Radiography Chapter 1

Card Set Information

Author:
hrwilson1015
ID:
97616
Filename:
Radiography Chapter 1
Updated:
2011-08-19 21:36:17
Tags:
Radiography Ray Xray Anatomy Terminology Positioning Principles
Folders:

Description:
General Anatomy Terminology and Positioning Principles
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user hrwilson1015 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. How many separate bones are there in the body?
    206
  2. Where is the Primary Ossification center located?
    Diaphysis
  3. Where is the Secondary Ossification center located?
    Epiphysis
  4. What are the 3 structural classifications of joints?
    Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial
  5. What are the 3 functional classifications of joints?
    Synarthroidal, Amphiarthroidal, Diarthroidal
  6. Synarthroidal Joint
    Immovable Joint
  7. Amphiarthroidal Joint
    Limited Movement
  8. Diarthroidal Joint
    Freely Moveable Joint
  9. Name the 3 types of Fibrous Joints
    Sutures, Gomphoses, Syndesmosis
  10. What is the structural classification for a suture joint?
    Synarthroidal
  11. What is the structural classification for a Gomphosis joint? Where are these found?
    Amphiarthroidal. Found in the sockets of teeth and the alveolar sockets of the maxilae and mandible
  12. What is the structural classification for a syndesmosis joint?
    Amphiarthroidal
  13. Name the 2 types of Cartilaginous joints
    Symphysis, Synchondrosis
  14. What is structural classification for Symphysis? Where are they found?
    Amphiarthroidal. Vertebral disks and the pubic symphysis
  15. What is the structural classification for a Synchondrosis? Where are these located?
    Synarthroidal. Found in epiphyseal plates
  16. What is the the structural classification of Synovial Joints?
    Diarthroidal.
  17. What are plane(gliding) joints and where are they located?
    Least amount of movement, IM, CMC, IC joints of hand and wrist. Between C1 and C2
  18. What are Ginglymus(Hinge) joints and where are they located?
    Flexion and extension movements. Found in the IP joints and Elbow joint
  19. What are Trochoid(pivot) Joints and where are the located?
    Rotational movement. The radioulnar joints and between C1 and C2
  20. What are Ellipsoid Joints and where are they located?
    4 Directional movements. Found in the 2nd-5th MCP joints and wrist.
  21. What are Sellar (saddle) joints and where are they located?
    First carpometacarpal joint of first digit
  22. What is Spheroidal (ball and socket) joints and where are they located?
    Hip joint and Shoulder joint.
  23. Which of the following joints is classified as trichoidal?

    A. Wrist joint
    B.Distal Radioulnar
    C. Shoulder
    D. MCP Joint
    B. Distal radioulnar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following is classified as ellipsoidal?
    A. Wrist
    B. Interphalangeal
    C. Ankle
    D. Hip
    A. Wrist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following joints is classified as bicondylar?
    A. Knee
    B. Proximal Radioulnar
    C. MCP
    D. 1st CMC
    A. Knee
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. What is CR?
    Central Ray. It has the least divergence
  27. What is Reids Baseline?
    Base plane. From infraorbital margins to the superior EAM
  28. What is the Occlusal plane?
    Horizontal plane formed by biting surfaces of the teeth
  29. Define Projection
    Projection is the direction or path of the CR of the xray beam
  30. PA Projection
    Projection of CR enters from posterior to anterior
  31. AP projection
    Projection of CR enters from anterior to posterior
  32. AP oblique projection
    CR enters from anterior to posterior with rotation (lateral or medial)
  33. PA Oblique Projection
    CR enters from posterior to anterior with rotation (lateral or medial)
  34. Mediolateral Projection
    CR enters from Medial side to Lateral side
  35. Lateromedial Projection
    CR enters from Lateral to Medial side
  36. Trendelenburg Postition
    Head lower than Feet
  37. Fowlers Position
    Feet lower than head
  38. Sims Position
    Recumbent oblique. Laying on the left anterior side with right knee flexed
  39. Define Position
    Position is the part closest to the IR
  40. Right Lateral Position
    Right side is closest to IR
  41. LPO Postion
    Angled position with the left posterior side closest to the IR
  42. RPO Position
    Angled, With right Posterior side closest to IR
  43. LAO Position
    Angled with Left anterior side closest to the IR
  44. RAO Position
    Angled with Right anterior side closest to the IR
  45. Decubitus Position
    Used for air fluid levels for people who can't stand. Call it side down. Mark it side up
  46. Axial Position
    Any angle of the CR of 10* or more along the long axis of the body or body part
  47. Tangential Projection
    Touching a curve or surface at only one point.
  48. Transthoracic Lateral Projection
    A lateral projection through the thorax

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview