Card Set Information

2010-03-09 15:41:19

Unit 1 Part 1
Show Answers:

  1. A concept that considers the whole person: physically, psychologically, spiritually, and socially
  2. Functioning at one's highest potential within the dynamic state of individual envionmental, cultural, and social factors that affect capability of function; step above health
  3. What is health promotion?
    Any endeavor directed at enhancing the quality of health and well-being of individuals, families, communities, and groups
  4. Name at least two reasons why there should be a focus on health promotion.
    • -Revolutionizing health care.
    • -Embodies collaborative efforts.
    • -Local, state, national, and global levels of legislation and programming
    • -At the very core of nursing practice
  5. What are the four health promotion themes?
    • -Empowerment
    • -Lifestyles
    • -Health enhancement
    • -Well-being
  6. What are the four health education components?
    • -Increasing knowledge
    • -Developing skills
    • -Changing behavior based on client goals
    • -Part of the larger concept of health promotion
  7. The idea "an eye for an eye" spurred during which time period?
    Ancient times
  8. During this time period religion was a major influence, cleansing and caring for the body were considered sinful, and the concept of quarantine was promoted.
    Middle ages (500-1500 A.D.)
  9. During this time period there were three movements:
    First Movement - Social consciousness and reform in the wealty societies
    Second Movement - Public pressure for disease prevention: focus of medicine changed from disease to prevention
    Third Movement - Evolution of nursing as a profession
    Social Mandate (late 1800s)
  10. This leader was wealthy, well-education and cared for the sick and wounded soldiers during the Crimean War. She also organized and cleaned the hospital as well as decreased the soldier mortality rate from 42.7% to 2% in 6 months. She established the first nursing school in London.
    Florence Nightingale
  11. This leader was appointed as military nurse coprs supervisor by Lincoln, located missing soldiers, and started the American Red Cross.
    Dorothea Dix
  12. This leader was a uneducated housekeeper who was sent by the church to war camp in Cairo, IL. She ordered men to chop wood, build fires, and heat water ketters against surgeons' objections.
    Mary Ann (Mother) Bickerdyke
  13. This leader was a well-educated African-American who focused on respect for individuals regardless of background, race, color or religion.
    Mary Mahoney
  14. This leader was a slave who fled to the north and cared for soldiers. She smuggled slaves through the Underground Railroad.
    Harriet Tubman
  15. This leader helped establish the ANA in 1911.
    Isabel Hampton Robb
  16. This leader was the first public helath nurse.
    Lillian Wald
  17. This leader was the first professor of nursing and was a chaired committe on nursing during WWI.
    Mary Adelaide Nutting
  18. Who was the first man inducted into ANA's Hall of Fame?
    Luther Christman
  19. What are the three needs of the consumer?
    • -Cultural diversity
    • -Safety
    • -Health promotion and wellness
  20. What are the two main goals of Healthy People 2010?
    • -Increase quality and years of healthy life
    • -Eliminate health disparities
  21. Extended education, body of knowledge, specific service, autonomy, and code of ethics are characteristics of what?
    A profession
  22. This level of care minimizes effects of disease, and includes medications, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation.
  23. This level of care preces disease and includes diet, exercise, immunizations, and hearing protection.
  24. This level of care consists of diagnosis and prompt intervention as well as screenings, mammograms, and family counseling. It also includes experiencing health problems or at risk.
  25. This type of care serves clients that are recovering from illness and/or disabilities. It helps people regain maximal function and enhances the quality of life while promoting patient independence.
    Restorative care
  26. This type of restorative care attempts to restore clients to their fullest physical, mental, social, vocational, and economic potention. It includes physical, occupational, and speech therapy, as well as social services.
  27. This tyle of restorative care involves coordination of services and equipment for health maintenance, education, illness prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, palliative care, and rehabilitation. It focuses on client and family independence.
    Home care
  28. This type of facility provides intermediate medical, nursing or custodial care for clients recovering from acute illness of disabilities. Clientes are provided care until they can return to their community or residential care.
    Extended care facility- skilled nursing facility
  29. This type of center offers services to patients in need of daily physical rehabilitation, counseling for emotional, drug, alcohol addiction and may be associated with a hospital or nursing home or operate independently.
    Adult day care centers
  30. This type of care provides short term relief or time off for those providing home care to an ill, disabled, or frail older adult.
    Respite care
  31. This type of care is for the disabled, functionally dependent, or those suffering terminal disease. It consists of nursing centers or facilities and assisted living.
    Continuing care