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What are the five basic assessment techniques? Explain each.
- 1) Inspection - visual examination of body parts
- 2) Palpation - uses touch to detech, temp, texture, mobility, etc.
- 3) Percussion - involves tapping the body with fingertips to evaluate the size and consistancy of body organs and discover fluid in body cavities.
- 4) Ausculation - listening with a stethoscope to sounds produced by the body.
- 5) Olfaction - uses the sense of small to dectect abnormalities.
During an assessment, why would you palpate tender areas last?
Because it can cause the patient to become tense and hinder the assessment.
What is included in the general survey?
An assessment of the patient's vital signs, height & weight, general behavior, and appearance.
A patient interviewing is having trouble breathing during a general assessment - what do you do?
Defer general assessment until later and focus immediately on body system affected. Signs establish priorities re: what part of the exam to conduct first.
Which of the following can a NAP not perform:
1. Vital signs after initial assessment
3. Monitor oral intake and urinary output
4. Conduct a general survey on the patient
4. Conduct a general survey on the patient. Assessments are the responsibility of the RN or higher.
What are the normal ranges for the following:
a. Urine specific gravity
- a. Urine specific gravity-1.010 to 1.030
- b. Hematocrit - 38% to 47% for females; 40% to 54% for males.
When measuring urine output, you should notify a healthcare provider if the urine output is ____ ____ ____mL.
less than 30
Name Airborne diseases
Airborne: TB, measles, chickenpox, smallpox
Name droplet diseases
Droplet: pertusis, influenzae, meningitis