Healthcare Terminology

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Healthcare Terminology
2011-08-19 15:24:36
Healthcare Terminology

Glossary of Healthcare Terminology
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  1. Accepted standard of care
    consensusof medical opinion on what is adequate patient care on a particular situation
  2. Acidosis
    abnormal increase in hydrogen ion concentration in the body, resulting from an accumulation of acid or the depletion of the alkaline (base) reserves; usually caused by some underlying disease process; the pH is less than 7.4
    acronym/abbreviation for advanced cardiac life support and pediatric advanced life support
  4. Alkalosis
    abnormal condition in which there is a loss of acid, resulting in an accumulation of alkaline (base) reserves; the pH is 7.4 or greater
  5. Allergic contact dermatitis
    allergic reaction to skin allergen contact (e.g., latex)
  6. Alopecia
    hair loss
  7. Anemia
    decrease in normal number of RBCs or les-than-normalquantity of hemoglobin in the blood
  8. Aneurysm
    in the simplest terms, a weakening in the wall of a blood vessel ; common in the aorta, yet can occur anywhere; also defined as a sac formed by the localized dilation of the wall of an artery or vein, or of the heart
  9. Anorexia
    Symptom of poor appetite (regardless of cause-not always an eating disorder)
  10. Anterior
    when referring to anatomical position, nearer to the front of the body
  11. Apnea
    absence of breathing
  12. Ascites
    abnormal accumulation of fluid within the peritoneum (membrane lining the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavities); the fluid itself contains a large amount and electrolytes (serous or edematous)
  13. Atelectasis
    collapse of lung tissue preventing the inhalation of O2 (oxygen) and exhalation of CO2 (carbon dioxide); may involve part or all of the lung
  14. Bilirubin
    naturally ocuring yellow-red pigment in blood and bile; excessive amounts of it can cause jaundice
  15. Bronchiectasis
    chronic dilation of the bronchi and bronchioles associated with secondary infection; can lead to irreversibledilation and destruction of the bronchial walls
  16. Bronchoscopy
    insertion of a flexible tube and mirror system, which allows visualization of the tracha and bronchial tree; can be used for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
  17. BUN (blood/urea/nitrogen)
    measure of the amount of nitrogen in the blood in the form of urea (substance secreted by the liver and removed from the blood by the kidneys); BUN is a key measurement of renal function
  18. Carcinoma
    malignant growth (cancer) made up of epithelial cells (type of cells that line the intestinal tract, skin, tongue, breast and uterus)
  19. Cardiomyopathy
    any disease that affects the myocardium (middle layer of the heart)
  20. Caudal
    when referring to anatomy, inferior in position
  21. CBC (complete blood count)
    used to test for conditions that affect the number and ratio of cell types in the blood; most common blood test
  22. Chalazion
    small, localized swelling of the eyelid, usually due to chronic inflammation of the meibomian gland (small sebaceous gland located on the posterior margin of each eye)
  23. Chemistry Panel
    group of blood chemistry tests; most common is Chem 7
  24. Cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  25. Colonoscopy
    endoscopic examination of the colon (large intestine) and the distal part of the small intestine (bowel) with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera or a fiber-optic camera on a fleible tube passed through the anus
  26. Contraindication
    conditoin or factor that increases the risks involved in using a particular drug or modality
  27. Cranial
    when referring to anatomy, superior in position
  28. Creatinine
    chiefly filtered out oft the blood by the kidneys, though a small amount is secreted by the kidnys into the urine; if filtering of kidneys is deficient, blood levels rise, so creatinine measures renal function
  29. CT (computed tomography)
    medical imaging method employing tomography created by computer processing; digital geometry processing is used to generate a three-dimensional (3D) image of the incside of an object from a large series of two-dimensional (2D) x-ray images taken around a single axis of rotation
  30. CVT
    cerebral venous thrombus
  31. CXR (chest x-ray)
    projection radiograph of the chest used to diagnose conditions affecting the chest, its contents, and nearby structures
  32. Cystitis
    inflammation of the urinary bladder
  33. Debridement
    medical removal of dead, damaged or infected tissue
  34. Diaphoresis
    excessive sweating, commonly associated with shock and other medical emergency conditions
  35. Distal
    when referring to anatomic position, farther from the point of origin
  36. Dorsal
    when referring to anatomic postion, posterior (back side) of the body
  37. Droplet precautions
    used for patients who are known or suspected to transmit serious illness by large particle droplets (e.g.; tuberculosis)
  38. Dyspnea
    shortness of breath
  39. Dysuria
    painful urination
  40. ECG/EKG (electrocardiogram)
    transthoracic interpretation of the electrical activity of the heart over time, captured and externally recorded by skin electrodes
  41. Echocardigram (a.k.a., cardiac ultrasound)
    diagnostic procedure that uses standard ultrasoun techniques to image two-dimensional (2D) slices of the heart
  42. Ectropion
    medical condion in which the eyelid turns outward
  43. EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy)
    diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualizes the upper part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (up to the duodenum)
  44. Embolism
    occurs when an embolus (traveling blood clot) migrates from one part of the body and causes a blockage of a blood vessel in another part of the body
  45. Endocarditis
    inflammation of the endocardium (inner layer of the heart)
  46. Entropion
    medical condtion in which the eyelid folds inward
  47. Epidemiology
    study of factors affecting the health and illness of populations
  48. Epistaxis
    clinical term for nosebleed
  49. ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography)
    technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems
  50. Etiology
    study of the causes of disease
  51. Fibromyalgia
    muscle and connective tissue pain
  52. Fluid and electrolyte balance
    maintaining homeostasis within the body
  53. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
    patient privacy act
  54. Hematochezia
    passage of maroon-colored stool, commonly associated with lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding