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  1. Vitamin A (retinol) deficiency causes:
    Night blindness
  2. Hyper-Vitamin A (retinol) causes:
    beta caratinema (yellow/orange skin and normal sclera)
  3. Vitamin B (thiamine) deficiency causes:
    Beri Beri (encephalopathy and psycosis)
  4. Alcoholism causes a deficiency of what vitamin?
    Thiamine (Vitamine B1)
  5. Vitamin B1 Thiamine from alcohol causes:
    Wernike Kosakoff syndrome
  6. Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) deficiency causes:
    cheilosis (sore cracks at corners of mouth)
  7. Vitamin B3 (Niacin) deficiency causes:
    Pellagra (4 D's: Dementia, Dermatitis, Diarrhea, & Death)
  8. Vitamin B (pyridoxine) is used for the treatment of what:
    peripheral nerve healing (CTS), Natural diuretic and treatment of carpal tunnel
  9. Vitamin B9 (folic acid) is what type of anemia?
    magaloblastic/ macrocytic anemia- seen in alcoholics
  10. Deficiency of Vitamin B9 (folic acid) causes:
    • In pregnancy: neural tube defects
    • Deficiency produces Glossitis
  11. Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) produces what type of anemia?
    Pernicious anemia
  12. Vitamin B 12( cobalamin) deficiency is tested by what?
    Schilling test is positive: megaloblastic anemia
  13. Vitamin B12 is masked by a deficiency of what?
    Folic Acid
  14. PLS (posterolateral sclerosis) may prsent with which vitamin?
    Vitamin B12
  15. Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) deficiency causes:
    • scurvy and capillary fragility (bleeding gums, poor wound healing, bruises easily, swollen gums).
    • Smokers are often deficient- supplement!
  16. hypervitaminosis of Vit. C produces:
  17. Vitamin D deficiency is what?
    Rickets (osteomalacia- bone softening)
  18. Rickets patients present with:
    deficient vitamin D, rachitic rosary near sternum, saber shin. x-ray paint brush metaphysis on x-ray.
  19. Vitamin E (Tocopherol) is what?
    an antioxident for the cardiovascular system
  20. Vitamin K is made where in the body?
    Intestinal flora
  21. Vitamin K is used for what?
    Clotting- injected into newborns at the hospital
  22. Anticoagulants are contraindicated with which vitamin deficiency?
    Vitamin K
  23. Omega 3 Fatty acids are used to treat:
  24. Zinc is necessary for what:
    prostate health, wound healing, and immune system.
  25. Selenium toxicity produces damage to___:
    the hair, nails and skin.
  26. Chromium is essential for patients with:
  27. Chromium is also known as:
    Glucose tolerance factor
  28. Number one mineral deficiency in the world:
  29. Number one mineral deficiency in the UNITED STATES:
  30. A practicioner who takes care of interal diseases is called:
  31. A cancer specialist
  32. This doc takes care of GI dysfunctions:
  33. This doc treats gladular diseases including Diabetes mellitius
  34. specialist in the GU tract including the prostate
  35. specialist of the heart and heart conditions
  36. Specializes in neurological disorders:
  37. Treats children under age of 14
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