peds 10

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carolyn
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97835
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peds 10
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2011-09-09 19:02:24
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  1. development occurs _______ through lifespan
    continuously
  2. measurable changes in the physical size of the body and its parts
    growth
  3. examples of growth?
    changes in height, weight, dental structure and bone density
  4. how does growth rate vary?
    from periods of rapid and slow growth
  5. rapid growth is most common in _____ stages
    prenatal, infant, adolescent
  6. behavioral changes in skills and functional abilities
    development
  7. process of becoming fully grown and developed, applies to physiological and behavioral aspects
    maturation
  8. assimilation of information resulting in behavior change
    learning
  9. during life span stages certain ____ must be accomplished
    developmental tasks
  10. time of mst rapid growth or development in a stage of he life span is called ____
    critical period
  11. during a critical period an individual is most vulnerable to _____
    stressors
  12. growth, development, maturation, and learning are _____ processes
    interdependant
  13. what is the exact rate of development for individuals
    cannot be predicted
  14. principles or order of growth and development
    • 1. cephalocaudal - (head to toe)
    • 2. proximodistal - (functions near midline develop before those distant
  15. factors that influence growth and development
    • heredity
    • heath status
    • life experience
    • culture
  16. blueprint for individuals growth and development
    heredity
  17. developmental milestones can be delayed by?
    • health status
    • illness
    • disability
  18. rate of growth and development is influenced by?
    life experiences
  19. age of mastery is determined by?
    culture
  20. chronological age and developmental age are ______
    NOT the same
  21. physiological dimension of growth and development consist of
    • physical size and functioning
    • genetics
    • nutrition
    • CNS
    • endocrine system
  22. psychosocial dimension consists of
    • feelings
    • interpersonal relationship
    • self concept
    • willingness
    • acceptance
    • etc
  23. perception of ones self including body image, self esteem and ideal self
    self concept
  24. theorists that identified sexuality (anything that gives the body pleasure)
    freud
  25. theorist that believed each psychosocial stage has to be mastered
    erickson
  26. 4 stages of intellectual development
    • sensorimotor
    • preoperational
    • concrete
    • formal
  27. process of taking in new experiences or information
    assimilation
  28. allows for adjustment of thinking to take in new info. to increase understanding
    accomodation
  29. change resulting from assimilation and accomodation
    adaptation
  30. persons value system that helps decide right from wrong
    moral dimension
  31. the ability to decide for oneself what is right
    moral maturity
  32. dimension described as sense of personal meaning
    spiritual dimension
  33. refers to relationships with oneself, others, and a divine source
    spirituality
  34. basic concept of nursing
    provide care to the whole person
  35. development beginning with conception and ending with birth
    prenatal satge
  36. 3 phases of prenatal stage
    • germinal
    • embryonic
    • fetal
  37. begins with conception and lasts 10-14 days
    germinal
  38. cns of a baby forms in what stage
    prenatal germinal phase
  39. weeks 2-8 after conception marked by rapid cell differentiation, body system development, and growth
    embryonic
  40. the intrauterine development period from 8 weeks to birth characterized by rapid growth and body parts
    fetal phase
  41. why is early prenatal care important
    for positive pregnancy turnout
  42. primary environment affecting prenatal growth and development
    uterus
  43. what is the consequence for a mother with inadequate nutrition
    preterm or low birth weight infant
  44. alcohol use during pregnancy results in _____- where fetal development is impaired resulting in physical and intellectual problems
    fetal alcohol syndrome (fas)
  45. alcohol consumption is most dangerous during ____ when embryo's brain and vital organs are developing
    first 3 months
  46. leading cause of mental retardation among infants
    FAS
  47. anything that crosses the placenta and impairs ormolu growth and development
    teratogenic substance
  48. first 28 days of life following birth; time of major adjustment to extrauterine life
    neonatal
  49. neonate =
    newborn
  50. ____ plays a major role in a neonates survival
    reflex
  51. adjusting to a parental figure is a major ____ task of a neonate
    psychological
  52. when does bonding occur
    initial eye contact with baby and parent
  53. attachment between parent and child
    bonding
  54. foundation for trust
    bonding
  55. most important nursing activity in promoting neonate wellness is
    teaching
  56. when dealing with infants what is a primary concern
    safety
  57. primary cause of neonatal death
    • low birth weight
    • premature birth
    • infection
  58. development from the ned of the first month to the end of the first year of life; period of adaptation, physiological and psychological growth
    infancy
  59. stage that begins at 12-18 months of age when a child begins to walk alone and ends at 3 years of age
    toddler
  60. major stressor for toddlers
    separation from parents
  61. development stage from 3-6 when physical growth slows, and psychosocial and cognitive development accelerate
    preschool stage

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