Medical Terms

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Author:
mdando
ID:
96291
Filename:
Medical Terms
Updated:
2011-08-06 00:33:19
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medical terms
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medical terms
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  1. Word Roots
    Indicate the part of the body involved
  2. Suffixes
    attached to the end of a word indicating procedure, condition, disorder, or disease
  3. Prefixes
    attached to the beginning of a word indicating location, time, number or status
  4. Determining meanings of terms
    knowledge of word parts helps to decipher medical terms
  5. MEdical Dictionary
    used to define terms
  6. Pronunciation
    using pronunciation system
  7. Basic Medical Terms
    Terms used to describe disease conditions
  8. algia or dynia-
    pain
  9. dys-
    bad, difficult, painful
  10. -ectomy-
    surgical removal of (Excision)
  11. hyper-
    excessive
  12. hypo-
    deficient, decreased
  13. -itis-
    inflammation
  14. -osis-
    abnormal condition or disease
  15. -ostomy-
    creating an artificial opening to the body surface
  16. -otomy-
    surgical incision into
  17. -plasty-
    surgical repair
  18. -rrhaphy-
    surgical suturing
  19. -rrhage-
    bleeding, bursting forth
  20. -rrhea-
    flow or discharge
  21. -rrhexis-
    rupture
  22. -sclerosis-
    abnormal hardening
  23. Path-
    disease
  24. -ology-
    study of
  25. ologist-
    specialist
  26. -megaly-
    enlargement
  27. -malacia-
    abnormal softening
  28. -centesis-
    surgical puncture to remove fluid
  29. -necrosis-
    tissue death
  30. -stenosis-
    abnormal narrowing
  31. -graphy-
    process of producing a picture
  32. -gram-
    picture or record
  33. -scopy-
    visual examination
  34. Pre-
    before
  35. -al-
    pertaining to
  36. A or an-
    without
  37. Post-
    after
  38. Dermat-
    skin
  39. Neo-
    new
  40. Gastr/o
    stomach
  41. Py/o
    pus
  42. Cyan/o
    blue
  43. Abdomin/o
    abdomen
  44. Hem/o
    blood
  45. Arthr/o
    joint
  46. My/o
    muscle
  47. Rhin/o
    nose
  48. Laryng/o
    larynx
  49. Myel/o
    bone marrow, spinal cord
  50. Pyr/o
    fever, fire
  51. Poli/o
    gray matter of spinal cord and brain
  52. Ot/o
    ear, hearing
  53. Cardi/o
    heart
  54. Neur/o
    nerve
  55. Arteri/o
    artery
  56. Nat/o
    birth
  57. Myc/o
    fungus
  58. When to use an 'o'.....
    Use an ‘o’ when a suffix begins with a consonant and when combining word roots
  59. When not to use an 'o'....
    Do not use an ‘o’ when the suffix begins with a vowel.
  60. Dx, DG, Dg
    Diagnosis
  61. D/D, DD, DDx
    Differential Diagnosis
  62. IM
    intramuscular
  63. Px, Prx
    prognosis
  64. PA, Pa
    pathology
  65. Prognosis
    probable outcome
  66. Gastroenteritis
    Inflammation of the stomach and intestines
  67. Diagnosis
    Determine the cause of illness
  68. Syndrome
    A group of symptoms running together
  69. Gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  70. Appendectomy
    surgical removal of the appendix
  71. Neuritis
    inflammation of a nerve
  72. Gastrosis
    Abnormal condition of the stomach
  73. Myorrhexis
    Rupture of a muscle
  74. Gastralgia
    Stomach pain
  75. Pyroderma
    Feverish, warm skin
  76. Arteriosclerosis
    Abnormal hardening of the arteries
  77. Rhinorrhea
    Drainage from the nose (runny nose)
  78. Arthritis
    Inflammation of a joint
  79. Cardiotomy
    Surgical incision into the heart
  80. Arthralgia
    pain in a joint
  81. Dermatologist
    Physician who specializes in skin related diseases
  82. Neonatologist
    Physician who specializes in new born baby care
  83. Angiography
    Creating a radiographic image of vessels
  84. Arteriomalacia
    Abnormal softening of the arteries
  85. Abdominocentesis
    Puncturing the abdomen to collect fluid
  86. Pathology
    The study of disease
  87. Pyrosis
    An abnormal condition or feeling burning, such as heartburn
  88. Neuroplasty
    The surgical repair of a nerve
  89. Hemorrhage
    Heavy bleeding, bursting forth of blood
  90. Arterionecrosis
    The tissue death of an artery
  91. Hepatomegaly
    Enlarged liver
  92. Anatomic Reference
    To describe location of planes, directions and cavities
  93. Body Structures
    Cells, tissues, glands form body systems to enable proper body functions
  94. Genetics
    Genetic components that are transferred from parent to child
  95. Tissues
    Group of specialized cells working together to perform specific functions
  96. Glands
    Specialized cells capable of producing secretions
  97. Body Systems and Organs
    Parts of body performing specific functions, organized in the body by their function
  98. Pathology
    Study or nature and cause of disease that involve changes in structure and function
  99. aden/o
    gland
  100. adip/o
    fat
  101. anter/o
    front
  102. caud/o
    lower half of body
  103. cephal/o
    head
  104. cyt/o
    cell
  105. endo-
    inside
  106. exo-
    outside of
  107. hist/o
    tissue
  108. -ologist
    one who specializes
  109. -ology
    study of
  110. path/o
    disease, suffering, emotion
  111. -plasia
    formation
  112. poster/o
    back
  113. -stasis
    control
  114. dys-
    bad
  115. -oma
    tumor
  116. malacia-
    abnormal softening
  117. pan-
    entire
  118. ana-
    excessive
  119. physi-
    nature. Physical
  120. ventr/o
    belly side
  121. -ic, -al, -eal, -tics, -ose
    pertaining to
  122. homeo
    constant
  123. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  124. hypo-
    below or deficient
  125. epi-
    hyper-above
  126. lumb
    lower back
  127. ili-
    hipbone
  128. retro-
    behind
  129. periton
    peritoneum
  130. plasm
    formative material of cells
  131. gene
    producing
  132. a, an-
    without
  133. hyper-
    above or excessive
  134. sclerosis
    abnormal hardening
  135. carcin-
    cancer
  136. eti-
    origin
  137. dem
    population
  138. crine
    secrete
  139. Midsagittal Plane
    Divides the body equally in halves into the left and right side
  140. Coronal or Frontal Plane
    Divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
  141. Transverse Plane
    Divides the body in half at the waist into superior and inferior portions
    • 1-Coronal or Frontal Plane
    • 2-Midsagittal Plane
    • 3-Transverse Plane
    • 1. Superior (above)
    • 2. Cephalic (towards the head)
    • 3. Medial (towards the midline)
    • 4. Ventral (belly side)
    • 5. Distal (farthest from midline or beginning of structure)
    • 6. Lateral (away from midline)
    • 7. Caudal (towards the bottom)
    • 8. Dorsal (back side)
    • 9. Inferior (below)
    • 10. Proxminal (closest to midline or beginning of structure)
    • 1. Right Hypochondriac region
    • 2. Right lumbar region
    • 3. Right iliac region
    • 4. Hypogastric Region
    • 5. Left iliac region
    • 6. Left lumbar region
    • 7. Left hypochondriac region
    • 8. Epigastric region
    • 9. Umbilical region
  142. Anatomy
    Study of the structures of the body
  143. Physiology
    Study of the functions of the structures of the body
  144. Endemic
    Presence of disease within a population, group or area
  145. Epidemic
    Widespread outbreak of disease within a population, group or area
  146. Pandemic
    Outbreak of disease over a large geographic area, possibly world wide.
  147. Endocrine glands
    Glands secrete substances directly into the bloodstream
  148. Exocrine glands
    Glands secrete substances into ducts leading into organs or out of the body
  149. Waterborne
    Disease that is transmitted through contaminated water
  150. Airborne
    Disease that is transmitted through air droplets
  151. Vectorborne
    Disease that is transmitted through a bite of a vector
  152. Foodborne
    Disease that is transmitted through contaminated food
  153. Adenectomy
    Surgical removal of a gland
  154. Adenocarcinoma
    Glandular Cancer
  155. Adenoma
    Glandular tumor
  156. Adenomalacia
    Abnormal softening of a gland
  157. Adenosclerosis
    Abnormal hardening of a gland
  158. Hyperplasia
    Excessive formation of
  159. Aplasia
    Without formation
  160. Cytoplasm
    Cell formation
  161. Dysplasia
    Bad or abnormal development
  162. Etiology
    Study of the cause or origin of diseases
  163. Histology
    Study of tissue
  164. Homeostasis
    Maintaining a constant internal environment
  165. Hyperplasia
    Excessive formation
  166. Hypertrophy
    Excessive growth
  167. Hypergastric
    Above the stomach
  168. Hypoplasia
    Undergrowth, underdeveloped
  169. Inguinal
    Refers to the groin, entire lower area of the abdomen
  170. Peritoneum
    Membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and holds the organs in place
  171. Peritonitis
    Inflammation of the peritoneum
  172. Retroperitoneal
    Situated behind the peritoneum. Outside the peritoneum
  173. Umbilicus
    Referring to the belly button

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