308 Lesson 2 Test 1

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Author:
sxm1196
ID:
97604
Filename:
308 Lesson 2 Test 1
Updated:
2011-08-19 19:14:48
Tags:
Malnutrition
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Description:
Malnutrition and Chronic Disease
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  1. EVERY pts that comes to the hospital is at risk for _____________ while being in the hospital.
    malnutrition
  2. What is a major factor that contributes to malnutrition?
    STRESS
  3. Some pts do not want to eat b/c of ________ issues going on, ___________ stress, and stress on the _____, etc.
    • emotional
    • phychological
    • body
  4. Malnutrition is the _____, _____, or _________ in essentional components of balanced diet.
    • excess
    • deficit
    • imbalance
  5. What are 2 terms used also to describe malnutrition?
    • undernutrition
    • overnutrition
  6. A pts who is _____ is also facing a lot of px that can cause _________.
    • obese
    • malnutrition
  7. Obese pts need help to ____, _____ in bed, etc. If not they will get ____ ____, _______, will have inability to ___ __ and move _____ in/out _____.
    • turn
    • move
    • bed sores
    • pneumonia
    • sit up
    • fluids
    • lungs
  8. Obese pts needs ______ ____ for obese, _______ to _______ to help them ____ on to and move themselves.
    • special bed
    • trapeze to overhang
    • grab
  9. When dealing with obese pts what should you as a nurse always keep in mind?
    other conditons come with obesity (DM)
  10. Malnutrition is most prevalent in countries lacking adequate _____ _______. ( ______ or _______ of food are major factors).
    • food sources
    • quantity
    • quality
  11. Also ________ countries suffer from malnutrition due to increase consumption of fast-food and junk food.
    industrislized
  12. Malnutrition is common in what % of hospital pts?
    30% to 50%
  13. ____ ____ ___ is usefuel as a measure of nutritional status that doesn't depent on body build or body frame.
    Body Mass index
  14. BMI estimates total body fat stores by relating ______ and _____.
    • height
    • weight
  15. True or False?

    Weekly weight give a more reliable weight than daily.
    true
  16. List the BMI categories:

    Below ___kg/m2 = _________.
    ___-___= normal
    ___-___= _________
    >___= _________
    >___= ________ _____
    • 18.5
    • 18.5-24.9
    • 25-29.9 overweight
    • 30 obese
    • 40 morbidly obese
  17. What does PCM stand for?
    protein-calorie malnutrition
  18. What is the most common form of undernutrition?
    PCM
  19. Primary PCM is present from what?
    poor eating habbits
  20. Secondary PCM results from ALTERATION/DEFECT in ______, ________, or __________.
    • digestion
    • absorption
    • metabolism
  21. A big problem when dealing with PCM is tissue needs are ___ ___.
    not met
  22. A problem with PCM is one can lose up to ___% of body wieght without SIDE-EFFECTS
    10
  23. When dealing with px of PCM losing more than ___% body weight can be FATAL.
    40
  24. When dealing with PCM DEATH usually results from what 3 things?
    • heart failure
    • eletrolyte imbalance
    • low body temp

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