law school vocab

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assilemyma
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98352
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law school vocab
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2011-10-30 01:03:24
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law school rutgers vocab
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vocab for law school; definitions from Black's Law Dictionary (unless otherwise noted)
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  1. consideration (p. 134)
    • something (act, forebearance, or return promise) bargained for and received by a promisor from promisee
    • that which motivates a person to do something
  2. adduce
    (p. 15; Contracts, 59)
    to offer/put forward for consideration (something) as evidence/authority
  3. tender
    (p. 710; Contracts, 56)
    • offer of performance
    • unconditional offer (money/performance) to satisfy debt/obligation
  4. no ______________ arises until completion of an act is called for (Contracts, 52)
    contract
  5. bilateral contract
    (Contracts, 51)
    • formed when the parties exchange promises of performance to take place in the future
    • each party is both a promisor and a promisee; the offeree's communicated acceptance also constitutes in effect his/her promise to perform
  6. option
    (p. 513; Contracts, 47, 108)
    • "contract by which the owner agrees to give another the exclusive right to buy property at a fixed price within a specified time"
    • "in effect, an owner of propert agrees to hold his offer open for a specified period of time" (G. THompson, supra, Section 4443)
  7. forum non conveniens
    (p. 298; Contracts, Suppl. p. 12)
    The doctrine that an appropriate forum — even though competent under the law — may divest itself of jurisdiction if, for the convenience of the litigants and the witnesses, it appears that the action should proceed in another forum in which the action might also have been properly brought in the first place.
  8. sine qua non
    (p. 659; Contracts, 71)
    • "without which not"
    • something on which something else necessarily depends
  9. estoppel
    (p. 253; Contracts, 102)
    bar that prevents one from asserting a claim or right that contradicts what one has said or done before or what has been legally established as true
  10. promissory estoppel
    (p. 253; Contracts, 129)
    • promise made without consideration may otherwise be enforced to prevent injuctice if promisor should have reasonably expected promisee to rely on a promise
    • and if promisee relied on a promise to her detriment
  11. prima facie
    (p. 560; Contracts, 129)
    • at first sight
    • on first appearance but subject to further evidence/info
    • sufficient to establish a fact or raise presumption unless disproved/rebutted
  12. assumpsit
    (p. 51; Contracts, 217)
    • "he understood"
    • an express/implied promise not under seal, by which one person undertakes to do some act or pay something to another
    • action based on defendant's breach of implied promise to pay debt to plaintiff
  13. detention
    (p. 205; Contracts, 218)
    holding a person in custody
  14. conveyance
    (p. 48; Contracts, 218)
    voluntary transfer of a right or property
  15. testate/testator
    (p. 713; Contracts, 218)
    person who has made a will
  16. intestate
    (Contracts, 218)
    one who has died without a proper will
  17. disinheritance
    (p. 214; Contracts, 218)
    deprived heir of would be expectancy to inherit the state
  18. intestate
    (p. 379; Contracts, 218)
    one who has died without a proper will
  19. discretionary
    (p. 213; Contracts, 223)
    involving exercise of judgment and choice; not implementation of hard-and-fast rule
  20. forbearance
    (p. 294; Contracts, 223)
    act of refraining from enforcing a right, obligation, or debt/tolerating or abstaining
  21. dissent
    (pp. 216-217; Contracts, 226)
    • disagreement with the majority opinion, especially among judges
    • withholding of assent/approval
  22. codification
    (p. 110; Contracts, 227)
    process of compiling, arranging, and systematizing the laws of a given jurisdiction, or a discrete branch of the law into codes
  23. inquisitorial
    (p. 361; Civ Pro, 3)
    • judge conducts trial, determines questions
    • defines scope/extent of inquiry
  24. meritorious (p. 456; Civ Pro, 4)
    meriting esteem/reward; having legal worth
  25. controversy
    (p. 147; Civ Pro 5)
    • disagreement/dispute
    • justiciable dispute
  26. discovery
    (p. 212; Civ Pro, 8)
    obtain information from opposing party/witness(es)
  27. subpoena
    (p. 684; Civ Pro, 8)
    "under penalty"
  28. burden of persuasion
    (p. 82; Civ Pro, 10)
  29. post-verdict motion
    (p. 468; Civ Pro 10)
  30. directed verdict/judgment as a matter of law
    (pp. 389, 757; Civ Pro, 10)
    before defense makes case assert that plaintiff failed to establish case
  31. collateral estoppel
    (p. 112; Civ Pro 12)
  32. finality
    (p. 618; Civ Pro, 12)
    parties cannot relitigate
  33. personal jurisdiction
    (p. ___; Civ Pro, 59)
    territorial reach of a court's authority
  34. ex parte
    (p. 268; Civ Pro, 64)
    on or from one party only, usually without notice to or argument from the adverse party
  35. levy
    (p. 425; Civ Pro, 65)
    • legally sanctioned seizure and sale or property; money obtained from this sale
    • (if the property was sold before it was seized, the judgment is not binding)
  36. status
    (pp. 674-5; Civ Pro, 66)
    • person's legal condition whether personal or proprietary
    • sum total of person's legal rights, duties, liability, and other legal relations
  37. in rem
    (p. ___; Civ Pro, 66)
    involving status of a thing
  38. disposition
    (p. 216; Contracts, 66)
    • act of transferring something to another's care/possession
    • relinquishing of property; abandonment
  39. quasi in rem
    (p. 362; Civ Pro, 67)
    • "as if against a thing"
    • involving/determining rights of person having interest in property without the court's jurisdiction
    • settles claims to property of which jurisdiction is based
    • seeks to obtain a personal judgment on a claim unrelated to the property on which the jusridiction is based
  40. collateral attack
    (p. 111; Civ Pro, 69)
    attack on a judgment in a proceeding other than direct appeal
  41. domicile (p. 223; Civ Pro, 71)
  42. status (p. 674-75; Civ Pro, 66)
  43. forum selection (p. 298; Civ Pro, 72)
  44. cognovit (p. 110; Civ Pro, 73)
  45. confession of judgment (p. 130; Civ Pro, 73)
  46. abatement (p. 1; Civ Pro 74)
  47. contravenes (p. 146; Civ Pro, 74)
  48. amenable (p. 34; Civ Pro 76)
  49. specific jurisdiction (p. 395; Civ Pro, 77)
  50. de facto (p. 187; Civ Pro, 79)
  51. certiorari (p. 93; Civ Pro, 86)
  52. inter alia (p. __; Civ Pro, 100)
  53. ratio decidendi (p. 370; Civ Pro, 101)
  54. cf (p. 94; Civ Pro, 99)
  55. inter vios (p. 379; Civ Pro, 109)
  56. power of appointment (p. 551; Civ Pro, 109)
  57. foruitous event (p. 298; Civ Pro, 114)
  58. quash (p. 586; Civ Pro, 124)
  59. arguendo (p. 43; Civ Pro, 126)
  60. indemnify (p. ____; Civ Pro, 128)
  61. avail (p. 56-57; Civ Pro, 143)
  62. NOCI (p. ____; Civ Pro, 145)
  63. Id. (p. 336; Civ Pro, 147)
  64. indemnity (p. __; Civ Pro, 226)
  65. testementary (p. __; Civ Pro, 247)
  66. dimunition (p. ___; Civ Pro, 249)
  67. affadavit (p. __; Civ Pro, 262)
  68. prognostigated (p. ___; Civ Pro, 304)
  69. qui tam lawsuits (p. ___; Civ Pro, 305)
  70. pendente lite ((p. ___; Civ Pro, 307)
  71. mootness (p. ___; Civ Pro, 307)
  72. chancery (p. ___; Civ Pro, 307)
  73. ad damnum clause (p. ___; Civ Pro, 335)
  74. demerred (p. ___; Civ Pro, 345)
  75. pro pio vigore (p. ___; Civ Pro, 351)
  76. inducia (p. ___; Civ Pro, 353)
  77. quitclaim deed (p. ___; Civ Pro, 358)
  78. pendent jurisdiction (p. ___; Civ Pro, 374)
  79. pre emption (p. ___; Civ Pro, 375)
  80. hegemony (p. ___; Civ Pro, 375)
  81. viva voce (p. ___; Civ Pro, 376)
  82. purloining (p. ___; Civ Pro, 377)
  83. interlocutory injunction (p. ___; Civ Pro, 377)
  84. colorable claim (p. ___; Civ Pro, 382)
    appearance without substance of a legal right
  85. interlocutory appeal (p. ___; Civ Pro, 425)
    appeal that occurs before trial court's final ruling on the entire case
  86. collaterol attack (p. ___; Civ Pro, 425)
    attach on a judgment in a proceeding other than a direct appeal
  87. legal positivism (p. 546; Civ Pro, 433)
    all true knowledge - derived from observation - NOT speculatory reasoning
  88. laches (p. 447; Civ Pro, 406)
    unreasonable delay in pursuing right
  89. equity (p. 247; Civ Pro, 447)
    fairness; impartiality supercedes common and statute law when they conflict
  90. outlawry (p. ___; Civ Pro, 449)
  91. gainsard (p. ___; Civ Pro, 458)
  92. dispositive (p. 216; Civ Pro, 461)
    final determination
  93. remittitur (p.610: Civ Pro, ____)
  94. usury (p. ___; Contracts, 632)
  95. J.N.O.V. (p. ___; Contracts, 688)
  96. senatim (p. ___; Contracts, 691)
  97. imputation (p. 345; Torts, 27)
  98. supra (p. ___; Torts 28)
  99. abrogate (p. ___; Torts 28)
  100. chattel (p. ___; Torts 30)
  101. underlitigating (p. ___; Torts 32)
  102. indignent (p. ___; Torts 33)
  103. amicus curiae (p. ___; Torts 34)
  104. pecuniary (p. ___; Torts 35)
  105. et seq. (p. ___; Torts 36_
  106. mens rea (p. ___; Torts 47)
  107. abet (p. ___; Torts 50)
  108. writ (p. ___; Torts 50)
  109. casus belli (p. ___; Torts 57)
  110. detention (p. ___; Torts 58)
  111. prima facie (p. ___; Torts 61)
  112. per contra (p. ___; Torts 65)
  113. ex rel (p. ___; Torts 66)
  114. nomothetic (p. ___; Torts 252)
  115. demur (p. ___; Torts 381)
  116. gravamen (p. ___; Torts 383)
  117. fungible (p. 306; Torts 393)
    commercially interchangeable with other property of the same kind <corn and wheat are fungible goods, whereas land is not>

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