vitamins

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Author:
werika
ID:
97830
Filename:
vitamins
Updated:
2011-08-21 20:23:41
Tags:
NBCE Vitamins
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Description:
Vitamins!
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  1. Vitamin A (retinol) deficiency causes:
    Night blindness
  2. Hyper-Vitamin A (retinol) causes:
    beta caratinema (yellow/orange skin and normal sclera)
  3. Vitamin B (thiamine) deficiency causes:
    Beri Beri (encephalopathy and psycosis)
  4. Alcoholism causes a deficiency of what vitamin?
    Thiamine (Vitamine B1)
  5. Vitamin B1 Thiamine from alcohol causes:
    Wernike Kosakoff syndrome
  6. Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) deficiency causes:
    cheilosis (sore cracks at corners of mouth)
  7. Vitamin B3 (Niacin) deficiency causes:
    Pellagra (4 D's: Dementia, Dermatitis, Diarrhea, & Death)
  8. Vitamin B (pyridoxine) is used for the treatment of what:
    peripheral nerve healing (CTS), Natural diuretic and treatment of carpal tunnel
  9. Vitamin B9 (folic acid) is what type of anemia?
    magaloblastic/ macrocytic anemia- seen in alcoholics
  10. Deficiency of Vitamin B9 (folic acid) causes:
    • In pregnancy: neural tube defects
    • Deficiency produces Glossitis
  11. Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) produces what type of anemia?
    Pernicious anemia
  12. Vitamin B 12( cobalamin) deficiency is tested by what?
    Schilling test is positive: megaloblastic anemia
  13. Vitamin B12 is masked by a deficiency of what?
    Folic Acid
  14. PLS (posterolateral sclerosis) may prsent with which vitamin?
    Vitamin B12
  15. Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) deficiency causes:
    • scurvy and capillary fragility (bleeding gums, poor wound healing, bruises easily, swollen gums).
    • Smokers are often deficient- supplement!
  16. hypervitaminosis of Vit. C produces:
    Diarrhea
  17. Vitamin D deficiency is what?
    Rickets (osteomalacia- bone softening)
  18. Rickets patients present with:
    deficient vitamin D, rachitic rosary near sternum, saber shin. x-ray paint brush metaphysis on x-ray.
  19. Vitamin E (Tocopherol) is what?
    an antioxident for the cardiovascular system
  20. Vitamin K is made where in the body?
    Intestinal flora
  21. Vitamin K is used for what?
    Clotting- injected into newborns at the hospital
  22. Anticoagulants are contraindicated with which vitamin deficiency?
    Vitamin K
  23. Omega 3 Fatty acids are used to treat:
    hypercholesterolemia
  24. Zinc is necessary for what:
    prostate health, wound healing, and immune system.
  25. Selenium toxicity produces damage to___:
    the hair, nails and skin.
  26. Chromium is essential for patients with:
    Diabetes
  27. Chromium is also known as:
    Glucose tolerance factor
  28. Number one mineral deficiency in the world:
    Iron
  29. Number one mineral deficiency in the UNITED STATES:
    Calcium
  30. A practicioner who takes care of interal diseases is called:
    internist
  31. A cancer specialist
    oncologist
  32. This doc takes care of GI dysfunctions:
    Gastroenterologist
  33. This doc treats gladular diseases including Diabetes mellitius
    endocrinologist
  34. specialist in the GU tract including the prostate
    Urologist
  35. specialist of the heart and heart conditions
    cardiologist
  36. Specializes in neurological disorders:
    neurologist
  37. Treats children under age of 14
    pediatrician

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