Substance Related Disorder
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Substance Use Disorders
- Abuse - these are viewed as less severe, continue use knowing it is causing harm (does not apply to caffeine and nicotine)
- Dependence - needs to take larger amounts with unsuccessful attempts to quit.
Substance Induced Disorders
Intoxication - the development of a substance specific (reversible) syndrome, condition related to recent ingestion of psychoactive substance.
Withdrawal - maladaptive cogntive and behavioral; declines due to reduction of a substance; generally, this category is usually associated with dependency. The two substance most problematic in withdrawla are alcohol and heroin.
Substances are associated with:
There are Eleven classes of Substances:
- 1. alcohol
- 2. amphetamines
- 3. caffeine
- 4. hallucinogens
- 5. inhalants
- 6. nicotine
- 7. opioids
- 8. phencyclidine (PCP)
- 9. sedatives
- 10. hypnotics
- 11. anxiolytics
In polysubstance dependence criteria for dependence is not met, the client abuses more than one substance and takes them together.
Always list the substances when it is known.
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