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A protein released by some bacteria that inhibits the growth of other strains of the same or closely related species.
A plasmid that directs production of a bacteriocin
- A virus that infects bacteria
The identification of the sequence of genes in a chromosome.
A group of genetically identical cells descending froma single parent cell.
A protein released by some strains or E coli that inhibits growth of other strains of the same organism.
A protein released into the medium that facilitates the uptake of DNA into a bacterial cell.
The transfer of genetic information from one bacterial cell to another by means of conjugation pili.
The exchange of information between two ciliates.
A molecule that displaces (removes) gene(s) from a chromosome
A breif electric pulse produces temporary pores in the cell membrane, allowing entrance of vectors carrying forgein DNA
Cell having an F plamid
called donor or male cell
Cells lacking the F plasmid
called recipient or female cell
A bridge formed from an F1 cell to an F2 cell for conjugation