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a comparison, often elaborate, extended, or startling, between objects which are apparently dissimilar; a type of extended metaphor
- ex. Oh stay! three lives in one flea spare
- Where we almost, yea more than married are
- This flea is you and I and this
- Our marriage bed and marriage temple is
reference to something or someone by naming one of its attributes
ex. We await word from the crown.
a statement that does not logically follow another
ex. If you get hit by a car when you are six, you will die young. But you were not hit by a car when you were six, thus you will not die young.
placing two ordinarily opposing terms adjacent to one another
ex. Festina lente (Make haste slowly)
a statement that is self-contradictory on the surface, yet seems to evoke a truth nonetheless
ex. What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young.
refers to the quality of literary works that deal with the pleasures of a simple, rural life
employing many conjunctions between clauses, often slowing the tempo or rhythm
ex. and, and, and, and
ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of bringing about reform
a speech in which a character, alone on the stage, addresses himself or herself
- a poem of 14 lines, normally iambic pentameter
the transposition of initial or other sounds of words, as in a blushing crow for a crushing blow
stream of consciousness
narrative that presents the private thoughts of a character without commentary or interpretation by the author
a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises; first major, then minor, then conclusion
- Ex. everything that lives moves (major)
- no mountain moves (minor)
- no mountain lives (conclusion)
a whole is represented by naming one of its parts
- Ex. Listen, youve got to come look at my new wheels
- A vehicle is referred to in terms of some of its parts, "wheels"
imagery that involves the use of one sense to evoke another
Ex. loud color, warm gesture
a 19 line poem consisting of 5 tercets rhymed aba and a concluding quatrain phymed abaa
a general term describing when one part of speech (normally the verb) governs two or more other parts of a sentence
Ex. He missed his wife and the train