Indonesia

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Author:
brettfrett
ID:
97000
Filename:
Indonesia
Updated:
2011-08-14 02:48:36
Tags:
music
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Description:
genre, geog, terms, instr
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  1. Gamelan
    • Indonesian ensemble consisting of:
    • gongs, metallophones, and other
    • Bronze

    • Unique names

    • Unique tuning

    • Court ensembles
  2. Gong Ageng
    large Indonesian gong
  3. kempul
    • small, Indonesian
    • hanging gongs
  4. sléndro and pélog
    • Indonesian
    • mictrotonal scales

    • ♦ sléndro: pentatonic (5-note) scale
    • of somewhat equidistant intervals
    • pélog: heptatonic (7-note) scale of large and small intervals
  5. colotomic function/layer
    • In
    • music, colotomic refers to the use of specified instruments to mark off
    • intervals of time; in gamelan, gongs perform this function
  6. balungan
    • (lit. “skeleton”) - the basic/core melody
    • played by some metallophones

    • ♦ “elaboration” layer higher-pitched
    • / faster-moving instruments that elaborate

    upon or “fill-in” the balungan melody
  7. gènder and saron
    • Indonesian
    • metallophones (keyed instruments)

    ♦ gender – higher pitched

    • saron - deeper-pitched
  8. bonang and kenong
    • medium
    • and small gongs, horizontally mounted on wooden racks
  9. pesinden
    • solo
    • female singers in an Indonesian gamelan
  10. rebab
    • bowed
    • spike fiddle of Middle Eastern origin, similar to the Chinese erhu.

    • ♦ plays a short introduction to Puspawarna
    • (Example 15) followed by the

    entrance of the entire ensemble.
  11. kebyar (gamelan gong kebyar)
    • Balinese
    • gamelan style

    • kebyar = “to burst into flame; to
    • flower”
  12. kotekan
    • kotekan –
    • fast interlocking parts
  13. kempli
    • Bali
    • Gamelan instrument; single gong that plays a steady beat
  14. Kecak
    • example 17; Kecak
    • refers to the vocables (“tjak”) chanted by a large number of men
    • representing the monkey army
    • • enacts scene from Hindu
    • epic, Ramayana
    • • voices imitate: gongs
    • voices imitate: kempli
    • “Monkey Chant”
    • music from indigenous spirit possession ritual;

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