The front of the hull. In most boats this is pointed
The back of the hull
The wide, flat, vertical surface of the stern
A short (less than 10') sailboat with a squared-off bow
A small pram for training young people
A small pram for training young people
The volume of water the boat occupies, equal to its weight
An imaginary line circumscribing the hull that matches the surface of the water when the hull is not moving
An underwater fin that pivots up and down and helps prevent the boat from slipping sideways through the water
An underwater fin that can be raised vertically and helps prevent the boat from slipping sideways through the water
A centerboard attached to the side of the boat
A fixed fin that provides ballast for stability as well as preventing the boat from slipping sideways through the water
A fin used to steer the boat
An arm used to control the rudder
An arm used to extend the tiller so the helmsman can reach more of the boat while retaining control of the rudder
A pin or bolt inserted into a gudgeon to hold the rudder in place
A circular fitting that accepts a pintle and holds the rudder to the boat
What part of the boat is this?
What is the job of the keel?
Provides ballast, stability, and prevents the boat from sliding through the water sideways
What kind of boats use a movable keel?
What kind of moveable keel pivots?
What kind of moveable keel slides up and down?
What controls the rudder in a dinghy?
What is the name of the person who steers the boat?
It is comprised of the mast, boom and one or more sail(s)
What is the rig's job?
To harness the wind and convert its force into drive to push the boat forward
What is the name of the system of wires that support the mast?
What is the name of the ropes that hoist and control the sails?
What are the pullyes and pully systems knows as?
Blocks and tackles
What is the left side of the boat called?
What is the right side of the boat called?
What is the back of the boat called?
What is the flat, vertical surface of the stern called?
In small boats the length of wood or aluminium used to control the angle of the rudder
The large triangular sail set behind the mast.
A triangular sail at the front of the boat- attached to the bow and hoisted in front of the mast.
A wire that runs from the bow to the mast to support the mast.
The upright pole that supports the sails
Wires on the port and starbord sides that support the mast
Horizontal pole to which the foot of the mainsail is attached
What part of the boat is this?
They are used to hoist the sails; they exit the mast near the bottom.
The rope used to pull in or let out the mainsail.
Top corner of the sail
Aft edge of the sail
Bottom forward corner of the sail
Front leading edge of the sail
Bottom edge of the sail
Bottom aft of the sail
Additional curved area on the leach of the sail, outside a straight line from the head to the clew
Rope that adjusts tension in the mainsail foot
Away from the wind, downwind
Leeward (pronounced lew-ard)
Towards the wind, upwind
Behind the boat
In front of the boat
Name two lines on a sailboat that are part of the standing rigging
Name the three corners of a triangular sail
Clockwise from top: Head, tack, clew
Name the three sides of a triangular sale
Clockwise from front: luff, foot, leech
Name three things that may help you identify wind direction
Flags, smoke, feel of wind on your face and hair, wind ripples on the water, boats swinging on moorings
When you are sailing, are you feeling true or apparent wind?
The combination of true wind and the wind generated by the forward motion of the boat.
In what direction should a boat be pointed when raising the sail?
Into the wind.
What are halyards used for?
To raise or lower a sail.
What are sheets used for?
A line to pull in or let out a sail.
To turn a boat into the wind, should you push or pull the tiller?
What is the best knot to use as a stopper in the end of a jib sheet
Figure-8 stopper knot
What is the "glide" distance of a boat?
The distance a sailboat takes to come to a stop after turning into the no-go zone or letting out all the sails.
What is the best action to take if you are approaching a dock with too much speed?
Push the tiller toward the dock, turn around, and try again.
What are the five points of sail?
Close hauled (beating), close reach, beam reach, broad reach, run
Does a boat on a port tack or a starboard tack have the right of way?
Does a power boat or a sailboat have the right of way? What are the exceptions?
Exceptions are: a large powered vessel in a small channel, a vessel under tow, or when a sailboat is under motorized power
What are the three commands used during a tacking maneuver?
Skipper: "Ready to come about" or "Ready about"
Skipper: "Helms a lee" or "Go"
Describe the steps of a tacking maneuver
Ensure the area in front of the boat is clear
Ensure you have sufficient forward speed to make the turn
Move the tiller 45 degrees (half way) toward the sail
As the boom crosses thee boat, step across the boat facing forward
Reach sheet hand (still holding the sheet) behind back and grab the tiller, trapping the main sheet on the tiller
Turn body and take main sheet with empty hand
Adjust heading, center tiller, and adjust sail for new tack.
Name three of the crew's responsibilities
Balancing the boat
Trimming the job by tending the jib sheets
Maintain a lookout
Notify the skipper if the jib is luffing
Any Skipper requests
What are some of the actions that could cause a boat to capsize?
Sudden, unexpected gust of wind
Turning too quickly in heavy wind
Poorly executed gybe
Letting go of the tiller or main sheet
Broken tiller or hiking strap
What is the most important safety rule after capsizing?
Stay with the boat
How can you get a boat out of irons
For a catboat: Turn the sail and tiller in the direction you wish to sail. When the wind is coming across the beam, center the tiller and sheet the sail.
For a sloop: Back the jib to the side of the boat opposite the direction you want to sail. When the boat comes off center, change the jib to the same side of the boat as the mainsail
What are the three commands of a jibing maneuver?
Skipper: "Prepare to jibe"
Skipper: "Jibe ho" or "Ok"
What is an accidental jibe?
When the wind shifts or the stern of the boat unexpectedly passes through the eye of the wind causing the boom to swing violently to the other side of the boat.
When it might not be safe to jibe, what other options do you have?
What does the mainsheet do?
The mainsheet is used to trim the mainsail
What does the rudder do?
The rudder is used to steer the boat
What does the tiller/wheel do?
It controls the turn of the rudder.
What does the boomvang do?
It's used to keep the boom from rising up under pressure and also pulls down on the foot of the sail to tighten up the mainsail in high winds.
What is the boom topping lift?
The boom topping lift is used to support the boom when the sail is lowered.
What is a jib sheet?
Jib sheets are used to control the shape of the jib.
What is a halyard?
A halyard is a line used to raise and lower a sail.
What is a winch?
A winch is a device that provides a mechanical advantage for pulling in a line under pressure.
What is a fairlead?
A fairlead is a device used to guide a line (or lead) to keep it from getting tangled (keep it fair). A tangled lead is called "fouled". A fairlead keeps a lead fair.
What is a padeye?
A padeye is a device that can be used as an attachment point or a fairlead for very shallow angles. It is usually attached to a deck or a spar.
What is a downhaul?
A downhaul is line which exerts downward force on a spar or a sail. The Cunningham is a downhaul on the mainsail.
What is an outhaul?
The outhaul is used to pull the sail back to tighten it up in light winds.
What is the cunningham?
The cunningham is a downhaul on the tack of the sail that changes the shape of the mainsail.
What are stays or shrouds?
Shrouds are pieces of the standing rigging which hold up the mast from side to side.
What is a shackle?
A shackle is a u-shaped piece of metal secured with a clevis pin across the opening. They are used for connecting pieces of rigging.
What are telltails?
Telltails are cloth or fabric indicator affixed to a sail which indicate correct or incorrect air flow. They are used when trimming the sail.
What is a spring line?
A spring line is a mooring line used to keep the boat from moving forward or backwards when moored or to aid in swinging away from the dock when departing. A spring line that attaches to the bow is an aft spring line as it pulls the bow backwards. A spring line that attaches to the stern is a fore spring line as it pulls the stern forward.
What is a breast line?
A breast line is used to hold the boat close to the pier. It runs perpendicular to the dock.
What are fenders?
Fenders are cushions to keep the boat from making contact with the dock.
What are cleats?
Cleats are fixtures that are used to prevent a line from releasing.
Port is the left side of the boat facing the bow.
Starboard is the right side of the boat facing the bow.
The skipper is the captain of the boat; the person in charge of the vessel, its crew, and passengers.
Helmsman is the person steering the boat.
Crew is someone other than the skipper charged with the operation of the boat.
Toward the bow of the boat.
Toward the stern of the boat.
Define coming about.
Coming about is a tacking maneuver when the bow of the boat makes a turn through the eye of the wind.
A gybe is a turning maneuver in which the stern of the boat passes through the eye of the wind.
Define running rigging.
Running rigging is the rigging used for raising, lowering, and controlling the sails.
Define standing rigging.
Standing rigging is the term for the rigging lines or wires that support the mast(s) and keep it in place.
Heel means that the boat is leaning under the force of the wind.
Ahead means off the bow of the boat.
Abeam means toward the beam or side of the boat.
Astern means behind the boat.
Windward is the side of the boat the wind is approaching from.
Leeward is the side of the boat opposite the direction the wind is coming from.