    nothing
  16. nessuno
    no one
  17. mai
    never (also ever)
  18. piu
    no longer
  19. ancora
    not yet
  20. neanche
    not even
  21. affato
    not at all
  22. ne ... ne
    neither, nor
  23. negatives
    • keep the non before the verb then the article after the verb:
    • non sento niente (I don't hear anything)
    • tu non senti mai niente: You don't ever hear anything
    • non voglio perdere niente: I don't want to lose anything
  24. neussuno vs. qualcuno/tutti
    nobody vs. everybody
  25. mai vs. sempre
    never versus always
  26. niente vs. qualcosa/tutto
    nothing versus everything
  27. non ... ancora vs. gia
    not yet versus already
  28. non ... affatto vs molto/tanto
    not at all versus a lot
  29. in questo caso
    in this case
  30. allora
    so, then
  31. invece di
    instead of
  32. oppure
    otherwise, or
  33. direct object pronouns
    • me: mi
    • you: ti
    • you: la
    • him/it: lo
    • her/it: la
    • us: ci
    • you: vi
    • them (m): li
    • them (f): le
  34. una volta
    one time, once
  35. ogni tanto
    once in a while
  36. a volte
    at times
  37. di solito
    usually
  38. spesso
    often
  39. sempre
    always
  40. double pronouns: indirect object plus direct
    • mi:me lo, me la, me li, me le
    • ti: te lo, te la, te li, te le
    • le: glielo, gliela, glieli, gliele
    • gli: glielo, gliela, glieli, gliele
    • ci: ce lo, ce la, ce li, ce le
    • vi: ve lo, ve la, ve li, ve le
    • gli: glielo, gliela, glieli, gliele

    • AKA, I'll bring them to you = Te li porto io.
    • Te lo guiro = I promise you (it)
  41. -ly adverbs = -mente adverbs
    use feminine form of adjective, and add -mente to verbs

    • sure = sicuro, sicura
    • surely = sicuramente

    • quick = veloce
    • quickly = velocemente

    for adjective ending in -le or -re, drop the final e before adding the -mente, facilmente
  42. a proposito
    by the way
  43. anche se
    even if
  44. francamente
    frankly
  45. sinceramente
    honestly
  46. sicuramente
    certainly
  47. disjunctive pronouns
    used with per, com, su, di and tra/fra

    me, te, lei, lue, noi, voi, lei, loro
  48. per
    for
  49. con
    with
  50. su
    on
  51. di
    of, from
  52. tra
    between
  53. fra
    between
  54. "ci"
    • "us"
    • "to/for us"
    • "there"
    • "ourselves"

    • replace something begining with aVoglio
    • pensare a questo regalo can change to Ci voglio pensare
  55. flourish suffixes:
    • small
    • -ello/-ella
    • -etto/etta
    • -ino/ina

    • small or endearment
    • -uccio/-uccia

    • large:
    • -one/-ona
    • -accio/-accia
    • -astro/astra

    • ugly or poor quality
    • --azzo/-azza

    • una cravatonna = large tie
    • la cameretta = smal room
    • malaccio = very bad (largely bad)
    • tesorino= little treasure
    • scatolina = little box
  56. NE
    "some of them, some of it"

    Quanti ne vuole? How many of them would you like?

    "about it, about them"

    Ne ho comprate dieci.. I bought ten of them.

    CAN ALSO replace any preposition started with di. Non ne voglio parlare, I don't want to talk about it

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