Vet tech pharmacology review

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roldan.ed
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96976
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Vet tech pharmacology review
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2011-08-13 21:42:01
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Vet tech pharmacology review
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Vet tech pharmacology review
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  1. What is the chemical name of a drug?
    the name that describes the molecular structure of a drug these names are scientifically very accurate but they are complex and are impractical for use in clinical settings
  2. What is the code or Laboratory name of a drug
    The name given to a drug by the research and development investigators it is used for communication between research teams and consist of abbreviations and code numbers
  3. What is a compendial drug name
    The name listed in the United States pharmacopeia
  4. What is an official drug name
    The official name is usually the same as the compendial or generic name
  5. What is the proprietary or trade name
    The name chosen by the manufacturing company. on drug container labels and packages inserts the proprietary name can be distinguished by a superscript R with the circle around it after the name
  6. What is a generic drug name
    A generic drug name is a common name chosen by the company . It is not the exclusive right of the company
  7. What is the percentage of the total dose that ultimately reaches the bloodstream
    Bioavailabilty
  8. True or false cholinergic agents cause vasodilation
    False
  9. What are the effects of cholinergic agents
    Cholinergic agents slow the heart rate increase blood flow to the intestinal tract and decrease diameter of the bronchioles
  10. What nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug is extremely toxic to cats
    Acetaminophen
  11. What is the most common adverse side effects of aminoglycoside antimicrobials
    Nephrooxicity and ototoxicity
  12. True or false are bacteria resistant to many tetracyclines
    True
  13. To what other drug class is a cephalosporin class drug closely related
    Penicillins
  14. Because of the manner in which they are excreted sulfonamides are often effective against infections of
    The urinary tract
  15. They use of fluoroquinolones as anti-infective agents should be done with great caution or not at all in...
    They use of fluoroquinolones as anti-infective agents should be done with great caution or not at all in cats
  16. What anti-infective drug should be avoided in all food producing animals
    Chloramphenicol
  17. How are penicillins primarily excreted
    Kidney
  18. True or false acepromazine should be used in stallions
    False
  19. What anesthetic drug should not be pre-loaded and left in a regular disposable type syringe
    Diazepam
  20. What does griseofulvin act on
    Dermatophytes
  21. What is a possible side effect of sulfonamides
    Sulfonamides have the potential for renal disease but no adverse effects on the liver
  22. What anti-infective compounds when given to juvenile animals can impair cartage development
    Fluoroquinolones have been associated with Cartlidge damage in young horses and puppies
  23. True or false potential penicillins are active against B-lactamase producing bacteria
    Potentiated penicillins are resistant to inactivation by b- lactamase
  24. What are iodophors?
    Iodophors are iodine combined with a carrier molecule the effects is that the iodine is released over time so there is a prolonged effect
  25. True or false heart guard contains ivermectin
    Ivermectin is a proven preventative for dirofilaria immitis
  26. What is the active drug in proheart
    Moxidectin is a member of the avermectin drug class
  27. What is a risk to veterinary technicians who administer prostaglandins?
    Prostaglandins cause smooth muscle contractions and maybe absorbed across the skin. asthmatics should wear gloves when administering prostaglandins or avoid them entirely
  28. What is a possible side effect of Loop diuretics such as furosemide
    Long-term loop diuretics may often lead to hypokalemia. potassium supplements are often administered. they increase excretion of Waters by increasing the excretion of the electrolytes especially potassium
  29. What can an IV bolus of lidocaine cause
    BradyCardia
  30. What is an example of an opioid that is agonist and antagonist
    Butorphanol
  31. What can acepromazine maleate cause?
    Hypotension.
  32. What is the ratio between the toxic dose and therapeutic dose of a drug used as a measure of the relative safety of the drug for a particular treatment
    Therapeutic index
  33. Aspirin may be safely used in cats as an NSAID but it should be noted that it's half life in this species approximates
    Aspirin has a long half life in cats 30 hours because it is excreted by the liver
  34. Which statement is most accurate pertaining to insect growth regulators
    Insect growth regulators or IGR's affect immature stages and are generally considered safe
  35. What drug is approved for the treatment of old dog dementia
    Anipryl administration allows dopamine levels to increase. reduced dopamine levels are associated with canine cognitive dysfunction
  36. What is a short-term effect of a corticosteroid and what is not a short term effect of corticosteroid therapy
    Osteoporosis is a long-term effects. polyuria polyphagia and delayed healing are short term effects
  37. What is a common side effect of antihistamine drugs such as diphenhydramine
    Mild sedation or drowsiness is a common side effect of most antihistamine drugs
  38. Where are the H2 receptors found
    Gastric mucousa
  39. Thiobarbiturates should be administered with great care or not at all to
    sight hounds such as greyhounds have minimal fat, so the thiobarbiturates will remain in the circulation at high concentrations
  40. What drug is contra indicated in the treatment of glaucoma
    Atropine is a mydriatic and cycloplegic and is used to facilitate examination of eye
  41. A chronotropic agent affects the
    Chronotropic relates to rate inotropic relates to force
  42. Through what paraenteral administration should phenylbutazone be given
    Only I V the subcutaneous and intramuscular injections may lead to sloughing of the tissues

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