1ST QUARTER

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Author:
GALEN
ID:
97499
Filename:
1ST QUARTER
Updated:
2011-08-18 19:47:30
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QUIZ TWO FUNDAMENTALS
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GALEN LVN
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  1. ASEPSIS
    • The absence of germs
    • 1. Medical asepsis: procedure reduce number of microorganisms and prevent their spread. (ex: hand washing, no touch dressing)

    2. Surgical Asepsis: procedure eliminate any microorganisms; sterile technique. (ex: sterilization of surgical instruments)
  2. DISINFECTANT
    A liquid chemical that can be applied to objects to eliminate many or all pathogenic microorganisms with the exception of bacterial spores.
  3. AXILLARY TEMPERATURE
    The body temperature as recorded by a thermometer placed in the arpit. (usually .5 - 1 degree less than oral temp)
  4. APNEA
    An absence of spontaneous respiration.

    • Types of apnea include:
    • -cardiac apnea
    • -deglutition apnea
    • -periodic apnea of new born
    • -primary apnea
    • -reflex apnea
    • -secondary apnea
    • -sleep apnea

    • *also spelled apnoea
    • *apneic - adj
  5. FLUSHING
    • 1. a blush or sudden reddening of the face and neck
    • 2. a suddent subjective feeling of heat
    • 3.a prolonged reddening of the face such as may be seen with fever, use of certain drugs, hyperthyroidism
    • 4. sudden rapid flow of water or other liquid
  6. FLORA
    microorganisms that live on or within a body to complete with disease-producing microorganisms and provide a natural immunity against certain incetious. Also called normal flora.
  7. JAUNDICE
    A yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclerae of the eyes caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood. Because persons with dark skin sometiems have yellow-tinged sclerae, the hard palate of the mouth is often the best place to assess for jaundice. Persons with jaundice may experience nausea, vomiting, and abdomical pain and may pass dark urine and clay -colored stools. Jaundice is a symptom of many disorders, including liver diseases, bilary obstuction, and the hemolytic anemias. Physiologic jaundice commonly develps in newborns and disappears after a few days. Rarer disorders causing jaundice are Crigler-Najjar syndrome and Gilbert's syndrome. Useful Diagnostic procedures include a clinical evaluation of the signs and symptoms, tests of liver function, and techniques for direct or indirect visualization, such as x-ray film, computed tomographic scan, ultrasound, enoscopy or exploratory surgery, and biopsy. Also called icterus.
  8. TYMPANIC
    Pertaining to a structure that resonates when struck; drumlike, such as a tympanic abdomen that resonates on percussion because the intestines are distended with gas.

    *also caleld tympanal, tympanum, tympana
  9. ORTHOPNEA
    An abnormal condition in which a person must sit or stand to breath deeply or comfortably. It occurs in many disorders of cardiac and respiratory systems, such as asthma, pulmonary edema, emphysema, pneumonia, congestive heart failure, and angina pectoris. Assessment includes nothign the number of pillows used by the patient. Patient with orthopnea also report sleeping in recliners.

    Also spelled orthopnoea
  10. FEBRILE
    Pertaining to or characterized by an elevated body temperature, such as a febrile reaction to an infectious agent. A body temperature above 100 F or rectally 99.6 F
  11. TACHYCARDIA

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