tubes, abbreviations, and more

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studysuccess
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96378
Filename:
tubes, abbreviations, and more
Updated:
2011-09-01 21:52:30
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phlebotomy
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tube content,
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  1. additive in a black stopper?
    sodium citrate

    (p 216)
  2. blood to anticoagulant ratio is critical in _____ stopper colored tubes, because underfilled tubes prolong clotting time and can't be accepted for testing.
    light blue sodium citrate


    (p217)
  3. other words for precipitating calcium
    binding calcium, or chelating calcium

    (p 215)
  4. what additives binds calcium
    • -EDTA
    • -sodium citrate/ citrates
    • -potassium oxalate
  5. what do we do if microclots are detected in a hematology specimen?
    recollect because they can't be used for testing


    (p216)
  6. what additive inhibits thrombin formation
    heparin


    (p 217)
  7. what department does EDTA usually go to?
    hematology
  8. what department does sodium citrate go to?
    coagulation department
  9. preferred additive for potassium tests and why?
    heparinized plasma is preferred over serum, because when blood clots potassium is released from the serum and can falsely elevate results.

    (p 217)
  10. what department does heparin go to
    chemistry


    (p 217)
  11. which tube contains antiglycolytic agents
    grey
  12. what's the consequence of excess oxalate to blood ratio?
    helolysis of the blood
  13. glycolysis is
    the breakdown or metabolism of glucose. antiglycolitic agents (grey tubes) prevent glycolysis

    (p 218)
  14. sodium fluoride is the most common type of
    antiglycolytic (found in grey tube)
  15. what patients will glycolysis occur faster in?
    infants and patients with leukemia

    (p 219)
  16. tube used to collect ethanol specimen to prevent the decrease in alcohol concentration due to glycolysis or an increase in fermentation by bacteria?
    sodium fluoride in grey tube
  17. clot activators include
    silica found in glass and celite
  18. how fast does silica cause blood to clot
    15 - 30 minutes
  19. how fast does blood clot in tubes with the additive thrombin
    5 minutes
  20. how fast do gold plastic tubes or mottled red/grey tubes clot and why?
    5 minutes because they contain thrombin
  21. RST stands for
    rapid serum tubes
  22. PST stands for
    plasma-separator tubes
  23. PPT stands for
    plasma preparation tubes
  24. carryover means
    cross-contamination
  25. common anticoagulants (p215)
    • EDTA: Lavender tube
    • Sodium Citrate: Red tube
    • Heparin: Green tube
    • Oxalate: grey tube
  26. what tube must not be used for a lithium levels?
    lithium heparin (green tube),
  27. what can not be used to collect sodium specimens or electrolyte panels?
    sodium heparin, because sodium is part of the panel

    (p 218)
  28. Light blue stopper contains
    sodium citrate

    goes to hematology deparmtnet

    • Used for:
    • -(D-D1) D-Dimer
    • -(DIC pahel vials) Disseminated intravascular coagulation panel
    • -Factor assay
  29. green tubes contain
    sodium heparin or *lithium heparin are anticoagulants

    goes to chemistry department

    • Used for:
    • -Plasma: (BMP) Basic Metabolic Panel
    • -Plasma: (ALP) alkaline phosphate
    • - Plasma: (CEA) Carcinoembryonic antigen
  30. Green marble and mint colored tubes have ____ aditive
    Lithium heparin + thixotropic gel
  31. grey tubes contain
    sodium fluoride and potassium oxilate

    Goes to Chemistry department

    • used for:
    • Serum: (ETOH) Alcohol (blood)
    • Plasma: (Lact) Lactic acid (blood lactate)
    • Plasma: (FBS) Glucose, fasting
  32. Red/black combo AKA red marble, red and gold tubes contain
    Thixotropic Gel and clot activator

    goes to Chemistry department

    • Used for:
    • -serum: cortisol, timed
    • -Drug monitoring
    • -Serum: Electrolytes
    • -Serum: (GGT or GT) Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase
  33. red plastic tubes contain
    clot activator
  34. red glass tubes contain
    no additive. Glass is a natural clot activator
  35. Lavender tubes contain
    EDTA

    goes to hematology lab

    • used for:
    • -CBC
    • -Antibody screen
    • -blood group &Rh type
  36. ASCP
    American Society for Clinical Pathology
  37. MSDS
    Material safety data sheet
  38. PPE
    Personal protective equipment
  39. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration,
  40. CDC
    Centers for Disease Control
  41. HIV
    Human immunodeficiency virus
  42. NFPA
    National Fire Protection Association
  43. BBP
    Blood Born Pathogen
  44. NAACLS
    American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science
  45. test priority
    • routine general testing stable patients.
    • -STAT- immediate
    • -Timed (ten minute window)
    • -ASAP: inpatient has 2 hour Turn around time (TAT) outpatient has one business day
  46. gas exchange in the lungs
    RBC's transport CO2 to the lungs where CO2 is exchanged for O2. Both are bound in the RBC to a molecule coated in Hemoglobin
  47. hemoglobin is
    iron and protein
  48. how to check ID
    • -name DOB and spell last name
    • -bracelet
  49. needle size and color
    • 21 green
    • 22 black
    • 23 blue
  50. ETS
    Evacuated Tube System.
  51. order of draw for dermal puncture
    • blood gas specimens (CBGs)
    • lavender
    • other anticoagulants
    • red series
  52. equipment for dermal puncture
    • -lancet
    • -mucrocollection container
    • -microhematocrite tubes and sealants
  53. location of dermal puncture on adult
    • palmar surface of distal or end segment of middle or ring finger on nondominant hand.
    • central, fleshy area to the side of the center perpendicular to grooves in the whorls.
  54. neurtophilis fight
    bacterial infections
  55. lymphocytes fight
    viril infections
  56. monocytes role?
    clean up after other cells
  57. eosinophil
    phagocytes in tissue
  58. basophils
    are present during an allergic reaction
  59. tests affected by povidone-iodine
    • BURPP:
    • bilirubin, uric acid, phosphorus, & potassium
  60. location of dermal puncture on infant
    (Max depth, and preference on newborns)
    • "Make Little People Happy"
    • Medial, Lateral, Plantar, Heal,
    • (2.0mm, 0.85mm).`

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