NITROGLYCERIN

Card Set Information

Author:
Kylecon40
ID:
97953
Filename:
NITROGLYCERIN
Updated:
2011-08-22 13:53:24
Tags:
Drugs
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Description:
NITROGLYCERIN
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  1. Class:
    Nitrate
  2. Trade Names:
    NTG, Nitro, Nitrostat, Nitrobid
  3. Actions:
    • 1. Causes peripheral vasodilation; reduces preload, and peripheral vascular resistance
    • 2. Decreases myocardial workload, and oxygen demand
    • 3. Dilates coronary arteries to increase myocardial perfusion
    • 4. Reduces coronary vasospasms
  4. Indications:
    • 1. Chest pain associated with acute myocardial infarction and angina
    • 2. Acute pulmonary edema
  5. Contraindications:
    • 1. Hypotension (Systolic blood pressure >90 mm/Hg)
    • 2. Use of phosphodiesterase inhibitors Patient who has taken a sexual enhancement medication such as Viagra® / Cialis® / Levitra® in 24hr
    • 3. Severe bradycardia (<50bpm)
    • 4. Tachycardia
    • 5. RV infarction
    • 6. Head injury
    • 7. Cerebral bleed
  6. Side Effects:
    • Cardiovascular: Hypotension, tachycardia
    • CNS: Headache, dizziness, weakness
    • GI: Nausea, and vomiting
  7. Administration:
    • 1. Aerosol Spray: Lingual 0.4 mg (May be sprayed on or under the tongue).
    • 2. Tablets: Sublingual 0.4 mg (1 tablet placed under the tongue).
    • May repeat q 5 min repeating NTG titrated to Pain/Blood Pressure.
  8. Description:
    • Nitroglycerin is an organic nitrate, and potent
    • vasodilator.

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