CHAPTER1

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RX73
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98311
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CHAPTER1
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2011-08-28 21:55:29
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IMMUNOLOGY CEDARVILLE
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CHAPTER 1
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  1. PROTECTION FROM DISEASE/INFECTIOUS DISEASE
    IMMUNITY
  2. THE CELLS & MOLECULES RESPONSIBLE FOR IMMUNITY
    IMMUNE SYSTEM
  3. THE IMMUNE SYSTEM'S COLLECTIVE & COORDINATED RESPONSE TO THE INTRODUCTION OF FOREIGN SUBSTANCES
    IMMUNE RESPONSE
  4. THE STUDY OF IMMUNE RESPONSES & OR THE CELLULAR & MOLECULAR EVENTS THAT OCCUR AFTER AN ORGANISM ENCOUNTERS MICROBES OR FOREIGN MACROMOLEULES.
    IMMUNOLOGY
  5. THE CELLULAR & BIOCHEMICAL DEFENSE MECHANISMS THAT ARE IN PLACE EVEN BEFORE INFECTION & ARE POISED TO RESPOND RAPIDLY TO INFECTIONS.
    INNATE IMMUNITY
  6. THE PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS OF INNATE IMMUNITY.
    • 1. PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL BARRIERS
    • 2. PHAGOCYTIC CELLS & NATURAL KILLER CELLS
    • 3. BLOOD PROTEINS
    • 4. CYTOKINES
  7. FORM OF IMMUNITY THAT DEVELOPS AS A RESPONSE TO INFECTION AND ADAPTS TO THE INFECTION.
    • ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY
    • SPECIFIC IMMUNITY
    • ACQUIRED IMMUNITY
  8. THE MAIN COMPONENT OF ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY.
    LYMPHOCYTES
  9. FOREIGN SUBSTANCES THAT INDUCE SPECIFIC IMMUNE RESPONES OR ARE THE TARGET OF A RESPONSE.
    ANTIGENS
  10. TYPE OF ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE THAT IS MEDIATED BY MOLECULES IN THE BLOOD & MUCOSAL SECRETIONS.
    HUMORAL IMMUNITY
  11. TYPE OF ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE THAT IS MEDIATED BY T LYMPHOCYES.
    • CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY
    • CELLULAR IMMUNITY
  12. THE FORM OF IMMUNITY THAT IS INDUCED BY EXPOSURE TO A FOREIGN ANTIGEN.
    ACTIVE IMMUNITY
  13. INDIVIDUALS & LYMPHOCYTES THAT HAVE NOT ENCOUNTERED A PARTICULAR ANTIGEN.
    NAIVE OR IMMUNOLOGICALLY INEXPERIENCED
  14. INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE RESPONDED TO A MICROBIAL ANTIGEN & ARE PROTECTED FROM SUBSEQUENT EXPOSURES TO THAT MICROBE.
    IMMUNE
  15. FORM OF IMMUNITY WHICH IS DONE BY ADOPTIVE TRANSFER.
    PASSIVE IMMUNITY
  16. SERUM PROTEINS THAT MEDIATE HUMORAL IMMUNITY.
    ANTIBODIES
  17. SUBSTANCES THAT BOUND ANTIBODIES AND GENERATE THE PRODUCTION OF ANTIBODIES.
    ANTIGENS
  18. THE PARTS OF ANTIGENS THAT ARE SPECIFICALLY RECOGNIZED BY INDIVIDUAL LYMPHOCYTES.
    DETERMINANTS OR EPITOPES
  19. THE TOTAL NUMBER OF ANTIGENIC SPECIFICITIES OF THE LYMPHOCTYES IN AN INDIVIDUAL.
    LYMPHOCYTE REPERTOIRE
  20. THE RESULT OF VARIABILITY IN THE STRUCTURES OF THE ANTIGEN-BINDING SITES OF LYMPHOCYTE RECEPTORS FOR ANTIGENS.
    DIVERSITY
  21. AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF CELLS THAT EXPRESS IDENTICAL RECEPTORS FOR THE ANTIGEN & THUS BELONG TO A CLONE.
    CLONAL EXPANSION
  22. THE RETURNING OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM TO ITS RESTING BASAL STATE.
    HOMEOSTASIS
  23. IMMUNOLOGICAL UNRESPONSIVNESS.
    TOLERANCE
  24. ABNORMALITIES IN THE INDUCTION OR MAINTANCE OF SELF-TOLERANCE LEADING TO IMMUNE RESPONSES AGAINST SELF ANTIGENS.
    AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES
  25. THE ONLY CELLS CAPABLE OF PRODUCING ANTIBODIES.
    B LYMPHOCYTES (B-CELLS)
  26. THE CELLS OF CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY, THEY RECOGNIZE THE ANTIGENS OF INTRACELLULAR MICROBES AND FUNCTION TO DESTROY THESE MICROBES.
    T LYMPHOCYTES (T-CELLS)
  27. THE 2 FUNCTIONALLY DISTINCT POPULATIONS OF THE T LYMPHOCYTES.
    • 1. HELPER T CELLS
    • 2. CYTOTOXIC OR CYTOLYTIC (CTLs)
  28. A CELL THAT DISPLAYS PEPTIDE FRAGMENTS OF PROTEIN ANTIGENS ON ITS SURFACE AND ACTIVATES ANTIGEN-SPECIFIC T-CELLS.
    ANTIGEN-PRESENTING CELLS (APC)
  29. CELLS THAT MEDIATE THE FINAL EFFECT OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE, GET RID OF THE MICROBE.
    EFFECTOR CELLS.
  30. THE HYPOTHESIS THAT ANTIGEN-SPECIFIC CLONES OF LYMPHOCYTES DEVELOP BEFORE AND INDEPENDENT OF EXPOSURE TO ANTIGEN.
    CLONAL SELECTION HYPOTHESIS

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