Porcine Terms

Card Set Information

Author:
smvanjoske10
ID:
97962
Filename:
Porcine Terms
Updated:
2011-08-29 12:59:07
Tags:
Pig
Folders:

Description:
everything porcine
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  1. Hog Snare
    • Long metal pole w/ wire loop at the
    • end
    • Wire loop is pulled over jaw only
    • Pig will pull against restrainer.
    • (tug-o-war)
  2. Normal Porcine Values
    • Temp: 102 – 103.6 (102.6)
    • Pulse: 60 – 80 bpm
    • Resp:
    • 8-13 rpm
  3. Mature Male
    Boar
  4. Mature Female
    Sow
  5. Newborn
    Piglet
  6. Young Male
    Boar
  7. Young Female
    Gilt
  8. Castrated Male
    Barrow
  9. Produce largest litters and are better mothers
    White Breeds
  10. Meatier and grow very fast
  11. "erect ears"
    Shire
  12. Puberty
    6 months of age
  13. breeding season
    • Year round
    • Continuall polyestrous/ spontaneous ovulators
  14. Estrous Cycle Length
    18-21 days
  15. Length of Heat
    2-3 days
  16. Signs of Heat
    • Vulva red and swollen
    • Pig will stand when pressure is applied directly to their back
  17. Gestation Length
    • 114 days
    • 3 mos/3 wks/ 3 days
  18. Parturition "Farrowing"
    • Average 1.8 litters per year
    • Litter size is normally 10-12
    • average number of pigs weaned 8
  19. Dip umbilicus in iodine
    give iron injection
    Ear notch for identification
    Tail Dock
    Clip needle teeth
    Newborn Care
  20. Weaned
    3-5 weeks
  21. Pig Nutrition "slop"
    • Carbohydrates
    • Corn/ Barley/ Oats
    • Source of energy
    • Protein
    • Soybean meal
    • Source of amino acids
    • Vitamins & Minerals
    • Given in a mineral mix top dressing
    • Water
    • Pigs can die if they go 48 hours
    • without water
    • CNS signs are abundant when
    • dehydrated
  22. Open Herd
    new pigs being added to farm's herd continually
  23. Closed Herd
    "all in/ all out"
  24. Birth - 3 weeks of age
    up to 10lbs
    Nursing Pigs
  25. 3-5 weeks of age
    10-18lbs
    start using "creep feed"
    this is the period of weaning.
    Pre-starters
  26. 5-10 weeks of age
    18-50lbs
    Start feeding corn & soybean meal
    Starters
  27. 10-16 weeks of age
    50-120lbs
    corn & soybean meal diet
    Growers
  28. 16-24 weeks of age
    120-240lbs Corn & soybean meal diet
    Finishing
  29. Sows give birth to piglets here
    "Farrowing Crates" are usually 3'x5'
    Temp should be at 68 degrees for sow.
    Heat lamps should be in each crate for the piglets.
    Farrowing Barn
  30. Pre starters and starter are raised here (up to 10 wks of age)
    80-85 degrees
    Sorted into pens by age and size
    Nursery
  31. Raised here until slaughter
    Cooler temp
    Pens usually have slated floors over concrete pits
    Sorted by age and size
    Finishing Barn
  32. Farrowing Unit
    Farrow and wean... then sell weanlings
  33. Farrow to Finish
    • Farrow/ Wean/ Finish
    • Sell finished pigs for slaughter
  34. Finishing Unit
    • Buys weanlings
    • Finish weanlings for slaughter

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