Hemotology Intro & Diseases
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What stores white & red blood cells?
What organ contains macrophages and restores damaged RBC's?
What organ stores T lymphocytes and is the site of maturation?
What contains WBC that help remove old and damaged RBC's from the bloodstream?
What blood component serves as a transport medium for nutrients, waste, electrolytes, gases, ect.?
What blood component protects & fights infection?
White Blood Cells
What blood component assist in formation of clots?
The 3 types of WBC's?
Name the 3 types of Granulocytes and what they do?
What are the different types of Lymphocytes and what do they do?
T & B lymphocytes
- Provide immune response capabilities
- Produce the antibodies to fight infections
What else is a monocyte known as and what does it do?
4 key factors of coagulation
- Fibrin Stabilizing Factor
What is Anemia?
How does it work?
Decrease in RBC's, HGB, & HCT
- Decreased hemoglobin
- =decreased O2 reaching tissues & organs of the body
Name the different types of Anemia
- Vitamin B12 Deficiency
- Iron Deficiency
- Folate Deficiency
- Anemia of Chronic Disease
- Sickle Cell Anemia
What is Iron Deficiency?
Body is low on iron caused by lack of iron in the diet
What is Folate Deficiency Anemia?
Inability to synthesize folate, which stops hematopoiesis
What is Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia?
AKA pernicious, stops the maturation of RBC's in bone marrow
What is Sickle Cell Anemia?
- C shaped RBC's that are unable to transport oxygen
What is Anemia of Chronic Disease?
Is figured out to be the diagnosis after other forms of anemia are tested out
What is Polycythemia?
Increased number of RBC's, WBC's and platelets
- Either a malfunction in the Bone Marrow
- Low oxygen levels
What is Hemophilia?
Genetic deficiency in clotting factors
What is Leukemias?
A group of disorders affecting the hematopoietic or lymphoid system
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