Initiation: tRNA and mRNA bind to a ribosome. The initation codon, AUG: tells the ribosome where to start. It has 2 binding sites and hold two tRNAs during the translation.
Elongation: protein synthesis. Another tRNA binds to the second binding site and a peptide bond forms. The complex moves one codon along the mRNA and the process is repeated.
Termination: translation ends. WHen a stop codon reached, special proteins bind and the ribosome releases the completed protein.