Chinese

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Author:
brettfrett
ID:
96940
Filename:
Chinese
Updated:
2011-08-13 04:01:43
Tags:
music
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  1. qin/guqin
    • Chinese
    • 7 string zither, NO frets or bridges, instrument of prestige (the literati)
  2. Abing (Hua Yanjun; “Blind Abing)
    • Musician
    • from Wuxi, trained in Taoist Music

    • ♦became blind, which lead to becoming a public performer
    • &
    • beggar
    • very influential musician and composer
    • “The Moon Reflected on the Second Springs” example

    • (record
    • in 1950, the year of his death)
  3. Jiangnan sizhu
    • Jiangnan = “south
    • of the river,”referring to the Yangzi river valley & Sizhu
  4. Jiangnan = “south
    of the river,”referring to the Yangzi river valley & Sizhu
    • late 19th century origins

    • ♦ typically
    • performed in tea houses

    • ♦ some
    • merchant class patrons

    • ♦ amateur
    • musicians

    • neighborhood groups

    • ♦ ba duqu (eight great pieces/mother
    • tunes); core repertoire

    • heterophonic texture
  5. ba duqu
    • (eight
    • great pieces/mother tunes); core repertoire of Jiangnan Sizhu
  6. zheng
    • Chinese “Silk”
    • Instrument; zither with bridges, many ornaments produced by nonplucking hand;
    • modern descendent of qin
  7. nonplucking hand;
    modern descendent of qin
    • 2 string fiddle;
    • played by Abing
  8. pipa
    • Chinese pear shaped
    • lute
  9. dizi and xiao
    • Chinese
    • bamboo instruments
    • dizi - flute with interior membrane to add timbre

    • ♦ xiao -
    • end-blown flute
  10. Sheng
    • Chinese
    • bamboo instrument; mouth/cluster organ
  11. Jingju
    • Beijing
    • Opera (lit. “Capital City Opera,” formerly known as “Peking Opera.”
    • ♦ Chinese drama with music
    • ancient, Jingju fairly recent

    • ♦ subject matter – stories of gods,
    • emperors, generals of past dynasties, etc.
  12. Sona
    • shawm,
    • used in folk music
  13. Cultural Revolution
    • Revolution - • Mao Zedong’s “comeback”

    • • radical and extreme Chinese reform movement
    • from 1966-76

    • • Carried out by “Red Guard,” primarily
    • students

    • climate of persecution

    • public humiliation “struggles”

    • • movement
    • against the “four olds” of “the exploiting classes”: old

    • customs, old
    • habits, old culture, old “thinking”

    • • “four olds”
    • broadened

    • • anti-Western,
    • anti-intellectual, anti-elite; universities/schools

    closed

    • • some ancient
    • artworks destroyed

    • • Western
    • influences shunned

    • • any Chinese
    • culture perceived as old, hierarchical, immoral, or

    • religious is
    • banned

    • ·
    • propaganda campaigns

    • ·
    • The personality cult of Mao

    • ·
    • “Little Red Book” (anthology of Mao
    • quotations)

    • ·
    • “big character” Poster Art
  14. Didactic Music
    music designed to instruct, particularly to inculcate

    morals or values
  15. Eight model works - “Eight Great Works”
    • • 5
    • Model/Revolutionary Operas, 2 Revolutionary Ballets, 1 revolutionary symphony
  16. Jiang Qing
    • south of river
    • silk and bamboo ensemble
  17. Yangbanxi
    • revolutionary Beijing Opera
    • political,
    • didactic plots

    • Clearly delineated characters

    • • Inclusion of Western symphonic
    • instruments

    • dominated musical landscape

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