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Engorgement; an excess blood in a part. =excess blood in the brain
Not enough sodium
An increase volume in an organ or tissue - excessive development of an organ or part
Involuntary contractions of muscles
Easily recognizable. obvious.
- Haemophilius Influenzae Type B
- Inactivated Polio Vacine
- Diphtheria Tentanus, pertussis
- Hepatitis B
Measles, Mumps, Rubella
Congenital hip displacement
Detect hip instability and dislocation
The state of quality or lasting remaining undefinitely
Introduction of nutritive material into the stomach by means of a tube - forced fed
When administering a I.M. injection what site should the nurse use?
Vastus lateralis or rectus muscle or deltoid
Low muscle tone
Increased excretion of urine
A quanitity left over at the end of a process
The orifice of the urethra
A stoppage of dimunution (small or dimihsh) of flow as blood or other body fluid, at any level of the urinary tract
Causes kidney stones
uterus up to the side
Regional anesthesia is at risk for and difficulty voiding until anesthesia wears off
Inability of the uterus to contract
Inflammation (Swelling) of the tonsils
- Causes: Tonsils are lymph nodes in back of the mouth and top of the throat. They normally help to filter the bacteria and other germs to help prevent infection in the body.
- Strep throat causes
- bacterial and viral inflammation
- Sx: Difficulty swallowing
- Ear pain, Fever, chills, HA, Sore throat lasts longer than 48 hours, tenderness in jaw and throat, Voice changes, Loss of voice
- Signs/tests: Red and may have white spots; swollen; lymph nodes in the jaw and neck swollen and tender to the touch (blood count, mononucleosis test, rapid stress test throat swab culture)
- Tx: antibiotics (once as a shot; 10 days by mouth)
- OTC meds: Tylenol, Ibuprofen, DO NOT give aspirin has been Reyes Syndrome.
- Inflammation (swelling) of the pharynx, back of the throat, between the tonsils and voice box (larynx)
- Causes: Viral infection (cold or flu); Group A streptococcus (strep throat), gonorrhea, chlamydia less common
- Sx: Fever, HA, joint and muscle aches
- Skin rashes
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Tests: Rapid throat culture to r/o strep
- TX: antibiotics DO NOT help using them to help viral infections helps stregthen bacteria making them resistant.
- Drink warm liquids, Gargle several times w/ warm salt water (1/2tsp/cup)
- acetaminophen, lozenges
- Complications: blockage of airways, Sore around the tonsils and behind the throat
- A collection of sx's, mostly in the nose and eyes, which occur when you breath in something you are allergic to, such as dust, dander and pollen.
- Causes: An allergen is something that triggers an allergy. When a person is allergic rhinitis breaths in an allergen such as pollen or dust, the body releases chemical (histamine), causing itching, swelling, mucus production (HAY fever)Trees, grases, ragweed association with eczema, or asthma
- SX: Itchy nose, mouth, eyes, throat, skin and other area
- Problems w/ smell; Runny nose, sneezing, tearing eyes, later: stuffy nose, coughing, dark circles in eyes, puffy eyes, fatigue, irritability, HA, memory problems
- TEST: Allergy test, CBC especially WBC eosinophil
- Meds: Antihistamines, Corticosteroids, Decongestants, Singulair, Alergy shots,
- Complications: Sinusitis
Nearness in space, position, degree, relation, proximity, closeness
A group of bacteria that can cause a number of diseases as a results of infection of various tissues of body.
Staphl - meaning bunch of grapes - gram-positive
Risk: newborns, breastfeeding
s/s: localized collection of pus (abscess, boil (furnucle)
Inflammation of the breast
Staphylcoccal breast abscess can release bacteria into mother's milk
Tx: rest, warm compresses to the infected area, nursing and expressing milk frequently.
- A fungus that is normally present in the skin and mucous membranes such as vagina, mouth & rectum
- Travel through the blood stream and infect throat, intestines, and heart valves
- Yeast infection
- Thrush in mouth
Depressed breath sounds
- Essentially, certain drugs or drug combination cause your automatic breathing system to not give you breaths fast enough. In this state, if you passes out it can cause permanent damage or death due to insufficient oxygen.
- Breathing becomes so shallow
- OD: Narcan
- Shallow: minimal breath in the lungs - using intercostal muscles - can result in hyperventilation - labor breathing
- GMH 65-99
- Simple sugar monosaccharide and an important carbohydrate - cells use it as a primary source of energy and a metabolic intermediate
Checks for Ketones in your blood or urine. Substances that are made when the body gets the energy it needs from carbohydrate in your diet. But stored broken down fat and ketones are made if you diet does not contain enough carbs to supply the body w/ glucose for energy or if your body cannot use blood sugar properly.
- Having too little insulin prevents body from using sugar as energy causing break down in fats instead
- Fasting and starvation
- Prolong vomiting and diarrhea
- A diet lower in sugar and starches (carbs)
Ketones released in the urine - if high dehydrated
- s/s: fruity smelling breath, loss of appetite, N/V, fast, deep breathing
- leading to ketoacidosis.
small amt of ketones may harm the baby
Normal range: 6-8g/dL
Note: those medications taken that may affect results; steroid and hormones such as insulin, growth hormones may increase level whereas oral contraceptives and liver toxic drugs may decrease level.
Meats, eggs, dairy, seeds, nuts, legumes,
Specific gravity 626
Measures the number of solutes in a solution. Urea and uric acid, by products of nitrogen metabolism, are the greatest influence on urine specific gravity. Specific gravity increased wiht EXCESS fluid LOSS from the body , Renal disease decresaed specific gravity
- Nursing: Explain procedure and purpose to the client and assist w/ specimen collection, if needed.
- Ensure specimen is taken to lab in a timely manner
Solute - a substance dissolved in a solvent forming a solution
Postanesthetic Care 963
- Report breathing difficulty < 12 Breaths/min or less
- Fall in client BP or HR
- Verify clients ability to stand or walk, motor strength and coordination w/ out dizziness
- Observe for bladder distention - temp urinary retention
- Report HA worse when sitting to standing
- Verify if understand instructions, give written instructions as well
- Do NOT allow clients to rub their eyes
Assess abdomen for tenderness, distention, and bowel sounds.
Monitor vomiting of fecal material.
Assess weight daily.
I&O and limit ice chips when NPO.
Check laboratory reports for low Na, K, elevated BUN, amylase, H&H (hematocrit/hemoglobin), oral hygiene, surgical asepsis, S02