Retail Pharmacy Lab

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Author:
calynfurr
ID:
96289
Filename:
Retail Pharmacy Lab
Updated:
2011-08-06 03:05:52
Tags:
pharmacology pharmacy technician
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Description:
PHM 151
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  1. What are 2 types of activities of a pharmacy technician's role
    processing prescriptions, and maintaining the pharmacy department
  2. Can a pharmacy tech receive oral/phone prescriptions from prescribers?
    no, only a Registered Pharmacist (RPH) can do this
  3. who is to counsel patients at the pharmacy?
    the RPH
  4. is confidentiality an important role of a pharmacy tech?
    yes, the pharmacy is highly trusted.
  5. what are the departments of a pharmacy?
    medication storage area, speed shelf, and refrigerator, also work area (in-window, data entry station, filling station, and out window)
  6. Who can write prescriptions?
    physicians, dentists, osteopaths, veterinarians, podiatrist, optometristis, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners
  7. what is needed on a prescription order?
    prescriber's name, address, and phone #, patient's full & legible name, Date issued, med infor(strength, name, and dosage form), directions(sig), number of refills, generic substitution is permitted or not, and prescriber's signature, if it is a controlled substance, you also need patient's address and prescriber's DEA number.
  8. what does sig mean?
    latin word of you write
  9. when a pharmacist takes an oral prescription, what will they do?
    they will write out the order on a prescrption blank as the prescriber dictaes and will sign the prescribers name and initial and date it.
  10. when transcribing, what do you write if the dose form is po?
    you would use the word take for adults, and give for children
  11. If you are transcribing for suppositories, what is your directions gonna start with?
    insert
  12. instill or place refers to what?
    drops (eye or ear)
  13. what does infuse refer to?
    IV
  14. what do you do with oral drops??
    take or give
  15. Capsules
    made of gleatin & filled with meds, come in 8 sizes
  16. tablets
    compressed powder, usually swallowed whole so that they break apart in the stomach
  17. Buccal
    place between the cheek and gums, absorbed directly into the blood stream
  18. sublingual
    under tongue, dissolves rapidly, direct absorption into the blood stream
  19. chewable
    chew before swallowing
  20. effervescent tablets
    acid & sodium bicarbonate, must be dissolved in water
  21. enteric coated tablets
    coated to not dissolve in the stomach, dissolves in the intestines
  22. troches & lozenges
    held in mouth till dissolved. Kept in contact with the mouth and throat
  23. controlled release
    released over an extended period of time at fixed rate. XL- entended release, SR- sustained release, LA- long acting
  24. solution
    solid dissolved in liquid; clear, not colorless
  25. suspensions
    medication particles suspended in liquid, must be well shaken
  26. elixirs
    clear, contain water & alcohol, usually flavored
  27. Fluid Extracts & tinctures
    water & alcohol, plant extract as active ingredient
  28. spirit
    high alcohol content, stored in air tight container so it doesn't evaporate
  29. syrups
    sugar & water with active ingredients
  30. emulsions
    oil & water, will separate and oil will float on water
  31. ointments
    oil preparation that leaves oil on skin, must be protected
  32. creams
    water, oil and other ingredients, less greasy, absorbed thru the skin
  33. lotions
    more liquid applied over large area of skin
  34. liniments
    oil, alcohol and solutions of soap, produces heat, do not apply to broken skin
  35. gels
    semi- solid suspension with small particles suspended in water base
  36. collodions
    liquid that dries as flexible film on the skin
  37. transdermal patches
    sticker with drugs applied to skin, avsorbed thru the skin
  38. suppositories
    glycerin, melts at body temp, can be used in vagina, rectum, or urethra
  39. vaginal tablets
    dissolve or melt with body fluids, inserted in vagina
  40. otic
    go in eares, can be solutions or suspensions
  41. ophthalmic
    used in eyes or ears, solutions or suspensions or ointments
  42. aerosols
    spayable products using pressurized gas to deliver medicaition, usually seen as oral and nasal inhalers
  43. gum
    medication is distributed in a chewing gum for absorption throught the mucous membrane
  44. Containers- Vials
    cylinder shaped container for tabs and caps, usually amber color to protect drugs from light
  45. Containers - Ointment jars
    plastic or glass jars, usually opaque
  46. Containers- Bottles
    used for liquids, also amber colored, many different sizes
  47. Containers- Dropper bottles
    glass or plastic with dropperst attached to lid
  48. Containers- Applicator bottles
    little glass rods attached to the lid of container, used to help apply to affected area
  49. Closures
    come as child resistant and easy open, PPA says all medicatons will use child resistant cap unless the patient or physician requests otherwise, some exceptions
  50. What are the exceptions to the child proof caps?
    NTG, bith control, sodium chloride, inhalers
  51. when does a label have to have the brand or trade name listed
    only if the medication is a brand
  52. when do you put a generic name on prescription label
    all medication labels must have this
  53. medication strength on a RX label
    per each unit of issue (ie. tablet, capsule or mL)
  54. what is the Legend Statement
    Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensing without a prescription
  55. What is the NDC number
    national Drug Code, assigned both by the FDA and the manufacture and it identifies the medicaton
  56. What does the NDC number consist of
    3 parts; first 5 digits = manufacture, assigned by FDA... nex 4 digits = name, strength, and dosage form of drug... last 2 digits = package size

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