Card Set Information
if scoliosis is present- contact the side of ___:
segment is stuck
segment cant move there
Increased interspinous space between the involved segment and the sement below with decreased interspinous space between the involved segment and the segment above=
Decreased motion or segmental fixation
loosened motor unit:
Abberant motion is a segment that moves in a manner ____:
inconsistent wiht their corresponding area.
In gonstead listings the second letter refers to:
the spinous rotation= R or L
in gonstead the 3rd letter refers to:
lateral flexion or wedging either S or I
National listing first letter refers to:
body rotation (R or L)
National body listing 2nd letter refers to:
posteriority (always P)
the third letter in national body listings is refering to:
lateral flexion/open wedgeing
Convert gonstead PRS listing into a National listing:
The PI ilium as seen off an xray demonstrates what:
low femur head, anterior sacrum, longer innominate, larger obturator, increased lordosis
PI ilium palpates:
spongy edema at posterior superior margin of SI jt.
AS ilium as seen of xray demonstrates what:
higher femur head, posterior sacrum, shorter innominate, smaller obturator, decreased lumbar lordosis
AS ilium palpates:
spongy edema at posterior inferior margin of SI jt
IN ilium as seen off xray demonstrates:
increased width of ilium (wider), narrob obturator, decreased anterior curve, raised femur head
IN ilium as visualized on patient:
causes the foot to diverge away from midline (foot flair, toe out, EX rotation)
EX ilium as seen off xray demonstrates:
decreased width producing a narrow ilium, increased width of the obturator, anterior lumbar curve increased, lowered femur head
EX ilium as visualized on a patient:
causes the foot to diverge toward the midline (toe in, internal rotation)
Lovette positive classification: AI sacrum is on the side of the :
PI ilium (short leg)
Lovette positive classification: spinouses deviate ___
away from convexity
6 absolute contraindications for adjusting:
malingnancy, tumor, infection, fracture, AAA, recent surgery
6 relative contraindications for adjusting:
osteoporosis, spondylo, RA, cardiovascular predisposing factors, congenital anomalies, acute spastic muscle region
what is facilitated/hypertonic in Upper Crossed syndrome?
Levators, pec major, upper traps, SCM, scalenes, suboccipitals~ stretch these!
what is inhibited/lengthened in Upper crossed syndrome?
Rhomboids, Lower/middle traps, serratus, teres minor, longus coli/capitus~ strengthen these!
Open chain exercises involve that the hand and foot is:
free to move.
example of open chain exercises:
bench press, biceps curl, leg extension
closed chain exercises involve that the hand and foot:
closed chain exercise examples:
pushups, pull-ups, squats, lunges
Cervical facets are in the ___ plane & perform ___ motion.
Thoracic facets are in the ___ plane & perform___ motion.
coronal, lateral flexion
Lumbar facets are in the __ facet & perform ___ motion.
Lumbosacral facets are in the ___ plane & perform ___motion.
Coupled motion in the cervical and T1-T6: Spinous process' rotate__________ and vertebral bodies rotate _______.
into the convexity, into concavity
Coupled motion in T7- lumbars: spinous process' rotate _______ and vertebral bodies rotate ______.
rotate into concavity, rotate into convexity
The thyroid cartilage is located at what landmark:
The cricoid cartilage is located at:
The Carotid tubercle is located at the level of:
The last moveable segment is:
Vertebral prominens in 70% of people is:
The spine of the scapula is located at the level of:
the inferior angle of the scapula is located at __ when lying down, and __ when seated.
T6, T7 (think 7-up, t7 when sitting up).
the umbilicus is located at the level of:
patients w lateral disc protrusions, the patient leans to toward the ______ side of the sciatica to alleviate pain.
Also this patient will have a positive kemp's side to the ___ side of pain.
patients with a medial disc protrusion, the patient leans toward the ___ side of the sciatic pain to alleviate pain.
Also this patient will have a positive kemps to the ____side of pain.
MC type of disc bulge is:
the sacrum drops ant/inf on Left, L5 spinous will do what?
rotate to the R
to correct a hyperlordosis in Lumbar spine stretch ____, strengthen ____
cervical facets are in the ___ plane, while lumbar facets are in the ___ plane.
Lumbar segment fixated in R lateral flexion w/ R body rotaiton, w/ R convexity: Listing and contact?
PLI, Contact R mammillary
PRS: restricted _ rotation and Fixated _ LF
Doc on the Right side of the prone patient, on T6 transverse process with clockwise torque. What is the listing?
LOD on prone patient with L sp rotation and L wedge:
LOD on a prone patient: doctor is on the R side, contacting the R side of spinous process for single hand move on T6 is:
Pt is L side up, R hand digital contact pulling spinous R to L with a counter-clockwise torque. What is the listing?
Segment is fixed in L rotation, L Lateral bending: listing is what? (gonstead and national listing)
PR- gonstead listing, LP- national body listing