Substance Related Disorder

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  1. Substance Use Disorders
    • Abuse - these are viewed as less severe, continue use knowing it is causing harm (does not apply to caffeine and nicotine)
    • Dependence - needs to take larger amounts with unsuccessful attempts to quit.
  2. Substance Induced Disorders
    Intoxication - the development of a substance specific (reversible) syndrome, condition related to recent ingestion of psychoactive substance.

    Withdrawal - maladaptive cogntive and behavioral; declines due to reduction of a substance; generally, this category is usually associated with dependency. The two substance most problematic in withdrawla are alcohol and heroin.
  3. Substances are associated with:
    • Abuse
    • Dependence
    • Intoxication
    • Withdrawal
  4. There are Eleven classes of Substances:
    • 1. alcohol
    • 2. amphetamines
    • 3. caffeine
    • 4. hallucinogens
    • 5. inhalants
    • 6. nicotine
    • 7. opioids
    • 8. phencyclidine (PCP)
    • 9. sedatives
    • 10. hypnotics
    • 11. anxiolytics

    In polysubstance dependence criteria for dependence is not met, the client abuses more than one substance and takes them together.

    Always list the substances when it is known.
Card Set:
Substance Related Disorder
2011-08-13 19:40:47
Substance Use Disorders

Abuse & Dependence
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