AP Lit Key-terms

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AP Lit Key-terms
2011-08-20 23:26:49
ap lit literature

AP lit key terms
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  1. Allegory
    • Multiple levels of meaning and significance.
    • Cupid portrayed as a chubby angel with a bow and arrows
  2. Alliteration
    • The sequential repetition of a similar inital sound
    • She sells seashells by the sea shore
  3. Allusion
    • A reference
    • the life and tribulations of Frederick Douglass to the trials of Job
  4. Anaphora
    • Repetition of the same words or phrases at the beginning of successive phrases or clauses
    • "to raise a happy, healthful, and hopeful child, it takes a family; it takes clergy; it takes..."
  5. Antithesis
    • The juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced or parallel words, phrases, grammatical structure, or ideas
    • "To err is human, to forgive divine"
  6. Aphorism
    • A concise statement designed to make a point or illustrate a commonly held belief
    • "I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it."
  7. Apostrophe
    • an address or invocation to something inanimate
    • "Twinkle, twinkle little star, how I wonder what you are?"
  8. Appeals to... authority, emotion, logic
    • rhetorical arguments i which the speaker claims to be an aithority or expert in a field, or attempts to play upon the emotions, or appeals to the use of reason
    • ethos is authority or principle, logos is logic, and pathos is passion
  9. Assonance
    • the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds
    • She sells sea shells by the sea shore
    • That solitude which suits abstruser musings.
  10. Asyndeton
    • sytactical structure in which conjunctions are omitted in a series, usually producing more rapid prose
    • Veni, Vidi, Vici
    • The evening whispered perfume, the twilight warmed his eyes, the dancing melted her inhibitions, the second burrito grande spoiled his moment
  11. Attitude
    The sense expressed by the tone of voice or the mood of a piece of writing
  12. Begging the Question
    an argumentative ploy where the arguer sidesteps the question or the conflict, evades or ignores the real question.
  13. Cannon
    that which has been accepted as authentic, such as in cannon law, or the "Cannon according to the theories of Einstein"
  14. Chiasmus
    • a figure of speech/syntactical structure wherein the order of terms in the first half of a parallel clause is reversed in the second.
    • "He thinks I am but a fool. A fool, perhaps I am."
  15. Claim
    in arguemntation, an assertion of something as fact.
  16. Colloquial
    • a tern identifying the diction of the common, ordinary folks, especially in a specific region or area.
    • "Y'all"
    • "Pop" or "Soda pop"
  17. Comparison and Contrast
    a mode of discourse in which two or more things are contrasted, compared, or both.
  18. Connotation
    the implied, sugessted, or underlying meaning of a word or phrase. It is opposite of denotation which is the "dictionary definition" of the word.
  19. Conceit
    • a comparison of two unlikely things that is drawn out within a piece of literature, in particular an extended metaphor within a poem.
    • "All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances"
  20. Consonance
    • the repetition of two or more consonants with a change in the intervening vowels
    • pitter-patter
    • splish-splash
    • click-clack
  21. Convention
    • An accepted manner, model, or tradition.
    • whenever people think of the west people think of cowboys, cowboy boots, cacti, etc
  22. Critique
    an assessment or analysis of something, such as a passage of writing, for the purpose of determining what it is, what its limitations are, and how it conforms to the standard of the genre
  23. Deduction
    the method of argument in which specific statements and conclusions are drawn from general principles: movement from the general to the speific, in contrat to Induction
  24. Dialect
    • the language and speech idiosyncrasies of a specific area, region, or group.
    • minnesotans may say "you betcha"
    • southerners, "y'all"
    • new yorkers, "you's guys"
  25. Diction
    The specific words choice an author uses to convey tone, purpose, or effect.
  26. Didactic
    • (fom the Greek, meaning "good teaching") writing or speech is didactic when it has an instructive purpose or a lesson.
    • an example would be aesop's fables
  27. Elegy
    • a poem or prose work that laments, or meditates upon the death of, a person or persons.
    • reminder, Elegy trumpet song
  28. Epistrophe
    • in rhetoric, the repetition of a phrase at the end of successive sentences.
    • (like hypophora)
  29. Epitaph
    writing in praise of a dead person, most often inscribed upon a headstone.
  30. Euphemism
    • an idirect way of expressing naughty things.. or just unpleasant things.
    • We danced the mattress jig!
  31. Exposition
    The interpretation or analysis of a text
  32. Eulogy
    a speech or written passage in praise of a person; an oration in honor of a deceased person.
  33. Extended Metaphor
    A series of comparisons within a piece of writing. If they are consistently one concept, this is also known as conceit