Kazen Master Grammar 3.4

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Author:
jasmace
ID:
98249
Filename:
Kazen Master Grammar 3.4
Updated:
2011-08-26 08:21:54
Tags:
Kazen Master Grammar
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Description:
Kazen Master Grammar
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  1. Because
    Plain form + から

    • 頭が痛いから薬を飲んだ。
    • Because I have a headache I drank medice.
  2. Since, because
    • Plain form + ので
    • (Noun & な-adjective = なので)

    • 漢字が多いので、日本語の新聞を読むのは大変です。
    • It is tough reading a Japanese newspaper because there is a lot of kanji.
  3. As, since, so
    • て-form
    • (ない = なくて)
    • (い-adjective = くて)
    • (な-adjective = で)

    • 弟は、オバケが怖くて、夜一人でトイレに行けません。
    • Since my younger brother is scared of ghosts he can't go to the bathroom alone at night.
  4. ~and (used to list reasons)
    Plain form + し

    • 彼女は可愛いし頭がいいし,面白いよ。
    • She's cute, and smart, and interesting.
  5. Because, due to (cause-reason)
    • Plain form + ために
    • (Noun + のために)

    • 雨のためにピクニックへ行きませんでした。
    • Because of the rain I did not go to the picnic.
  6. In order to / for the benefit of / (purpose)
    • Dictionary form + ために
    • (Noun + のために)

    • 日本語がペラペラになるために,日本に来たんだ。
    • I came to Japan in order to become fluent in Japanese.
  7. Conditional form
    けば, 食べれば, すれば, くれば, 安ければ, よければ, 静かなら, 雨なら, キリンであれば

    If

    • 知りたければ、彼女にちょくせつ聞いてよ。
    • If you want to know, you should ask her directly about it.
  8. When~ / If~ (inevitable condition)
    Plain form + と

    • 薬を飲むとすぐなおるかも知れません。
    • If you take the medicine, you'll probably get better soon.
  9. I wish / I hope / Would be nice if
    Plain form + といい

    • 明日はれるといいな
    • I hope the weather clears up tomorrow.
  10. When~ , Then~ (discovery)
    Dictionary form + と, ~final verb(past)

    • 窓をあけると, 湖が見えました
    • When you open the window then you can see the lake.
  11. If (supposition)
    た-form + ら

    • 駅に行ったら新聞を買ってください 。
    • If you go to the station please buy a newspaper.
  12. When / after (actions in sequence)
    た-form + ら

    • 家に着いたら君に電話するよ。
    • I will give you a call after I get home.
  13. When / then (discovery)
    た-form + ら, ~final verb(past)

    • 日本語を勉強したら, 辞書を使います。
    • When I study Japanese, I use a dictionary.
  14. How about doing / Why don't you (suggestive)
    た-form + ら(どう)

    • ダイエットしたらどうだ。
    • Why don't you go on a diet?
  15. Even if
    て-form + も

    • 貧乏でも君が結婚したいだ。
    • Even if you're poor, I want to marry you.
  16. Even though / in spite of
    • Plain form + のに
    • Noun + なのに

    • 漢字を読めるのに意味はわかりません。
    • Even though I can read the kanji、I don`t know the meaning.
  17. If that's the case (supposition)
    Plain form + なら

    • 明日雨なら私は家にいます。
    • If it rains tomorrow, I will stay at home.
  18. As for~ (used to take up a topic)
    Nounなら

    • 由美子ならあそこの木の下で寝てるよ。
    • If you're looking for Yumiko, she's sleeping under the tree over there.

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