Micro Study Guide 1
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Micro Study Guide 1
Study guide for microbiology test #1
Name the six kingdoms of life. Tell
whether they are prokaryotic or eukaryotic.
How does one distinguish whether an organism is prokaryotic or
Eukaryotic cells have organelles. Prokaryotic cells do not.
Where does the energy to fuel most organisms come from originally?
The sun; photosynthesis
How do nutrients make their way back into the soil?
What is thought to cause gastric ulcers in humans?
an organism that feeds on another living organism
an organism that has a parasite.
Who invented the microscope?
Who introduced the germ theory of disease?
Who developed a plan to determine whether a particular “germ” caused a specific disease?
What type of organism are you? Be
sure to use standard binomial nomenclature.
In a cell culture, a mound of bacteria is called a...
In lab, we grow bacterial cultures in...
If you culture something, and get several types of colonies, how can you get pure cultures for identification?
(isolate and reculture)
What is the difference in magnification and resolution?
Magnification – how big it is
Resolution – how clear the picture is
What kingdoms of life are made up of
Archae that live in swamps and produce
methane are called
Archae that live in extremely salty places
Archae that live in very hot places are
Rod shaped bacteria are called
Sphere shaped bacteria are called
Spiral shaped bacteria are called
Chains of cocci are called
Clusters of cocci are called
Gram-positive bacteria stain
Gram-negative bacteria stain
Bacteria that normally live in the
intestinal tract of animals including humans are called
Bacteria that extract energy from minerals
(no sun needed) are called
Bacteria that live on the roots of plants
(legumes) and change nitrogen into a usable form are called
nitrogen fixing bacteria
Bacteria typically reproduce by
When two bacteria bind together and
exchange transfer genetic material, it is called
A long structure that moves bacteria along
is called a
Bacteria that feed on dead things are
Bacteria that use the sunlight as an energy
source are called
Bacteria that cannot survive in the
presence of oxygen are called
Bacteria that can live without oxygen or
with oxygen are called
Bacteria that cannot survive without oxygen
Bacteria that grow in hot environments are
Drugs that are produced in a laboratory to
fight bacterial infections are called
How do bacteria develop antibiotic
The population evolves into a resistant strain because the bacteria that are not resistant die.
List 5 things that are useful about
make cheese, yogurt
Why is a virus not considered to be alive?
It is not cellular.
It cannot grow, reproduce, etc. without invading a host cell.