Medical Term

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coronagirl415
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98231
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Medical Term
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2011-09-11 20:40:26
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  1. a-
    not, without, less
  2. ab-, abs-
    from, away from, off
  3. acou-
    hearing
  4. ad-
    increase, adherence, motion toward
  5. aden(o)-
    gland
  6. adip(o)-
    fat
  7. -al
    pertaining to
  8. alb(o)-
    white
  9. alge(si), algio-, algo-
    pain
  10. allo-
    other, different
  11. ambi-
    around, on (both sides), on all sides, both
  12. an-
    not, without, less
  13. andr(o)-
    male
  14. angi(o)-
    vessel
  15. ante-
    before
  16. anti-
    against
  17. apo-
    separated from, derived from
  18. -ar
    pertaining to
  19. -arche
    beginning
  20. arteri(o)-
    artery
  21. arth(o)-
    joint
  22. -ary
    pertaining to
  23. -ase
    enzyme
  24. athero-
    pasty, fatty
  25. audi(o)-
    hearing
  26. aur(i)-
    ear
  27. aut(o)-
    self, same
  28. bacteri(o)-
    bacteria
  29. bi-
    twice
  30. bio-
    life
  31. blasto-
    budding of cells or tissue
  32. branchi(o)-
    arm
  33. brachy-
    short
  34. bronch-, bronch(i)-
    bronchus
  35. brady-
    slow
  36. carcin(o)-
    cancer
  37. cardi(o)-
    heart
  38. carpo-
    wrist
  39. caud(o)-
    tail, lower part of body
  40. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  41. cephal(o)-
    head
  42. cervic(o)-
    neck, uterine cervix
  43. chir(o)-
    hand
  44. cho(e)-
    bile
  45. chondrio-, chondr(o)-
    cartilage, granular, gritty
  46. -cidal, -cide
    killing, destroying
  47. -clast
    breaker
  48. co-, col-
    with, together, in association
  49. com-, con-
    with, together, in association
  50. contra-
    opposed, against
  51. cost(o)-
    rib
  52. crani(o)-
    cranium
  53. -crine
    secretion
  54. cry(o)-
    cold
  55. cyan(o)-
    blue
  56. cyst(i)-, cyst(o)-
    bladder, cyst
  57. cyt-, -cyte, cyto-
    cell
  58. dactyl(o)-
    finger, toe
  59. de-
    away from, cessation
  60. derm-, derma-, dermato-, dermo-
    skin
  61. -desis
    binding
  62. dextr(o)-
    right, toward the right side
  63. di-, dif-, dir-, dis-
    separation, taking apart, reversal
  64. duo-
    two
  65. duodeno-
    duodenum
  66. -dynia
    pain
  67. dys-
    bad, difficult, wrong
  68. ect(o)-
    outer, on the outside
  69. -ectasia, -ectasis
    dilation, stretching
  70. -ectomy
    excision
  71. encephal(o)-
    brain
  72. end(o)-
    within, inner
  73. enter(o)-
    intestine
  74. ep-, epi-
    upon, follow
  75. erythr(o)-
    red, redness
  76. esthesio-
    sensation, perception
  77. eu-
    good, well
  78. ex-
    out of, from, away from
  79. exo-
    exterior, external, outward
  80. extra-
    without, outside of
  81. fibr(o)-
    fiber
  82. -form
    in the shape or form of
  83. galact(o)-
    milk
  84. gastr(o)-
    stomach
  85. gen-, -gen
    producing, precursor coming to be
  86. gloss(o)-
    tongue
  87. gluco-
    glucose
  88. glyco-
    sugars
  89. gonio-
    angle
  90. -gram
    writing, recording
  91. granul(o)-
    granular
  92. gyn(e), gyneco-. gyno-
    women
  93. hem(a)-, hemat(o)-, hemo-
    blood
  94. hepat-, hepatico-, hepato-
    liver
  95. hemi-
    one-half
  96. hidr(o)-
    sweat
  97. hist-, histio-, histo-
    tissue
  98. homeo-
    same, constant
  99. hydr(o)-
    water, hydrogen
  100. hyper-
    above normal, excessive
  101. hypo-
    below normal, deficient
  102. hyster(o)-
    uterus
  103. -ia
    condition
  104. -iasis
    contition, infection
  105. -ic
    pertaining to
  106. ileo-
    ilium
  107. in-
    in, not
  108. infra-
    below
  109. inguino-
    groin
  110. inter-
    between, among
  111. intra-, intro-
    within
  112. ischi(o)-
    ischium
  113. -ism
    condition, disease
  114. -ismus
    spasm, contraction
  115. iso-
    equal, like, sameness
  116. -ite
    of the nature of, sameness
  117. -itis
    inflammation
  118. kal(i)-
    potassium
  119. kary(o)-
    nucleus
  120. kerat(o)-
    cornea, cornified epithelium
  121. kin(e)-, kinesi(o)-, kineso-, kino-
    movement
  122. labio-
    lip
  123. lacrium(o)-
    tears
  124. lact(i)-, lacto-
    milk
  125. laparo-
    abdomen, abdominal wall
  126. laryng(o)-
    larynx
  127. lateri, latero-
    lateral, to one side, side
  128. -lepsis, -lepsy
    seizure
  129. leuk(o)-
    white
  130. lein(o)-
    spleen
  131. linguo-
    tongue
  132. lip(o)-
    fat, lipid
  133. lith(o)-
    stone, calculus, calcification
  134. -logy
    study of, collecting
  135. lymph(o)-
    lymph, lymphocyte
  136. lys(o)-, -lysis, -lytic
    dissolution, disintrgration
  137. macr(o)-
    large
  138. mal-
    bad, deficient
  139. -malacia
    softening
  140. mamm-, mamm(a)-, mammo-
    breast
  141. mast(o)-
    breast
  142. meg(a)-, megal(o)-
    large, oversized
  143. -megaly
    enlargement
  144. melan(o)-
    black
  145. men(o)-
    menstruation
  146. mening(o)-
    meninges
  147. mes(o)-
    middle, attaching membrane
  148. meta-
    after, joint action
  149. metr(o)-
    uterus
  150. micr(o)-
    small, microscopic
  151. mon(o)-
    single
  152. morph(o)-
    form, shape, structure
  153. my(o)-
    muscle
  154. myel(o)-
    bone marrow, spinal cord
  155. myring(o)-
    tympanice membrane
  156. myx(o)-
    mucus
  157. nas(o)-
    nose
  158. natr(i)-
    sodium
  159. necr(o)-
    death, necrosis
  160. neo-
    new
  161. nephr(o)-
    kidney
  162. neur(i)-, neuro-
    nerve, nervous system
  163. norm(o)-
    normal
  164. ocul(o)-
    eye
  165. odyn(o)-, -odynia
    pain
  166. -oid
    resemblance to
  167. olig(o)-
    few, little
  168. -oma
    tumor, neoplasm
  169. -omata
    pleural of -oma
  170. oncho-, onco-
    tumor, bulk, volume
  171. onych(o)-, -onchia
    fingernail, toenail
  172. oo-
    ovum, oocyte, ovary
  173. oophor(o)-
    ovary
  174. ophthalm(o)-
    eye
  175. -opia, -opsia, -opsis
    vision
  176. or-, ori-, oro-
    mouth
  177. orchi-, orchid(o)-, orchi(o)-
    testes
  178. -ose
    sugar
  179. -oses
    plueral of -osis
  180. -osis
    process, condition, state
  181. osseo-
    boney
  182. ossi-, ost(e)-, osteo-
    bone
  183. ovari(o)-
    ovary
  184. ov(i)-, ovo-
    ovum, oocyte
  185. pachy-
    thick
  186. pan-
    all, entire
  187. para-
    beside, near, similar, abnormal
  188. path(o)-
    disease, abnormality
  189. -pathy
    disease, abnormality
  190. ped(i)-, pedo-
    child, foot
  191. -penia
    deficiency
  192. per-
    through, thoroughly, intensely
  193. peri-
    around, about
  194. -phage, -phagia, phago-, -phagy
    eating, devouring
  195. pharyng(o)-
    pharynx
  196. phleb(o)-
    vein
  197. -phobe, -phobia
    fear, chemical repulsion
  198. phon(o)-
    sound, speech
  199. -phernia
    mind
  200. physi(o)-
    physical, natural
  201. plan(i)-, plano-
    flat
  202. -plasia
    formation
  203. -plagia
    paralysis
  204. pleur(a)-, pleuro-
    rib, side, plaura
  205. -pnea, -pneo
    breath, respiration
  206. pneum(a)-, pneumat(o)-
    air, gas, lung, breathing
  207. -poiesis, -poietic
    production
  208. poly-
    multiple, many
  209. post-
    after, behind, posterior
  210. pre-
    anterior, before
  211. presby-
    old
  212. pro-
    before, forward, precursor
  213. prot(o)-
    first
  214. pseud(o)-
    false
  215. psych(e)-, psycho-
    mind
  216. -ptosis
    sagging, falling
  217. pyel(o)-
    renal, pelvis
  218. pyo-
    suppration, pus
  219. pyro-
    fire, heat, fever
  220. radio-
    radiation, x-ray, radius
  221. re-
    again, back, backward
  222. rect(o)-
    rectum
  223. reno-
    kidney
  224. retro-
    backward, behind
  225. rhin(o)-
    nose
  226. -rrhagia
    discharge, bleeding
  227. -rrhea
    flow
  228. sacro-
    sacrum
  229. sarco-
    flesh, muscle
  230. schisto-, schiz(o)-
    split, cleft, division
  231. scler(o)-
    hardness, ocular sclera
  232. scolio-
    crooked
  233. -scope
    instrument used for viewing
  234. -scopy
    viewing
  235. scot(o)-
    shadow, darkness
  236. semi-
    one-half, partly
  237. sept-
    infection
  238. sin-, sin(o)-, sinu-
    sinus
  239. somat-, somato-, somatico-
    body, bodily
  240. son(o)-
    sound
  241. spasmo-
    spasm
  242. spir(o)-
    breathing
  243. splanchn(i)-, splanchno-
    viscera
  244. spen(o)-
    spleen
  245. -stasis
    stopping
  246. steno-
    narrowness, constriction
  247. stom(a)-, stomat(o)-
    mouth
  248. sub-
    beneath, less than normal, inferior
  249. super-
    above, in excess, superior
  250. supra-
    above
  251. sy-, syi-, sym-, syn-, sys-
    together
  252. tachy-
    rapid
  253. ten-, tendin-, teno-, tenont(o)-
    tendon
  254. therm(o)-
    heat
  255. thora-, thorac(i)-, thoracico-, thoraco-
    chest, thorax
  256. thromb(o)-
    blood clot
  257. -tomy
    cutting operation
  258. tox(i)-, toxico-, toxo-
    toxic
  259. trache(o)-
    trachea
  260. trans-
    across, through, beyond
  261. -tropic, tropho-, -trophy
    food, nutrition
  262. -tropia, -tropic, -trophy
    affinity, tendency
  263. ultra-
    beyond
  264. uni-
    single
  265. uria-
    urine, urination
  266. uro-
    urine, urinary tract
  267. vas-
    duct, blood vessel
  268. vasculo-
    blood vessel
  269. vaso-
    duct, blood vessel
  270. vesic(o)-
    urinary bladder, vesicle
  271. xanth(o)-
    yellow
  272. xero-
    dry
  273. zym(o)-
    enzyme
  274. longitudinal plane
    running lengthwise
  275. transeverse plane
    • placed across the body at right angles to the frontal and sagittal planes
    • perpendicular to the long axis of the body or limbs in anatomic position
  276. sagittal plane
    a plane veritcal in the anatomic position, through the midline of the body that divides the body into right and left halves
  277. frontal (coronal) plane
    a verticla plane at right angles to the sagittal plane, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
  278. anterior
    the front surface of the body
  279. posterior
    the back surface of the body
  280. medial
    relating to the middle or center
  281. lateral
    farther from the medial or sagittal plane
  282. proximal
    nearest to the trunk or point of origin
  283. distal
    situated away from the center of the body or point of origin
  284. superior
    situated nearer the vertex of the head
  285. inferior
    situated nearer the soles of the feet
  286. abduction
    movement of a limb farther from the midline
  287. adduction
    movement of a limb closer to the midline
  288. extension
    straightening of a joint so that the angle between contiguous bones is increased
  289. flexion
    bending of a joint so that the angle between contiguous bones is decreased
  290. eversion
    • movement of turning a body part outward
    • away from midline
  291. inversion
    • movement of turning a body part inward
    • toward the midline
  292. pronation
    movement of turning the body the face downward
  293. supination
    movement of turning the body to face upward

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