Card Set Information

2011-08-16 17:26:32

Essentials Exam 1
Show Answers:

  1. Normal respiration rate for adult?
    12-20 bpm
  2. Normal pulse rate for an adult?
  3. When is temporal pulse rate taken?
    If radial pulse is unavailable and its most often used on children.
  4. What is apical PMI pulse rate?
    PMI- point of maximal impulse
  5. Relationship between digoxin and apical PMI?
    Apical pmi should be assessed before admin digoxin because digoxin makes the heart stronger by lowering the heart rate.
  6. Brachial pulse site
    measure BP and its was identifies cardiac arrest in infants.
  7. Pulse deficit
    heart not pumping hard enough to access all areas. most commonly seen in the foot.. if the apical pulse is greateter than the radial pulse
  8. Pulse sites use to assess circulation in LE
    femoral and popliteal
  9. What is stroke vol.?
    What is the normal values for men and women?
    • measure of blood that enters the aorta with each ventricular contraction.
    • men: 500mL or 5L
    • women: 400ml or 4.5L
  10. Formula for cardiac output?
    Stroke volume x heart rate.
  11. Systole
    depolarization. ventricles contract to eject blood.
  12. diastole
    ventricles are relaxed and no blood is being rejected. repolarization. primarily a represenation of peripheral vascular resistance.
  13. hyperprexia temp
  14. Diagnosis components
    diagnosis label, definition, related factors, risk factors, defining characteristics
  15. What method is moist heat application
    sitz bath
  16. Interventions helpful in preventing pressure ulcers
    Flex hips and knees, pillow in between clients legs, support back with a pillow
  17. which minerals support growth?
    zinz, copper and iron
  18. Normal Hbg for men & women
    • men: 13-18
    • women: 12- 16
  19. What test diagnoses blood transfusion? and what level do you need a blood trans?
    hemoglobin... anything less than 8... at 9 get the BT ready.
  20. Normal hematocrit levels
    • Men: 47-49%
    • woman: 36-46%
  21. Guiac stool methodology
    test to assess occult blood
  22. Ejection fraction and what is the normal function?
    • how much blood % leaves our of the ventricle under pressure.
    • normal value is 55-65%
  23. What will a radionuclide image reveal?
    congenital abnormalities, lesions, skeletal changes, infections, gland/organ enlargement.
  24. What is a holter monitor?
    wear a device for 24 hours and record palpatations/odd feelings when the patient presses the button.
  25. thallium stress test
    simulates exercise on the heart.