Allows the exchange of gases in the alveoli of the lungs and contributes to the elasticity of pulmonary tissue
What is lung compliance?
the expandability of the lungs
How long should a incentive spirometer last?
What is Intermittent positive pressure breathing?
treatment used to assist the client to take a deep breath and/or give medicinces into the lungs. Its done by a machine that introduces air into the lungs when the client breathes. Done by mouthpiece or mask
Hemoptysis is often a sign of a serious illness including:?
aviod scheduling immediately after mealtime, aviod administration of inhaled bronchodilator for 6hrs before proc, provide rest after proc
Acid Fast smear and culture
performed to collect sputum for acid fast bacilli (TB) series of 3 morning specimens
single sputum specimen is collected in a special container with fixed solution, done to determine presence of abnormal cells that may indicate malignancy
to detect false negative results of candida, mumps, tetanus toxiod in immunocompromised clients,
How is Coryza spread?
inflammation of the bronchi, the main ait passages to the lungs, symptoms include coughing, SOB, wheezing and fatigue. Caused by bacterial infections (streptococcus pneumoniae, Haeophilus influenza, Mycoplasma, and Chlamydia)
inflammation of the pleura, occurs when the pleura become inflammed due to microbial infectin, these membrances adhere together and breathing becomes very painful
acute inflammation of the parenchyma caused by a microbial agent.
Community acquired pneumonia
onset occurs in the community the first 2 days of hospitalization,highest in winter months
Hospital Acquired Pneumonia
occuring within 48hrs or longer after hospitalization, increased rate in incubated clients, bacteria resp for most infections
caused by aspirating mouth or stomach contents into the trachea and then lungs, tube feeding is a risk factor
What is Cytomegalovirus (CMV)? treatment?
viral pneumonia found in immunospressed clients (transplants), herpes virus can be mild or severe enough to cause death, Treatment is with Ganciclovir (Cytovene)