308 Lesson 2 Test 1
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EVERY pts that comes to the hospital is at risk for _____________ while being in the hospital.
What is a major factor that contributes to malnutrition?
Some pts do not want to eat b/c of ________ issues going on, ___________ stress, and stress on the _____, etc.
Malnutrition is the _____, _____, or _________ in essentional components of balanced diet.
What are 2 terms used also to describe malnutrition?
A pts who is _____ is also facing a lot of px that can cause _________.
Obese pts need help to ____, _____ in bed, etc. If not they will get ____ ____, _______, will have inability to ___ __ and move _____ in/out _____.
- bed sores
- sit up
Obese pts needs ______ ____ for obese, _______ to _______ to help them ____ on to and move themselves.
- special bed
- trapeze to overhang
When dealing with obese pts what should you as a nurse always keep in mind?
other conditons come with obesity (DM)
Malnutrition is most prevalent in countries lacking adequate _____ _______. ( ______ or _______ of food are major factors).
- food sources
Also ________ countries suffer from malnutrition due to increase consumption of fast-food and junk food.
Malnutrition is common in what % of hospital pts?
30% to 50%
____ ____ ___ is usefuel as a measure of nutritional status that doesn't depent on body build or body frame.
Body Mass index
BMI estimates total body fat stores by relating ______ and _____.
True or False?
Weekly weight give a more reliable weight than daily.
List the BMI categories:
Below ___kg/m2 = _________.
>___= ________ _____
- 25-29.9 overweight
- 30 obese
- 40 morbidly obese
What does PCM stand for?
What is the most common form of undernutrition?
Primary PCM is present from what?
poor eating habbits
Secondary PCM results from ALTERATION/DEFECT in ______, ________, or __________.
A big problem when dealing with PCM is tissue needs are ___ ___.
A problem with PCM is one can lose up to ___% of body wieght without SIDE-EFFECTS
When dealing with px of PCM losing more than ___% body weight can be FATAL.
When dealing with PCM DEATH usually results from what 3 things?
- heart failure
- eletrolyte imbalance
- low body temp
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