Microbiology Chapt. 24

The flashcards below were created by user jessebuck90 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Where in the kidney is blood initially filtered to form urine?
    A. efferent arterioles
    B. the renal pyramids
    C. the renal capsule
    D. the nephron
    E. the collecting duct
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. All of the following can cause urinary tract infections EXCEPT:
    A. Klebsiella
    B. Proteus
    C. Pseudomonas
    D. E. coli
    E. Leptospira
    E.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following structures allows fetal blood vessels to exchange nutrients and wastes with the mother’s blood vessels?
    A. the uterus
    B. the cervix
    C. the clitoris
    D. the uterine tubes
    E. the placenta
    E.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Leptospira interrogans gets its name from
    A. the presence of two axial filaments, each of which is anchored at one end
    B. the fact that one end of the spirochete is curved like a question mark
    C. its corkscrew movement
    D. its ability to infect many wild and domestic animals
    E. its spiral shape
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Mature sperm cells are stored in a male’s
    A. prostate gland
    B. prepuce
    C. epididymis
    D. vas deferens
    E. testes
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The majority of cases of staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome occur in
    A. uncircumcised males
    B. newly delivered mothers
    C. nasal surgery patients
    D. anyone with an S. aureus infection
    E. menstruating women
    E.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. At what age is a young female most susceptible to urinary tract infections?
    A. 12 years old
    B. 18 years old
    C. 3 years old
    D. at birth
    E. 10 years old
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. All of the following are true statements concerning bacterial vaginosis EXCEPT:
    A. it occurs when the normal microbiota of the vagina are replaced
    B. it is not known to be sexually transmitted
    C. it occurs when the vaginal pH becomes more acidic
    D. “Clue cells” are important in the diagnosis
    E. it is characterized by a white discharge with a “fishy” odor
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Candidiasis is what type of infection?
    A. spirochete
    B. protozoan
    C. yeast
    D. viral
    E. bacterial
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following is associated with Candida infections?
    A. gummas
    B. lymphogranuloma venereum
    C. reticulate bodies
    D. pelvic inflammatory disease
    E. pseudohyphae
    E.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Neisseria gonorrhoeae most commonly infects which of the following in females?
    a. the uterus/uterine tubes
    b. the vagina
    c. the cervix
    d. the fallopian tubes
    e. the ovaries
    c or d
  12. All of the following are true statements concerning syphilis EXCEPT:
    A. latency of the disease by last more than 10 years
    B. the causative agent cannot survive in the environment
    C. the causative agent lives only in humans
    D. untreated, the disease goes through three phases
    E. penicillin G is the drug of choice for most phases of the disease
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The typical sign of primary syphilis is
    A. paralysis
    B. a chancre at the site of infection
    C. a widespread rash
    D. gummas in various organs
    E. lymphadenopathy
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. All of the following are signs and symptoms of secondary syphilis EXCEPT:
    A. sore throat
    B. lymphadenopathy
    C. dementia
    D. myalgia
    E. a widespread rash
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Syphilis can be transmitted
    A. from mother to fetus
    B. A, B, and C
    C. by fomites
    D. both A and B
    E. by sexual contact
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The noninfective, obligate intracellular forms of chlamydia are called
    A. elementary bodies
    B. glomerular capsules
    C. reticulate bodies
    D. pseudohyphae
    E. phagosomes
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The most common sexually transmitted bacterium in the United States is
    a. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    b. Haemophilus ducreyi
    c. Treponema pallidum
    d. Chlamydia trachomatis
    e. Mycoplasma hominis
    d.
  18. In addition to the genital tract, various strains of Chlamydia trachomatis can infect which of the following?
    A. A, B, and C
    B. the conjunctiva
    C. both A and C
    D. the lungs
    E. lymph nodes
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Chancroid (soft genital ulcers) is caused by
    a. herpes simplex virus type 2
    b. Trichomonas vaginalis
    c. Haemophilus ducreyi
    d. Treponema pallidum
    e. Mycoplasma hominis
    c.
  20. The major sign of H. ducreyi infection is most like the major sign of infections of which of the following?
    A. S. aureus
    B. T. pallidum
    C. N. gonorrhoeae
    d. C. albicans
    e. C trachomatis
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A diagnosis of genital herpes is confirmed by the
    A. detection of herpesvirus DNA by PCR
    B. appearance and size of herpetic lesions
    C. appearance of stained tissue specimens
    D. location of herpetic lesions
    E. binding of fluorescent antibodies
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. All of the following are effective ways to prevent transmission of genital herpes EXCEPT:
    A. all of these are effective ways to prevent transmission
    B. prophylactic administration of acyclovir
    C. sexual abstinence
    D. delivery of a newborn by cesarean section
    E. use of a condom during intercourse
    E.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Pap smears are used in the diagnosis of
    A. chancroid
    B. cervical cancer
    C. trichomoniasis
    D. genital herpes
    E. tertiary syphilis
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Condylomata acuminata (precancerous genital warts) are associated with infections of which of the following?
    a. Trichomonas vaginalis
    b. herpes simplex virus type 1
    c. papillomaviruses
    d. herpes simplex virus type 2
    e. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    c.
  25. Of the four stages of syphilis, which one is caused by the immune system's reaction to the disease?
    A. primary
    B. tertiary
    C. latent
    D. secondary
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Streptococcal acute glomerulonephritis is caused by the accumulation of antigen-antibody complexes in the golmeruli and nephrons. Which group of streptococci are responsible for this disease?
    a. group A
    b. group B
    c. group C
    d. group D
    a.
  27. Which organism is normally found in the vaginal microbiota and when present, helps to control the growth of Candida albicans?
    A. lactobacillus species
    B. Group A streptococci
    C. N. Gonorrheae
    d. Leptospira interrogans
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which major pathogen is most frequently found on "clue cells" associated with bacterial vaginosis?
    a. Gardnerella vaginalis
    b. Leptospira interrogans
    c. Treponema pallidum
    d. Chlamydia trachomatis
    a.
  29. All of the following are true concerning the spread of STDs EXCEPT:
    A. the incidence of STDs worldwide is decreasing
    B. presence of lesions from STDs are a risk factor for transmission of HIV
    C. femal adolescents are at risk due to the cervical lining is prone to bacterial infection
    D. condoms must be used properly and consistently to provide protection
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. All of the following statements concerning manifestation of gonorrhea in women are true EXCEPT:
    A. can result in PID, ectopic pregnancy, and sterility
    B. infection of children can occur during childbirth
    C. causes urethral inflammation and painful urination
    D. can infect the cervix and uterine tubes
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author
ID
96471
Card Set
Microbiology Chapt. 24
Description
Quiz chapter 24
Updated
Show Answers