AP World History Chapters 2-3

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  1. Who was Gilgamesh?
    • a king of the city-state of Uruk
    • a hero in a popular Mesopotamian epic
    • a warrior in conflict with the city of Kish
    • a legendary loyal friend of Enkidu
  2. Mesopotamia
    • It lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
    • It is located in modern-day Iraq
    • It was the home of the Sumerians
    • It attracted many Semitic-speaking migrants.
  3. What did Sumerian cities and their governments do?
    • organize work on building projects
    • rule over the area surrounding the city
    • oversee the construction and maintenance of irrigation systems
    • organize the defense of the city against attacks.
  4. Sargon of Akkad
    was a gifted administrator and warrior.
  5. Hammurabi's code
    • punishments that differ according to social class
    • prescribe the death penalty
    • regulate commercial transactions, wages, and prices
    • rely the on the principle of retaliation
  6. Peoples who ruled a mesopotamian empire
    • Assyrians
    • Hittites
    • Chaldeans
    • Akkadians.
  7. Latest invention
    iron metallurgy
  8. Social classes of ancient mesopotamia
    priests and priestesses were powerful rulers over temple communities
  9. Cuneiform writing
    involved wedge-shaped symbols pressed onto clay with a reed
  10. Mesopotamian documents
    • commercial and taxation documents
    • documents on astronomy and mathematics
    • epic literature.
  11. The Epic of Gilgamesh
    • recounts the adventures of Gilgamesh and his friend
    • describes the hero's efforts to attain immortality
    • explored relations between humans and the gods
    • contemplates the meaning of life and death.
  12. The religious beliefs of the Israelites after Moses included
  13. After the tenth century B.C.E., the Israelites experienced
    • the division of the kingdom of Israel
    • conquest by the Assyrians
    • the destruction of Jerusalem by the New Babylonian empire
    • the return of deportees to Judea where they became known as Jews
  14. The Phoenicians
    • were prosperous based on their sea trade and commercial networks.
    • alphabetic script
    • Astarte
    • city-states
    • shipbuilding.
  15. According to the excerpt "Israelites" Relations with Neighboring Peoples,"
    Solomon sent laborers to Hiram.
  16. Who first deduced the existence of an Indo-European culture?
    nineteenth-century linguists.
  17. The key element in the expansion of the Indo-Europeans from their homeland was
  18. Which of the following was not an area to which the Indo-Europeans migrated?
    east and southeast Asia.
  19. The Greek historian Herodotus proclaimed Egypt "the gift of the Nile" because, in his account,
    the reliable rhythm of the Nile created fertile land, which supported a remarkably productive agricultural economy.
  20. Around 5000 B.C.E. the climate in northern Africa began to change by
    getting hotter and drier
  21. The Nile
    used to flood very predictably.
  22. In contrast to Egypt, Nubian agriculture
    required extensive preparation of the soil
  23. Unification of Egyptian rule came about through the conqueror
  24. The Egyptian pyramids
    • were built during the Old Kingdom.
    • served as royal tombs.
    • are testimony to the power of the pharaoh.
    • stand at Giza.
  25. Mummification, pyramids, and funerary rituals in ancient Egypt were extremely costly and troublesome. The customs prevailed for several thousand years because
    Egyptians believed in an afterlife
  26. In ancient Egypt, the largest pyramid was that of
  27. After the Hyksos invasion
    the Egyptians adopted horses and chariots in their military.
  28. After the tenth century, the Kingdom of Kush
    • conquered Egypt
    • established a capital at Napata
    • claimed the title of pharaoh.
    • warred with the Assyrians.
  29. Important cities in ancient Egypt
    • Tani
    • Heliopoli
    • Thebe
    • Memphis
  30. Unlike Egypt, Nubian society
    saw many more women rulers.
  31. Egyptian writing
    It included hieroglyphic, hieratic, demotic, and Coptic scripts.
  32. Important Egyptian gods
    • Osiris
    • Amon
    • Aten
    • Re.
  33. A significant difference between Nubian and Egyptian religion was that
    Nubians did not mummify their dead.
  34. The original Bantu people
    • spoke a language in the Niger-Congo family
    • settled mostly on the banks of rivers
    • came from what is now Nigeria
    • cultivated yams and palm oils.
  35. With regard to the Bantu migrations,
    they placed pressure on the forest dwellers by moving inland.
  36. Iron metallurgy
    helped the Bantu expand their agricultural land.
  37. associated with agricultural societies south of the Sahara
    • cultivation of yams, oil palms, and sorghum
    • herding sheep, cattle, pigs
    • age sets and initiation rites
    • monotheistic religions.
Card Set
AP World History Chapters 2-3
A review for traditions and encounters chapters 2-3.
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