BIO 212

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Author:
sscoburn
ID:
97939
Filename:
BIO 212
Updated:
2011-08-22 12:06:11
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BIO
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Description:
Anatomy and Physiology Week 1
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  1. Superior
    Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above. (AKA Cranial)

    The head is superior to the abdomen.
  2. Orientation and Direction (17)
    • 1. Superior
    • 2. Inferior
    • 3. Anterior
    • 4. Posterior

    • 5. Cranial
    • 6. Caudal
    • 7. Venral
    • 8. Dorsal

    • 9. Medial
    • 10. Lateral
    • 11. Intermediate

    • 12. Proximal
    • 13. Distal
    • 14. Superficial
    • 15. Deep
    • 16. External
    • 17. Internal
  3. Anterior
    Toward or at the front of the body; in front of (AKA Ventral)

    The breastbone is anterior to the spine.
  4. Inferior
    Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below. (AKA Caudal)

    The navel is inferior to the chin.
  5. Posterior
    Toward or at the back of the body; behind. (AKA Dorsal)

    The heart is posterior to the breastbone.
  6. Cranial
    Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above. (AKA Superior)
  7. Caudal
    Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below. (AKA Inferior)
  8. Ventral
    Toward or at the front of the body; in front of. (AKA Anterior)
  9. Dorsal
    Toward or at the back of the body; behind. (AKA Posterior)
  10. Medial
    Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of.

    The heart is medial to the arm.
  11. Lateral
    Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of.

    The arms are lateral to the chest.
  12. Intermediate
    Between a more medial and a more lateral structure.

    The collarbone is intermediate between the breastbone and sholder.
  13. Proximal
    Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.

    The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
  14. Distal
    Farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.

    The knee is distal to the thigh.
  15. Superficial
    Toward or at the body surface. (AKA External)

    The skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles.
  16. Deep
    Away from the body surface; more internal. (AKA Internal)

    The lungs are deep to the skin.
  17. External
    Toward or at the body surface. (AKA Superficial)
  18. Internal
    Away form the body surface; more internal. (AKA Deep)
  19. Body Cavities (2)
    • 1. Dorsal Cavity
    • 2. Ventral Cavity

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