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  1. Anaconda Plan
    Winfields Scott's plan to blockade southern ports and take control of Miss. splitting confederacy, cutting trade and causing economic collapse.
  2. Radical Republicans
    limit presidental power and enhance congressional authority; opposed moderation toward south.
  3. Battle of Bull Run (1)
    creek in VA where confederate soldiers forced federal troops to retreat, first major battle of CW, July 1861
  4. Thomas Jackson
    Confederate soldier who led both battles of bull run, "stonewall"
  5. George McClellen
    U.S. general organize army for Potomac, replaced Winfield Scot
  6. Army of the Potomac
    army created to guard the U/S. capital after the Battle of Bull Run, became the main Union army of the West.
  7. William Tecumseh Sherman
    general who captured Atlanta in 1864 and led destructive march to Atlantic coast.
  8. Battle of Shiloh
    battle in Tennessee 1862 ended in unpursued confederate withdrawl, neither side gained ground, both sides heavy losses.
  9. Vicksburg
    confederate held city on Miss. that surrendered on July 4, 1863 after a lengthy siege by Grant's forces.
  10. Battle of Bull Run (2)
    Union defeat near bull run in august 1862; union troops led by John Pope
  11. Antietam Creek
  12. September 1862 Lee forces invaded Maryland; both sides suffered heavy losses, and Lee retreated into VA.
  13. Emancipation Proclamation
    Lincoln's order abolishing slavery as of Jan. 1, 1863 in states in "rebellion"
  14. Andersonville
    Confederate pow camp in northern GA
  15. Chancellorsville
    Site in VA. where in may 1863 Confederates led by Lee defeated a much larger Union force.
  16. Gettysburg
    site in PA. where in July 1863 Union forces under George Meade defeated Lee, turning back Lee's invasion of the North.
  17. Port Hudson
    Confederate garrison in Lousianna that surrendered to Union forces in July 1863, giving the Union unrestricted control of the Miss. river.
  18. Lincoln is assassinated
    1885, by John Wilks Boothe
  19. Freedmen's Bureau
    agency established in 1865 to aid former slaves in their transition to freedom, administering relief and sponsoring education.
  20. Thirteenth Amendment
    constioutional amendement, 1885, that abolished slavery in the U.S. and its territories.
  21. Black Codes
    laws passed by southern states, restricting activities of freed people.
  22. Why did congressional Republicans take over Reconstruction?
    not being harsh enough on south they took over after Johnson vetoed both revised version of Freedmens Bureau and the newly created civil rights act.
  23. Fourteenth Amendment
    1868, defining American citizenshiop and placing restrictions on former Confederates.
  24. Military Reconstruction Act
    1867, divided the Confederate states into five military districts. Each district was governed by military commander to force to protect life and property
  25. Command of the Army Act
    specified that the presidentcould issue military orders only through the General of the Army. Gerneral can not be removed unless approved by senate.
  26. Tenure of Office Act
    officials appointed with the senates consent were to remain in offeice until the senate aproved a successor.
  27. Fifteenth Amendement
    1870, that prohibited states from denying the right to vote because of a persons race or because a person had been a slave.
  28. Compromise of 1877
    remove the federals from the south and south will throw their votes for Rep. Hayes as new president.
Card Set:
2011-08-18 04:16:34

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