Geo Module 4 Review II
Card Set Information
Geo Module 4 Review II
Geo module Southeast Asia Australia Oceania
Review for second half final
Which Association has brought a new level of regional cooperation to Southeast Asia with a goal of independence and world influence?
ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)
These Southeast Asian people rebelled against Burmese government to gain independence but got their territory overrun by the army.
Southeast Asia has great air quality
Name the major rivers of Southeast Asia
What is a shortfall of the Khorat Plateau?
thin poor soils
What do Southeast Asian monsoon winds bring?
hot and rainy may to october
hot and dry november to april
What are insular environments?
regions of countless islands
How many islands does Indonesia have?
How many Islands do the Phillipines have?
These are tropical hurricanes that bring heavy rainfall to the northern reaches of insular Asia
These parts of Southeast Asia experience higher temperature and rainfall than the mainland
volcanic soil is highly infertile
Where are there dense populations in Southeast Asia?
volcanic soil areas
This system is dubbed "slash and burn" and is practice in Southeast Asian upland regions
What is the mountainous area of Southeast Asia called?..why?
the Golden Triangle
cuz of large opium production
What type of crops did Southeast Asia support during the Colonial period?
Cash Crops (sugar cane, rice, rubber,...)
What crops do Southeast Asia support today?
tea and copra
what is copra?
dried coconut meat
What were the lowlands of mainland Southeast Asia used for?
Why does Laos have the highest feritility rate in Southeast Asia?
Which country has the largest population in Southeast Asia?
This is the relocation of people from one region to another within a national territory
This country has an official policy of transmigration
These are single large urban settlements that overshadow all others
When was the first major South Asian influence brought to Southeast Asia?
2000 years ago
When was the second wave of South Asian influence brought to Southeast Asia and what was it?
Theravada Buddhism (13th century)
Indonesia is the world's most populous muslim country
When did Islam come to Southeast Asia and who brought it?
Southeast Asia highly supports and promotes religion
How many major linguistic groups exist in Southeast Asia?
What is a lingua franca?
language used for trading
Which language is the lingua franca for Southeast Asia
What is the national language of Cambodia?
Name four of the major language groups in Southeast Asia
How many geopolitical states makeup ASEAN?
Who were the first to arrive for the colonization of Southeast Asia?
Who was the last colonial influence in Southeast Asia?
Which Southeastern Island was not under colonial rule by the 1900s?
Which country had the largest empire in Southeast Asia by the 1900s?
What did the Geneva Agreement in 1954 do to Vietnam?
Partitioned it into 2 halves
What did the U.S. use to justify sending troops to Southeast Asia (mostly Vietnam)
the Domino Theory
What did the Domino Theory say?
That Vietnam falling to communism would cause the rest of S.E. Asia to follow
This was a major independence movement in Indonesia
East Timor independence
What threatened democracy in Thailand and when?
a coup back in 2006
Which islands in Southeast Asia do many nations lay claim to?
Spratly and Paracel islands
Which organization has helped solve most S.E. Asian border disputes?
What caused living standards to decline in the phillipines in the 80s and 90s?
a population that outpaced it's economic growth
This type of capitalism warrants that success in business is dependent on close relationships between businessmen and govt. officials
This is a port city where goods are imported, stored, and transshipped
This SE state transformed itself from an entrepot to one of the most modern in the world
Thailand is best known for what type of tourism?
What economic model does Vietnam follow?
The Chinese economic model
Describe the Chinese economic model
embraces market economics while retaining forms of communism
Which region has the weakest economy in SE Asia?
Why does Burma have great economic potential?
abundant natural resources
trading with China and SE Asia neighbors
Outside Singapore workers enjoy "incredibly high" wages
False "miserably low"
Movements are being made to pressure multinational corporations in Singapore to improve working conditions
SE Asian countries have great university and technical education
Literacy rates are relatively high in SE Asian countries
This is a sweeping collection of islands reaching from New Guinea and New Zealand to Hawaii
Which are the largest countries in Oceana?
Australia and New Zealand
This is Autralia's thinly settled, huge, dry interior
These are dubbed "the Dark islands"
These are dubbed "the Many Islands"
These are the "small islands"
What are some environmental risks faced in Oceania?
Which specific exotic animals led to the extinction of some native Oceania species?
rabbits, brown tree snake
How many landform regions does Australia have?
Name Australia's landform regions
Interior Lowland Basins
Great Dividing Range
What geologically active region does New Zealand lie on?
"Pacific Rim of Fire"
Describe Australia's climate in terms of center and north
monsoon rains in North during summer; dry winters
How many species of marsupials inhabit Australia and New Zealand?
Which animal is Aurstralia and New Zealand's only native mammal?
What produced Australia's animal kingdom?
Isolation and genetics
Oceania is in no way "seismically active"
Most Polynesian and Micronesian islands originated from volcanic activity
These are formed from recently geologically active volcanoes that rise to considerable height
This is an active area where moving oceanic crust passes over a supply of magma from Earth's interior, creating a chain of volcanic islands
Thes are low, sandy islands ringed by coral and often oriented around a central lagoon
High islands in Oceania get more moisture than lower islands
70% of New Zealand's population live on North Island
This is the name for ancestors of Australia's native population that made their way into the country 40,000 years ago
When was Eastern Melanesia settled?
3,500 years ago
Oceanic countries closer to Asia's landmass were settled first
Which Oceania countries were settled 2000 years ago?
When did settlement reach New Zealand, Hawaii, and Easter Island?
Colonization in this Oceanic country began in 1788 with the British Penal Colony
When did U.S. move toward Hawaii?
What is viticulture?
Australia's land is perfect for farming
What is the ratio of Livestock to People in New Zealand?
20 to 1
What are some subsistence crops in rural Oceania?
What are some commercial agricultures in rural Oceania?
Australia and New Zealand have high birthrates
These are an isolated band of hunters and gatherers with 250 languages that live in Australia
What are today's aborigines like?
Chrisian, city-workers, that speak english
%70 of Australians have English or Irish roots
What policy did Australia enact in the past favoring European and North American immigration?
"White Australia Policy"
This is the dominant culture in New Zealand
Most languages of Oceania are Austronesian
Which Oceanic country may hold the last "uncontacted peoples" on Earth?
Describe Melanesian society
fewer than 500 people and based on farming
Describe Polynesian society
class-based with violent warfare until the arrival of Europeans
These are light-skinned American and European foreigners in Oceanic countries who profited from commercial sugarcane plantation and Pacific shipping contracts
This is a largely English vocab that is blended with Melanesian grammer
Why was Pidgin English developed in Oceania?
to facilitate trade among the islands
These states in Oceania retain special political and economic ties with Western countries
This bill compensated Aborigines for already ceded lands, gave them rights to gain title to unclaimed lands still occupied, and entitiles dealings with mining companies on native-settled areas
Native Title Bill
What does "Aotearoa" mean?
Land of the white cloud
this is the name the Maori call New Zealand by
What is the name for Australia, New Zealand, and U.S. strategic alliance
What stimulated New Zealand economy?
state industries sold to private firms
Before 1970, what did New Zealand's economy rely most on
exports to Britain
This organization was designed to foster economic development in SE Asia
the Pacific Basin
APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Group)
What is the lifespan average in Australia and New Zealand?