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a harsh and disagreeable combination, often of sounds
EX: Cognitive DISSONANCE is the inner conflict produced when long-stranding beniefs are contraicted by new evidence.
a firmly held opinion, often a religious belief
EX: Linus's central DOGMA was that children who believed in the Great Pumkin would be rewarded.
dictatorial in one's opinions
EX: the dictator was DOGMATIC-- he, and only he, was right.
to deceive; a person who is easily deceived
EX: Bugs Bunny was able to DUPE Elmer Fudd by dressing up as a lady bunny.
selecting from or made up of a variety of sources
EX: Budapest's architecture is an ECLECTIC mix of Eastern and Western styles.
The EFFICACY of penicillin was unsurpassed when it was first introduced; the drug completely eliminated almost all bacterial infections for which it was administered.
a sorrowful poem or speech
EX: Although Thomas Gray's "ELEGY Written in a Country Churchyard" is about death and loss, it urges its readers to endure this life and to trust in spirituality.
persuasive and moving, especially in speech
EX: the Gettysburg Adress is moving not only because of its lofty sentiments but also because of its ELOGENT words
to copy; to try to equal or excel
EX: the graduate student sought to EMULATE his professor in everyway, coping not only how she taught but also how she conducted herself autside of class.
to reduce in strength
EX: the guerrillas hoped that a series of surprise attackes would ENERVATE the regular army.
to count, list, or itemize
EX: jMoses returned from the mountian with tables on which the commandments were ENUMERATED
wandering and unpredictable
EX: the plot seemed predictable until it suddenly took a series of ERRATIC turns that suprised the audience
known or understood by onlya few
EX: Only a handful of experts are knowledgable about the ESOTERIC world of particle physics.
EX: Most people consider it ESTIMABLE that Mother Teresa spent her life helping the poor of India.
speech in praise of someone
EX: His best friend gave the EULOGY, outlining his many achievements.
use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one
EX: The funeral director preferred to use the EUPHENISM sleeping instead of the word dead.
to make worse
EX: It is unwise to take aspirin to try to relieve heartburn; instead of providing relief, the drug will only EXACERBATE the problem.
to clear from blame; to prove innocent
EX: the adversarial legal system is intended to convict those who are guilty and to EXCULPATE those who are innocent
urgent;requiring immediate action
EX: the patient was losing blood so rapidly that it was EXIGENT to stop the source of the bleeding
to clear from blame
EX: the fugitive was EXONERATED when another criminal confessed to commiting the crime.
clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression
EX: The owners of the house left a list of EXPLICIT instuctions detailing their house-sitter's duties, including a scheduale for watering the house plants.
acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestionaed devotion
EX: the stormtroopers were FANATICAL in their devotion to the emperor, readily sacrificing their lives for him.
EX: The understudy FAWNED over the director in hopes of being cast in the part on a permanent basis.
excessively decorated or embellished
EX: the palace had been decorated in a FLORID style; every surface had been carved and gilded
to arouse or incite
EX: the protesters tried to FOMENT feeling against the war through their speeched and demonstrations