Traditions and Encounters Chapter 4

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Traditions and Encounters Chapter 4
2011-08-24 22:58:44
traditions encounters chapter four AP world history

A review for Traditions and Encounters chapter 4.
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  1. The Harappan society
    (the Indus river was...?)
    silt-enriched water from mountain ranges
  2. Harappan Society
    (Society built by...?)(when?)
    Dravidian Peoples, 300-2500 BCE
  3. Harappan society
    (Cultivation of ___ before 5000 BCE, early cu;tivation of ___.)
    cotton, poulty(Chicken)
  4. Harappan society
    (Decline after...?_
    1900 BCE
  5. Harappan Society
    (Major cities?)
    Harrapa, Mohenjo-Daro
  6. Harappan Society
    (Mohenjo-Daro had broad streets, citadel, ___, and ___.)
    pool, sewage
  7. Harappan Society
    (Mohenjo-Daro had standarized...?)
    weights, evidence of central ruler controlling four corners
  8. Harappan Society
    (Mohenjo-Daro remains were...?)
    inassesible because of silt deposits and rising water table(underwater)
  9. Harappan Society
    (Evidence of...?)
    social stratification(dwelling size, decoration)
  10. Harappan Society
    (Possible Matriarchal? Influence on _____.)
    later Indian Culture
  11. Harappan Society
    (Worshipped godesses of ____.)
  12. Harappan Society
    (Possible ___ and ___ distinctions.)
    east, west
  13. Harappan Society
    (reasons for disappearance unclear. evidence of...?)
    deforestation, loss of topsoil, earthquakes, flooding, unburied dead
  14. Harappan Society
    (disapperance in____.)
    1500 BCE
  15. The Aryans were also known as ____.
  16. The Aryans were ____ skinned ____ from the ____.
    lighter, invaders, north
  17. Aryan "Invasion"
    (Who were the Dravidians?)
    darker skinned sedentary inhabitants of Harappa
  18. The Early Aryans
    (____ economy. What animals?)
    pastoral, sheep, goats, horses, and cattle
  19. The Early Aryans
    (Religious and Literary works. The ___. How many? Most important of them?)
    Vedas, four, Rig Veda
  20. The Early Aryans
    (What does Sanskrit mean?)
    sacred tongue
  21. The Early Aryans
    (What is Prakrit? What is important about it?)
    everyday language, evolved into Hindi, Urdu, and Bengali
  22. The Vedic Age
    (What does dasas mean?)
    enemies or subjects
  23. The Vedic Age
    (Aryans fought ___ and ___.)
    Dravidians, each other
  24. During the Vedic Age, the Aryans formed hundreds of ____ with ___ as the rulers.
    chiefdoms, rajas
  25. During the early centuries of the Vedic Age, the Aryans migrated further south and settled in the ___, the upper Indus river valley, because of development of ____ and increasing reliance on ____.
    Punjab, iron metallurgy, agriculture
  26. During the vedic age, the tribal connection evolve into ____ structures.
  27. Varna was also known as the ____.
    caste system
  28. Varna: the caste system
    (Origins in Aryan domination of Dravidians)
    Harijan- "___"
    priest, warrior, merchant, commoner, untouchables or pariahs
  29. Varna: The caste system
    (Jati subsystem of castes related to ___. increasing ___ and ___ complexity. Determined by ____.)
    urbanization, social, economic, occupation
  30. Patriarchy in ancient Indian Society
    (Rule of the ____.)
  31. Patriarchy in ancient indian society
    (Enforced in the _____ which were _____.
    The Lawbook of Manu, proper moral behaviors
  32. What was Sati?
    Sacrificing of widow after hisband dies
  33. Aryan religion
    (The mojor deity of Rig Veda was ___ and he was the ___ god.
    Indra, war
  34. Aryan Religion
    (Role of ___ was important)
  35. Who were the Upanishads?
    vegetarians who had respect for all living things
  36. The Upanishads were a blending of ___ and __ traditions.
    Aryan and Dravidian
  37. Teachings of the Upanishads
    Relationship to system of ___.
    the universal soul, reincarnation, accounting for incarnations, mystical ecxxtacy, varna