(1) Standing committee (2) Joint committee (3) Select committee (4) Conference committee
How are Amendments Proposed?
Tell me about Congressional Sessions?
Tell me about Incumbents.
All laws start as bills. A proposed law is called a bill until both houses of Congress pass it and the president signs it. To introduce a bill in the House a representitive drops the bill into a hopper. A hopper is a box near the front of the chamber. After the bill is introduced the speaker sends it to the appropriate committee for study, reveiw and discussion. Only do 10 or 20% go to the full house for a vote.
Bills that survive the committee process are put on the house calendars (list the bills that are put up for consideration) The union calendar list bills dealing with money issues. Most other public bills are put on house calendar. Private calendar list bills dealing w/individual, w/people and places. Any bill the house gives unanamous consent to debate out of regular order is listed on consent calendar. The discharge calendar is used for buititions to sischarge a bill from a committee.
A great many factors influence a lawmaker's decisions. One factor is the the lawmaker's personality. Some lawmakers take more risks than others. Sometimes the very nature of the issue determines the factors that will influencelawmakers the most. they always have their own opinions and beliefs depending on where they came from.
Congressional staff members also influence lawmakers' decisions in congress.(1) by controlling the info. on which lawmakers base their decisions. (2) by setting the agenda for individual lawmakers and for congressional committees that may favora certain point of view.
Most lawmakers agree that the most important influences on their decision making are the concerns of voters back home, their own political parties, the president, and special-interest groups.