NSG 101 Unit II

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Author:
tweet2783
ID:
97554
Filename:
NSG 101 Unit II
Updated:
2011-08-19 07:52:01
Tags:
legal nursing
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Description:
Legal aspects pertinent to the practice of Nursing
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  1. ASSAULT
    An intentional act that causes a person to fear that he or she will be touched in an offensive or injurous manner -even if no touching actually takes place
  2. BATTERY
    An intentional act resulting in actual physical contact or touching in an offensive or injurous manner
  3. BREACH OF DUTY
    not behaving in a reasonable manner
  4. CRIMINAL LAW
    Concerned with relationships between individuals; protects the rights of persons within our society and encourages fair & equitable treatment among people
  5. DEFAMATION
    • The injuury of one person's reputation of character by willful & malicious statement to a third person.
    • Includes libel & slander
  6. PLAINTIFF
    • Person or entity alleging harm & bringing the lawsuit. The plaintiff must prove four elements of negligence
    • 1) Duty
    • 2)Breach of Duty
    • 3) Proximate cause or causal connection
    • 4) Damages
  7. EXPERT WITNESS
    One who has special training, knowledge, skill or expertise who is permitted to offer an opinion in court
  8. FELONY
    A serious crime such as major robbery, arson, rape, or murder & which carries a penalty of imprisonment or death; can be grounds for nursing license denial, revocation, or suspension
  9. GOOD SAMARITAN LAW
    A legal statute which protects persons who assist in emergency situation while acting within the accepted standards of practive of their profession
  10. INFORMED CONSENT
    • Delineation of the essential nature of the procedure & its consequences. The elements of include:
    • 1. explanation of the condition
    • 2. a fair explanation of the procedures to be used & the consequences
    • 3. description of the alternative treatment
    • 4. description of the benefits to be expected
    • 5. an offer to answer the patient's inquiries
    • 6. freedom from coercion
  11. INVASION OF PRIVACY
    A tort in which a client's health care is made public or exposed to public scrutiny
  12. TORT
    A wrongful act or private injury committed by one person against another person or property, which may be pursued in civial court by the injured party
  13. LIABILITY
    Legal responsibility; a nurse is legally responsible for actions that fail to meet the standard of care or for failing to act, thereby causing harm
  14. LIBEL
    A false or malicious writing that is intended to dishonor another person & is published so that someone besided the one defamed will observe it
  15. MALPRACTICE
    • Professional minsonduct, unreasonable lack of skill in professional or judicaiary duties, resulting in injury, unnecessary suffering or death to the patient.
    • (only refers to professionals)
  16. MISDEMEANOR
    A lesser crime such as small thefts, assaults without the use of weapons usually dealt with on a local level. The penalty is usually a fine or imprisonment for less than a year
  17. NEGLIGENCE
    Failing to conduct oneself in a prescribed manner, with due care, thereby doing harm to another; or doing something that a reasonable prudent person would not do in like circumstances
  18. REASONALBLY PRUDENT
    Acts which ordinary professional would or would not have done; a measure against a defendant's malpractice conduct
  19. SLANDER
    An oral statement made with the intent to dishonor or defame another person when made in the presence of a third person
  20. STANDARD OF CARE
    The knowledge & skill that an ordinary , reasonably prudent person would possess & exercise as a member of a profession

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