Card Set Information
GIM Diagnostic errors
Errors in diagnosis
What is an availability heuristic error?
errors arise when a clinician has encountered a similar presentation and jumps to the conclusion that the current diagnosis
must be the same as in the previous case.
What is an Anchoring heuristic error?
errors occur when a clinician holds to an initial impression, such as might occur when a referring physician has provided
a diagnosis that is then accepted at face value.
What is a "no-fault error?"
A no-fault error is one in which the presentation is misleading and the clinician really has no opportunity to pick up clues
based on any data that there is an underlying problem.
What is a system-related error?
A system-related error is one in which processes intended to facilitate
routine health care fail, such as a lab error giving an erroneous test result.