AP World History Chapters 2-3
Card Set Information
AP World History Chapters 2-3
Traditions encounters AP world history chapters two three
A review for traditions and encounters chapters 2-3.
Who was Gilgamesh?
a king of the city-state of Uruk
a hero in a popular Mesopotamian epic
a warrior in conflict with the city of Kish
a legendary loyal friend of Enkidu
It lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
It is located in modern-day Iraq
It was the home of the Sumerians
It attracted many Semitic-speaking migrants.
What did Sumerian cities and their governments do?
organize work on building projects
rule over the area surrounding the city
oversee the construction and maintenance of irrigation systems
organize the defense of the city against attacks.
Sargon of Akkad
was a gifted administrator and warrior.
punishments that differ according to social class
prescribe the death penalty
regulate commercial transactions, wages, and prices
rely the on the principle of retaliation
Peoples who ruled a mesopotamian empire
Social classes of ancient mesopotamia
priests and priestesses were powerful rulers over temple communities
involved wedge-shaped symbols pressed onto clay with a reed
commercial and taxation documents
documents on astronomy and mathematics
The Epic of Gilgamesh
recounts the adventures of Gilgamesh and his friend
describes the hero's efforts to attain immortality
explored relations between humans and the gods
contemplates the meaning of life and death.
The religious beliefs of the Israelites after Moses included
After the tenth century B.C.E., the Israelites experienced
the division of the kingdom of Israel
conquest by the Assyrians
the destruction of Jerusalem by the New Babylonian empire
the return of deportees to Judea where they became known as Jews
were prosperous based on their sea trade and commercial networks.
According to the excerpt "Israelites" Relations with Neighboring Peoples,"
Solomon sent laborers to Hiram.
Who first deduced the existence of an Indo-European culture?
The key element in the expansion of the Indo-Europeans from their homeland was
Which of the following was not an area to which the Indo-Europeans migrated?
east and southeast Asia.
The Greek historian Herodotus proclaimed Egypt "the gift of the Nile" because, in his account,
the reliable rhythm of the Nile created fertile land, which supported a remarkably productive agricultural economy.
Around 5000 B.C.E. the climate in northern Africa began to change by
getting hotter and drier
used to flood very predictably.
In contrast to Egypt, Nubian agriculture
required extensive preparation of the soil
Unification of Egyptian rule came about through the conqueror
The Egyptian pyramids
were built during the Old Kingdom.
served as royal tombs.
are testimony to the power of the pharaoh.
stand at Giza.
Mummification, pyramids, and funerary rituals in ancient Egypt were extremely costly and troublesome. The customs prevailed for several thousand years because
Egyptians believed in an afterlife
In ancient Egypt, the largest pyramid was that of
After the Hyksos invasion
the Egyptians adopted horses and chariots in their military.
After the tenth century, the Kingdom of Kush
established a capital at Napata
claimed the title of pharaoh.
warred with the Assyrians.
Important cities in ancient Egypt
Unlike Egypt, Nubian society
saw many more women rulers.
It included hieroglyphic, hieratic, demotic, and Coptic scripts.
Important Egyptian gods
A significant difference between Nubian and Egyptian religion was that
Nubians did not mummify their dead.
The original Bantu people
spoke a language in the Niger-Congo family
settled mostly on the banks of rivers
came from what is now Nigeria
cultivated yams and palm oils.
With regard to the Bantu migrations,
they placed pressure on the forest dwellers by moving inland.
helped the Bantu expand their agricultural land.
associated with agricultural societies south of the Sahara
cultivation of yams, oil palms, and sorghum
herding sheep, cattle, pigs
age sets and initiation rites