Chapter 1: Study of American Government

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Chapter 1: Study of American Government
2011-08-21 14:50:03
AP Government

American Government Tenth Edition James Q. Wilson
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  1. Aristotle
    During his time in Greece in the fourteenth century the Greek governent was focused on each city-state or polis. Every adult white male had citizenship.
  2. Authority
    The right to use power
  3. Bureaucracy
    The government is dominated by appointed officials.
  4. Bureaucratic Theory
    The idea of a bureaucracy is to have specialized people overseeing certain aspects of government, so that it can be run more efficiently
  5. City-state
    or polis was a quite small greek city.
  6. Democracy
    The rule of the many
  7. Direct or Participatory Democracy
    A government in which all or most citizens participate directly.
  8. Elite
    Persons who posses a diproportionate share of some valued resource, like money or power
  9. Elitist Theory
    The theoretical view held by many social scientists which holds that American politics is best understood through the generalization that nearly all political power is held by a relatively small and wealthy group of people sharing similar values and interests and mostly coming from relatively similar privileged backgrounds.
  10. Legitimacy
    Political authority conferred by law or by state or national constituition.
  11. Majoritarian Politics
    In a "Representative Democracy", The leaders or office holders will be so constrained, by what the majority of the people they are representing, that the actions of these office holders will follow the preferences of the citizens very closely, This is known as Majoritarian Politics.
  12. Marxist Theory
    View that the government is dominated by capitalists
  13. Mills
    C. Wright Mills, the man who proposed the power elite view: view that the government is dominated by a few top leaders, mot of whom are outside of government.
  14. Pluralist Theory
    The belief that competition among all affected interest shapes public policy.
  15. Polis
    or city-state was a quite small greek city.
  16. Political Power
    Political officials influency individiuals to be in accordance with their view
  17. Power
    the ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions
  18. Representative Democracy
    A government in which leaders make decisions by winning a competitive struggle for the popular vote.
  19. Weber
    A german scholar named Max Weber (1864-1920). He believed the dominant social and political reality of modern times was that all instituitions, governmental and nongovernmental, have fallen under the control of large bureaucracies whose expertise and competence are essential to the management of contemporary affair. Beureaucratic View