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  1. Hyperemia
    Engorgement; an excess blood in a part. =excess blood in the brain
  2. Hypoatremia
    Not enough sodium
  3. Hypertrophy
    An increase volume in an organ or tissue - excessive development of an organ or part
  4. Tetany
    Involuntary contractions of muscles
  5. Patent
    Easily recognizable. obvious.
  6. 2mth old

    • Haemophilius Influenzae Type B
    • Inactivated Polio Vacine
    • Diphtheria Tentanus, pertussis
    • Hepatitis B
  7. 12 mth

    Measles, Mumps, Rubella
  8. Ortolani's Sign
    Congenital hip displacement
  9. Barlow's test
    Detect hip instability and dislocation
  10. Permanance
    The state of quality or lasting remaining undefinitely
  11. Gavage
    Introduction of nutritive material into the stomach by means of a tube - forced fed
  12. When administering a I.M. injection what site should the nurse use?
    Vastus lateralis or rectus muscle or deltoid
  13. Caput succedeum
  14. HYPOtonia
    Low muscle tone
  15. diuresis
    Increased excretion of urine
  16. Residual
    A quanitity left over at the end of a process
  17. Retention
  18. Urinary meatus
    The orifice of the urethra
  19. Urinary stasis
    A stoppage of dimunution (small or dimihsh) of flow as blood or other body fluid, at any level of the urinary tract

    Causes kidney stones

    uterus up to the side
  20. Regional anesthesia is at risk for and difficulty voiding until anesthesia wears off
    Bladder distention
  21. Urinary Atony
    Inability of the uterus to contract
  22. Tonsillitis
    Inflammation (Swelling) of the tonsils

    • Causes: Tonsils are lymph nodes in back of the mouth and top of the throat. They normally help to filter the bacteria and other germs to help prevent infection in the body.
    • Strep throat causes
    • bacterial and viral inflammation

    • Sx: Difficulty swallowing
    • Ear pain, Fever, chills, HA, Sore throat lasts longer than 48 hours, tenderness in jaw and throat, Voice changes, Loss of voice

    • Signs/tests: Red and may have white spots; swollen; lymph nodes in the jaw and neck swollen and tender to the touch (blood count, mononucleosis test, rapid stress test throat swab culture)
    • Tx: antibiotics (once as a shot; 10 days by mouth)
    • OTC meds: Tylenol, Ibuprofen, DO NOT give aspirin has been Reyes Syndrome.
  23. Pharyngitis
    • Inflammation (swelling) of the pharynx, back of the throat, between the tonsils and voice box (larynx)
    • Causes: Viral infection (cold or flu); Group A streptococcus (strep throat), gonorrhea, chlamydia less common
    • Sx: Fever, HA, joint and muscle aches
    • Skin rashes
    • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
    • Tests: Rapid throat culture to r/o strep
    • TX: antibiotics DO NOT help using them to help viral infections helps stregthen bacteria making them resistant.
    • Drink warm liquids, Gargle several times w/ warm salt water (1/2tsp/cup)
    • acetaminophen, lozenges
    • Complications: blockage of airways, Sore around the tonsils and behind the throat
  24. Allergic rhinitis
    • A collection of sx's, mostly in the nose and eyes, which occur when you breath in something you are allergic to, such as dust, dander and pollen.
    • Causes: An allergen is something that triggers an allergy. When a person is allergic rhinitis breaths in an allergen such as pollen or dust, the body releases chemical (histamine), causing itching, swelling, mucus production (HAY fever)Trees, grases, ragweed association with eczema, or asthma
    • SX: Itchy nose, mouth, eyes, throat, skin and other area
    • Problems w/ smell; Runny nose, sneezing, tearing eyes, later: stuffy nose, coughing, dark circles in eyes, puffy eyes, fatigue, irritability, HA, memory problems
    • TEST: Allergy test, CBC especially WBC eosinophil
    • Meds: Antihistamines, Corticosteroids, Decongestants, Singulair, Alergy shots,
    • Complications: Sinusitis
  25. Approximation
    Nearness in space, position, degree, relation, proximity, closeness
  26. Staphylcoccus aureus
    A group of bacteria that can cause a number of diseases as a results of infection of various tissues of body.

    Staphl - meaning bunch of grapes - gram-positive

    Risk: newborns, breastfeeding

    s/s: localized collection of pus (abscess, boil (furnucle)
  27. Mastitis
    Inflammation of the breast

    Staphylcoccal breast abscess can release bacteria into mother's milk

    Tx: rest, warm compresses to the infected area, nursing and expressing milk frequently.
  28. Candida albicans
    • A fungus that is normally present in the skin and mucous membranes such as vagina, mouth & rectum
    • Travel through the blood stream and infect throat, intestines, and heart valves
    • Yeast infection
    • Thrush in mouth
  29. Depressed breath sounds
    • Essentially, certain drugs or drug combination cause your automatic breathing system to not give you breaths fast enough. In this state, if you passes out it can cause permanent damage or death due to insufficient oxygen.
    • Breathing becomes so shallow
    • OD: Narcan
    • Shallow: minimal breath in the lungs - using intercostal muscles - can result in hyperventilation - labor breathing
  30. Glucose 627

    • GMH 65-99
    • Simple sugar monosaccharide and an important carbohydrate - cells use it as a primary source of energy and a metabolic intermediate
  31. Ketones 627

    (Acetone) Negative
    Checks for Ketones in your blood or urine. Substances that are made when the body gets the energy it needs from carbohydrate in your diet. But stored broken down fat and ketones are made if you diet does not contain enough carbs to supply the body w/ glucose for energy or if your body cannot use blood sugar properly.

    • Having too little insulin prevents body from using sugar as energy causing break down in fats instead
    • Fasting and starvation
    • Prolong vomiting and diarrhea
    • A diet lower in sugar and starches (carbs)

    Ketones released in the urine - if high dehydrated

    • s/s: fruity smelling breath, loss of appetite, N/V, fast, deep breathing
    • leading to ketoacidosis.

    small amt of ketones may harm the baby
  32. Protein 622

    Normal range: 6-8g/dL

    Note: those medications taken that may affect results; steroid and hormones such as insulin, growth hormones may increase level whereas oral contraceptives and liver toxic drugs may decrease level.

    Meats, eggs, dairy, seeds, nuts, legumes,
  33. Specific gravity 626

    Measures the number of solutes in a solution. Urea and uric acid, by products of nitrogen metabolism, are the greatest influence on urine specific gravity. Specific gravity increased wiht EXCESS fluid LOSS from the body , Renal disease decresaed specific gravity

    • Nursing: Explain procedure and purpose to the client and assist w/ specimen collection, if needed.
    • Ensure specimen is taken to lab in a timely manner

    Solute - a substance dissolved in a solvent forming a solution
  34. Postanesthetic Care 963
    • Report breathing difficulty < 12 Breaths/min or less
    • Fall in client BP or HR
    • Verify clients ability to stand or walk, motor strength and coordination w/ out dizziness
    • Observe for bladder distention - temp urinary retention
    • Report HA worse when sitting to standing
    • Verify if understand instructions, give written instructions as well
    • Do NOT allow clients to rub their eyes
  35. Assess abdomen for tenderness, distention, and bowel sounds.
    Monitor vomiting of fecal material.
    Assess weight daily.
    I&O and limit ice chips when NPO.
    Check laboratory reports for low Na, K, elevated BUN, amylase, H&H (hematocrit/hemoglobin), oral hygiene, surgical asepsis, S02
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