The frontal lobe contains what 2 functional areas and what do those areas do?
1) Prefrontal area: elaborate thinking / planning complex movement
2) Motor area: controls small muscles of eye, mouth, hand, etc / coordinates movements / articulation of words
What functional area does the parietal lobe contain and what does it do?
Somesthetic area: receives sensations of touch, temp, and pain from the body
What functional area does the occipital lobe contain and what does it do?
Visual area: detects visual signals
What 3 functional areas are contained in the temporal lobe and what do they do?
1) Auditory area: detects auditory signals
2) Wernicke's area: interprets the meaning / significance of words
3) Short-term memory area: stores memories lasting a few seconds
What are the 4 main functions of the nervous system and how are they achieved?
1) detect information
2) recognize significance
3) "decide" on a responce
4) execute an action
Achieved by neural communication via neural pathways
Explain the difference between affective and cognitive behavior.
Affective: related to feeling and emotion
Cognitive: related to thinking
Summarize the reflex pathway.
An internal/external change occurs - change is detected by a receptor - signal is carried on afferent path via sensory neurons - signal arrives at nervous system integrating center - signal is carried on efferent path via efferent neuron - signal reaches effector - response to change
The Afferent (Sensory) Pathway carries info from _NS to the _NS
The Afferent (Sensory) Pathway carries info from PNS to the CNS
The Efferent (Motor) Pathway carries info from ___ to ______ ________
The Efferent (Motor) Pathway carries info from CNS to effector organ(s)
What are the 2 types of efferent pathways and what do they do?