Cardio Drugs

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Author:
lacythecoolest
ID:
97583
Filename:
Cardio Drugs
Updated:
2011-08-29 13:57:23
Tags:
Therapuetics II
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Description:
68Q
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  1. Drug for Digitalis and related Cardiac Glycosides
    • Digoxin
    • -Lanoxin
    • -Lanoxicaps
  2. Antiarrhythmic Drugs
    • Quinidine Gluconate~Quinaglute
    • Procainamide~Pronestyl, Procanbid
    • Sotalol~Betapace
    • Amiodarone~Cordarone, Pacerone
    • Phenytoin~Dilantin
    • Lidocaine~Xylocaine
  3. Digitalis and Related Cardiac Glycosides Drugs
    • Musculotropic
    • Digoxin~Lanoxin, Lanoxicaps
  4. Anti-hypertensive and Antianginal Drugs
    Vasodilator
  5. Essential Hypertension drug
    Labile
  6. Anti-hypertensive Agents
    ~Beta-blockers
    ~Non-Selective
    • Propranolol~Inderal
    • Carvedilol~Coreg
    • Labetalol~Normodyne, Trandate
  7. Anti-hypertensive Agents
    ~Alpha-1 Blockers
    • Prazosin~Minipress
    • Terazosin~Hytrin
    • Doxazosin~Cardura
  8. Anti-hypertensive Agents
    ~Beta-blockers/selective
    • Atenolol~Tenormin
    • Metoprolol~Lopressor, Toprol
  9. Anti-hypertensive Agents
    Centrally Acting Agents
    • Methyldopa~Aldomet
    • Clonidine~Catapres tab, Catapres-TTS patch
  10. Anti-hypertensive Agents
    Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
    • Captopril~Capoten
    • Lisinopril~Zestril, Prinivil
    • Ramipril~Altace
  11. Anti-hypertensive Agents
    Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
    • Irbesarten~Avapro
    • Telmisarten~Micardis
    • Losartan~Cozaar
    • Candesartan~Atacand
    • Valsartan~Diovan
  12. Anti-hypertensive Agents
    Calcium Channel Blocking Agents
    • Nifedipine~Adalat, Procardia
    • Verapamil~Calan, Isoptin, Verelan
    • Diltiazem~Tiazac
    • Amlodipine~Norvasc
    • Felodipine~Plendil
  13. Beta-Blockers diuretics
    • Lisinopril & Hydrochlorothiazide~Ziac
    • Benzapril & Hydrochlorothiazide~Lopressor HCT
  14. Peripheral Vasodilators
    • Hydralazine~Apresoline
    • Minoxidil~Loniten
  15. Agents for Hypertensive Emergencies
    Nitroprusside~Nipride, Nitropress
  16. Organic Nitrates
    • Nitroglycerin~Nitrostat, Nitro-Bid, Nitrol, Nitro-Dur, Minitran, Nitrolingual
    • Isosorbide Dinitrate~Isordil, Dilatrate, Isochron
    • Isosorbide Mononitrate~Imdur, Ismo, Monoke
  17. What is Congestive Heart Failure?
    • Inefficient pumping of blood by the heart
    • -Increased heart size
  18. What are the different drug classes to treat Congestive Heart Failure?
    • Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACE)
    • Diurectics*
    • Cardiac Glycosides
    • Beta Blockers
    • Anti-Arrhythics
    • Vasodialtors
  19. What is the Mechanism of action for Digitalis and Related Cardiac Glycosides?
    • Musculotropic
    • -increase force of contraction
    • -acts on ventricular muscles
    • =
    • -increase in urinary output
    • -decrease in heart rate
  20. What Doses of medication does Digitalis and Related Cardiac Glycosides have?
    • Loading dose/Digitalizing Dose
    • Maintenance Dose
  21. Whats an interesting side effect from Digoxin?
    yellowish-green vision (halo)
  22. What is the treatment for Cardiac Arrhythmias?
    • D/C cardioversion
    • Implantable Cardiac Deibrillators (pacemaker)
    • Anti-arrhythmic medications
  23. What is Antiarrhythmic Drugs primary purpose?
    Stabilizing <3 rhythm by blocking the beta receptors
  24. What is the number 1 drug used to treat hypertension?
    Anti-hypertensive Agents
  25. What's a good drug for stage fright?
    Propranolol~Inderal
  26. What drug is used for Hypertensive emergencies?
    Labetalol~Normodyne, Trandate
  27. How does Centrally Acting Agents work?
    By decreasing the sympathetic outflow from the CNS
  28. How does ACE Inhibitors work?
    • Block the conversion of Angiotensin I to Angiotensin II at lungs
    • Potent Vasoconstrictor
  29. What are Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers best for and who can they not be prescribed to?
    • Best for patients that cannot tolerate dry cough.
    • Pregnant women cannot take this medication
  30. How does Calcium Blocking Agents work?
    • Dilate coronary and peripheral arteries
    • Decrease heart rate/BP
  31. What should not be taken with HMG CoA Enzyme Inhibitors?
    Fibrates, Fibric acid derivatives
  32. Reductase Inhibitor(Statins)
    Simvastatin - Zocor

    Atorvastatin - Lipitor

    Pravastatin - Pravachol

    Rosuvastatin - Crestor
  33. Bile Acid Sequestrants
    Colestipol - Colestid

    Cholestryamine - Questran

    Colesevelam - WelChol
  34. Fibrates, Fibric Acid Derivatives
    (should not be taken with HMG CoA Enzyme Inhibitors)

    Gemfibrozil - Lopid

    Fenofibrate - Fenoglide, Triglide, Tricor
  35. Nicotinic Acid Deriviatives
    (reducing high LDL cholesterol and Triglycerides)

    • Niacin, Vitamin B3 - Niaspan
    • (face flushing)
  36. Selective Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor
    (Lowers Cholesterol)

    Ezetimibe - Zetia

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