Law & Ethics Medical Career Vocab: A-B

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  1. Abandonment
    The suspension of treatment of a patient without justification and proper notification
  2. Acceptance
    Agreement to an offer as stated in a contract
  3. Access
    The availability of health care and the mean to purchase health care services
  4. Accessory
    One who contributes to or aids in the commission of a crime, either by direct or indirect act
  5. Accomplice
    One who directly participates in the commission of a crime
  6. Accreditation
    Official authorization or approval for conforming to a specified standard
  7. Active Euthanasia
    A conscious medical act that results in death
  8. Administer
    To instill a drug into the body of a patient
  9. Administrative Law
    Enabling statutes enacted to define powers and procedures when a agency is created
  10. Advance Directive
    A Document that makes ones wishes known concerning medical life-support measures in the event that one is unable to speak for oneself
  11. Adverse Event
    Any patient-involving, unforeseen, damaging event occurring within a medical facility
  12. Affidavit
    A sworn, written statement made under oath or an affirmation before an authorized magistrate or officer of the court
  13. Affirmative Defenses
    Defenses used by defendants in medical profewssional liablility suit that allow the sccused to present factual evidence that the oatients condition was caused by some factor other than the defendants negligence
  14. Affirmatrive Action
    Programs that use goals and quotas to provide preferential treatment for minority persons determined to have been underutilized in the past
  15. Age Discrimination in Employment Act
    A federal act passed in 1967 making it illegal for employers with 20 or more employees working at least 20 weeks a year to discriminate against worker aged 40 years or older
  16. Age of Majority
    The age at which full civil rights are accored
  17. Agency
    The relationship between a principal and hir/her agent
  18. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
    The lead federal agency responsible for tracking and improving the quality, safety,efficiency, adn effectiveness of health care for america
  19. Agent
    One who acts for or represents another. In performing workplace duties, the employee acts as the agent, or authorized representative, of the employer.
  20. Allopathic
    Literally, "different suffering"; referring to the medical philosophy that dictates training physicians to intervene in the disease process, through the use of drugs and surgery.
  21. Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
    Settlement of civil disputes between parties using neutral mediators or arbitrators without going to court
  22. Ambulatory Care Setting
    Medical care provided in a facility such as a medical office, clinic, or outpatient surgical center for patients who can walk and are not bedridden
  23. Amendments to the Older Americans Act
    A 1987 federal act that defines elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation, but does not deal with enforcement
  24. American Medical Association Principles
    A code of ethics for members of the American Medical Association written in 1847
  25. Americans With Disabilities Act
    Applying to employers with 15 or more employees who work at least 20 weeks a year, Titles I and III of this act took effect in January 1992 and lessened discrimination toward the disabled in the workplace and mandated full access in all public places
  26. Amniocentesis
    A test whereby the physician withdraws a sample of amniotic fluid (the fluid surrounding the developing fetus inside the mother's womb) from the uterus of a pregnant woman. The fluid is then tested for genetic or other conditions that may lead to abnormal development of the fetus
  27. Anesthesiologist Assistant
    Assists the anesthesiologist in developing and implementing an anesthesia care plan. Duties can include preoperative and postoperative tasks, as well as operating room assistance
  28. Appeals Phase
    The phase of a trial, after the verdict, during which appeals may be submitted
  29. Arbitration
    The hearing and determination of a case in controversy by a third party, chosen by the parties concerned or appointed under statutory authority
  30. Arraigned
    The process by which a person charged with a crime is allowed to answer the indictment in court by pleading guilty, not guilty, or nolo contendere
  31. Artificial Insemination
    The mechanical injection of viable semen into the vagina
  32. Assault
    The open threat of bodily harm to someone
  33. Associate Practice
    A medical management system in which two or more physicians share office space and employees but practice individually
  34. Assumption of Risk
    A legal defense that holds the defendant is not guilty of a negligent act, since the plaintiff knew of and accepted beforehand any risks involved
  35. Athletic Trainer
    Works with attending and/or consulting physicians as an integral part of the health care team associated with physical training and sports
  36. Audiologist
    A health care practitioner who is educated in the science of hearing and is qualified to test patients' hearing and to prescribe some types of therapy for hearing problems
  37. Autopsy
    A postmortem examination to determine the cause of death or to obtain physiological evidence, as in the case of a suspicious death
  38. Baby Boom Generation
    Those individuals born between 1946 and 1964
  39. Battery
    Any bodily contact without permission
  40. Bioethics
    A discipline dealing with the ethical implications of biological research methods and results, especially in medicine
  41. Bilateral Agreement
    An agreement between two parties that is mutually acceptable
  42. Bioethicists
    Specialists who consult with physicians, researchers, and others to help them make difficult ethical decisions regarding patient care
  43. Biotechnology
    Applied biological science
  44. Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
    The authority by which OSHA can levy fines, based upon guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control
  45. Brain Death
    Final cessation of bodily activity, used to determine when death actually occurs; circulatory and respiratory functions have irreversibly ceased, and the entire brain (including the brain stem) has irreversibly ceased to function
  46. Breach of Confidentiality
    Failure to keep private information entrusted to a health care professional by a patient
  47. Breach of Contract
    Failure of either party to comply with the terms of a legally valid contract
  48. Burden of Proof
    The task of presenting testimony to prove guilt or innocence in a trial
Card Set:
Law & Ethics Medical Career Vocab: A-B
2011-08-10 19:46:11
Law Ethics Medical Career Vocab

Vocab A,B
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