Origins- Europe and the NetherlandsMarkings- White and black, white and redSize- Largest of the dairy breeds. Adults weigh around 1500 pounds at maturity.Personality- Bulls can be very aggressiveProduction-
High producing animals (highest of all dairy breeds). Normal productive
span is around 6 years (shorter span than a lot of other cows)
Origins- Island of Jersey (small British island off of the coast of France). Known in England since 1771.
Markings- Range in color from a very light gray to a very dark fawn may be solid colored or have a broken pattern solid fawn colored have black muzzle and deer eyes.
Size- Generally a small breed, around 800 pounds Americanized breeds can be larger (around 1200 pounds)
Personality- More nervous than other breeds but still fairly docile. Jersey bulls are known for having the worst temperament of the common cattle breeds.
Production- Considering size, productivity is good
produce milk with the highest milk fat %
Origins- Dates back to 960 A.D. from the Isle of Guernsey off of the coast of France in the English Channel. First came to America in 1840
Size- Medium sized, brownish in color. Slightly
smaller than Holsteins
Personality- is gentle, docile and easy to manage
Production- Does well set out on pasture. Does
not consume as much as other breeds, econimical. Tolerates heat better than other breeds
Origins- Switzerland. Prominent among dairy breeds in the first half of 19th century. Crossed
with a breed from Austria to improve line. First
came to US in 1869
Markings- Brown. May have a colored streak down the back (possible remnant of Austrian breed?)
Size- Medium. Slightly smaller than Holstein
Personality- Quiet temperament
Production- Hardy and good in all climates. Known
for having strong feet and legs
Origins- Ayr County Scotland prior to 1880. Believed to be a cross between many breeds and native cattle.
Markings- Redand white. Reds vary from very light to very dark. Patterns vary from almost all red to almost all white. Purebreds will only produce red and white offspring.
Size- Medium, weigh over 1200 pounds at
maturity. Same as Guernsey.
Production- Very hardy, do well in all sorts of
production settings. Calves are strong, easy to raise. Few breeds can match their ability to forage for themselves under adverse conditions.
Origins- One of the oldest recognized breeds in the world. First imported to the US from England in 1783. Sometimes referred to as Durhams.
Markings- Red, red & white, white or roan
Production- Very hardy, easy to keep. Calves are very strong and vigorous.
Origins- Holland, 1750’s.
Markings- Dark with a white band through mid section.
Personality-Quiet, gentle and friendly.
Production-Known for longevity.
Origins- Old breed (over a thousand years) from Scottland.
Markings-Solid black, though a recessive gene can cause red. May have small amount of white on underline. Polled breed.
Production- Because of being polled, they are used as a genetic dehorner. Popular Japanese beef source.
Used widely in crossbreeding to improve carcass quality and milking ability.
Origins- Considered the sacred cattle of India. Many Hindus will not eat their meat or allow them to be slaughtered.
Markings- Large hump over shoulders (Bos indicus
breed). Horns usually curve upwards. Have large dewlap and large, floppy ears. Secrete oily secretion that produces a musky odor. It is said that it repels insects. Vary in color from light gray to almost black. A majority of the breed is a light to medium gray.